|| 490 Days
|| 1810 Days
|| Time of the End
This is the most important prophecy you will ever study because it tells when the Messiah would appear.
Daniel is in distress according to Daniel 8: 26-27. Although the vision was explained, he did not understand.
He did not understand the significance and time of the 2300 year prophecy.
His failure to understand the full vision was is conflict with the charge that was given to the Angel Gabriel to
"...make this man understand the vision" (Daniel 8: 16).
Gabriel had started revealing the vision to Daniel, but Daniel could not handle its impact. He fainted and was greatly troubled concerning its meaning (Daniel 8: 27).
As we demonstrated in the last lesson, the only part of the vision that was not explained was the time prophecy.
In Chapter 9, we see Gabriel returning and completing the explanation of the 2300 year prophecy.
The Big Question. How Long?
Then I heard one holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking,
"How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, while the transgression causes horror,
so as to allow the holy place and the host to be trampled?"
(Daniel 8: 13).
This a picture of the two holy ones standing before God at the Ark of the covenant in the Most Holy Place.
They see the people in the outer court and in the Holy Place being trampled.
If it were possible, the destructive forces would go after the Most Holy Place in heaven, where they were.
Heaven asks a profound question. "How long would Satan be allowed to continue his rampage?"
And he said to me, "For two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary shall be cleansed.
(Daniel 8: 14).
They would be allowed to work for 2300 years! No wonder Daniel fainted!
The Symbols Of Daniel 8 And 9
Before we study the interpretation, let us look at the symbols.
1. Prophetic Time Symbols
One of the most important concepts to understand is prophetic time.
God uses one day to be equal to one year of real time. (Numbers 14: 34 and Ezekiel 4: 6)
This is discussed in more detail on this page.
The prophecies introduce a period of two thousand three hundred years for the trampled sanctuary to be restored.
|2||Pagan metal ages|
|4||Tree of Life cut down|
|9||Prince of the Covenant|
2. Sanctuary Symbols
Chapter nine must be studied with chapter eight.
In chapter eight, the symbols use sanctuary images and depict the destruction and trampling of the sanctuary during this period.
Chapter 9 shows the details of the trampling and destruction of the Commander who is the Prince of the Covenant.
The covenant is symbolized and memorialized in the sanctuary.
Daniel 8 - The Sanctuary And Feasts.
The symbols are the destruction of the sanctuary and the people by the renegade scapegoat on the day of atonement.
- Sanctuary Animals. Ram and goat from the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur).
- The Sanctuary. It is a three sided structure enclosed on the North, South and West.
Notice that the ram is pushing in all these three directions (Daniel 8: 4). The east side only had a curtain, not a solid wall.
The symbols show a destruction of the sanctuary building by pushing down the walls.
- Ark Of The Covenant. Ram with two horns standing by a river. God, Ark with two angels and the river of life.
- Altar. The breaking of the horn into four horns towards the four winds of heaven reminds of the four horns of the altar.
|Attacks The Sanctuary ||Attacks People |
People in the Outer Court
|North Wall ||- |
|West Wall || Most Holy Place||Holy Place |
|South Wall |
| South |
|The City of David in the South|
- Goat. It is the goat, a symbol of Satan, from which the little horn grew.
The goat defeats the ram in the Outer Court. This is a symbol of Satan killing Christ on the earth. Therefore, Satan defeats the forces of good until the sanctuary is restored.
This symbol continues with the destruction of the sanctuary through the conquest of the people, the continual, heaven and the ministry of Christ.
- The Ark Of The Covenant. In Daniel 8: 16 we see a symbol of the throne room of God with the river of life and the two covering cherubim.
There is a Man with authority sitting above a river, on either side are Gabriel and another Holy one (Verse 13).
- Sanctuary Restored. Refers to the services on the Day of Atonement when the sins of the people are permanently removed and the sanctuary is cleansed.
- The People. After he destroys the sanctuary, he destroys the people. There are symbols that refer to the people.
- Stars. These are the saints and prophets and could include even the first fruits who are in heaven.
- The Territory Of The Little Horn (Verse 9). All three directions are the location of God's people.
It is this area that the religious power controls, the people of God.
- South. Since God is in the North, then logically, the people who face Him must be in the south. In ancient Jerusalem, the city of David was south of the sanctuary.
In another lesson we also show that the people in the last days symbolically run from Babylon the Great in the north to symbolically wait in the south for the Second Coming.
- East. Although all Levi surrounded the sanctuary, the priests were camped in the east.
- Pleasant Land. This is Israel.
- Commander Of The Host. He even attacks the Messiah while He is on earth as the ram and in heaven as the true High Priest.
- The Ram And The Goat (Christ And The Antichrist). Christ comes to be circumcised (cut off at the crucifixion) and the impotent, uncircumcised little horn (little penis) comes to attack and rape.
- Holy Place And The People.
Finally, Daniel describes the vision as the destruction of the continual, the people and the building.
The vision described the destruction symbolically. A direct reading of the text does not talk about a destruction of the sanctuary.
It is only as we look at the symbols that we see elements of the sanctuary under attack as Daniel also concluded.
How long will the vision about the continual apply, while the transgression causes horror,
so as to allow both the holy place and the host to be trampled?
(Daniel 8: 13)
Daniel 9 - The Covenant
This chapter is less symbolic than the previous.
But the subject in Daniel 9 is based on the covenant. Since the sanctuary system was instituted to fulfill the covenant,
it makes sense that the visions in both chapters is steeped in the covenant and its sanctuary.
We left chapter 8 with the sanctuary in distress.
The enemies of God were attempting to destroy the sanctuary, the people and their Messiah Lamb.
And we find that God allowed it because of transgression in the people.
But what does this say about the covenant?
In it God promises to protect His people, make them righteous and make them triumph over their enemies.
The answer comes in chapter 9 when God sets a time when He will send the permanent answer to the
question of sin among His people. The answer is the Prince of the Covenant, the Messiah.
- Sabbath and Jubilee. The covenant week and the final period were both written in terms of the Sabbath rest and the Jubilee period.
This is seven years and 490 years. This is significant because the Sabbath is the promised rest from sin.
The Jubilee is the forgiveness of all debt and the restoration and equalization of all people.
- Covenant. God keeps the covenant and He chose a specific time to do it.
- Sacrifice. Sacrifice and offering would end because God had no pleasure in them and they did not cleanse the heart of the people.
- Messiah. He was to become the better sacrifice that would be offered once for all humans for all times.
3. Symbols: The Trampling Of The Sanctuary And The People.
Historically, the trampling of the physical sanctuary, services and the people of God has occurred with each successive kingdom.
The pagan empires destroyed the physical building and enslaved the nation of Israel.
At His death, Christ became the high priest of a sanctuary in heaven that could not be destroyed.
Papal Rome removed the knowledge of God and the ministry of Christ from the church and martyred the church.
The prophecy symbolized the destruction of the sanctuary by these powers.
Each one escalates the level of the assault on the sanctuary.
It is not meant to be a description of what was done historically. It is meant to simply show that each
power contributed to the destruction of the sanctuary or the service of God in some manner.
- Ram ("Medo-Persia"). I saw the ram pushing to the west, and the north and the south. (Daniel 8: 4)
This is a highly symbolic illustration of the pushing down of the sanctuary walls.
In reality the Persian empire helped to rebuild the sanctuary that Babylon destroyed.
But here we have a symbolic representation of that power destroying this structure. How did this happen?
Persia tried to change the worship and destroy the people.
The prophetic role of Persia was a paradox. Its symbols must both depict its work as a savior and destroyer.
» Destroyer Symbols. It still attacked and ruled Israel. It also tried to destroy the people by regulating pagan worship or death. Daniel was thrown into a den of lions because of this conspiracy.
» Savior Symbols. The ram and Cyrus who represented Christ and the kings from the east. They represent both deliverance from Babylon and Babylon the Great.
It was also the only power that built the physical sanctuary instead of destroying it.
- Goat ("Greece"). Daniel 8: 7. It killed the ram that was standing before the river, broke his horns, threw him to the ground and stomped on him and grew in power.
This is a fuzzy illustration of the attack on the true sacrifice, Christ, by the scapegoat who should be banished. It is a reversal of the roles on the day of Atonement.
The development of the four horns in all directions illustrates the emergence of a new altar system. New sacrifices, new access to God.
The process of forcing the Greek culture on the conquered lands caused many Jews to forget their God.
They influenced the priests and even took the priesthood from the family of the Levites.
This caused the Maccabean revolt.
- Little Horn ("Rome"). He magnified himself to the Prince of the host, the daily was taken away and place of his sanctuary was thrown down. (Daniel 8: 11)
This is a clear statement of the attacks against the high priest, the ministry and the sanctuary.
After Christ returned to the permanent, indestructible sanctuary in heaven, the forces of evil concentrated on destroying the people, their connection to the High Priest and their respect for the laws.
|Kingdom ||Symbol ||Year ||Sanctuary ||Destructive Actions |
|Babylon || - ||609-539||First temple||Destroyed the first temple (586). Exiled the people|
|Medo-Persia ||Ram ||539-331||Second |
|-||Enslaved Israel and tried to change their worship|
|Greece ||Goat ||331-168 ||-||Defiled the temple, forbid worship, occupied Israel, corrupted priests, sold the office of the high priest and replaced the true rulers with the Hasmonean dynasty|
|Pagan Rome ||Little Horn ||31-70 ||Christ||Destroyed the second temple and the Christ temple|
|70-132||The Place of the Sanctuary||Jews exiled from Jerusalem. A mosque has been built on the temple mount since 715|
|Papal Rome ||538-1798||Christ (High Priest)||Assumed the ministry of Christ as our only intercessor|
|538-End|| ||Ark (Throne)||Sits in the temple as God|
|538-End|| ||Ark (Laws)||Changed the laws (Sabbath, Passover, Feasts)|
|600|| ||Altar of Incense||Ministry of Christ as our high priest replaced with a human priesthood|
|1014|| ||Table of Shewbread |
|Blood is spilled. People martyred in the crusades and inquisition|
|1504|| ||Menorah||Reformation. The Age of Enlightenment ends the dark ages|
|Europe ||Ten Horns ||1844||Heaven||Sanctuary Restored. The day of atonement began|
| Chazon (2300 Years) |
| Mar'eh |
(1810 Years Remain)
| Explain || Keep Secret |
4. Symbols: The Vision
In Daniel two different Hebrew words are used to refer to this vision.
The words are used in several chapters. When they are used, it is important to understand what section of the vision
is being explained.
- Mar'eh (מראה) or Mar'ah (feminine).
Means: View, appearance, the thing seen, pattern, mirror, shape or vision.
It refers to the vision of the 490 days, part of the chazon. It is the vision about a man which ends with Christ.
The Mar'eh was what was explained. The chazon was not explained. Gabriel explained the events from the Greek conquest of Persia to the attack on Christ by the Romans.
But Mare'eh also means pattern and it is a pattern of what would occur in the chazon as the little horn attacked the people and the sanctuary in the same way it attacked the Messiah.
Revelation 12 and 13 also shows this sequence of events. Unable to further persecute the child who escaped from the dragon, it attacked the woman and her other children.
The Jews were supposed to understand the prophecy that was fulfilled while they had the covenant.
By the days of Jesus the Mar'eh was being fulfilled. Although Jesus tried to tell them that He was going to die they did not believe Him.
However, Jesus explained some of the chazon in Matthew 24 and advised us to understand Daniel, yet He still kept some details hidden about how long it would take.
- Daniel 8: 16. Gabriel, give this man an understanding of the vision.
- Daniel 8: 17. The vision pertains to the time of the end.
- Daniel 8: 26. The vision [mar'eh] of the evening and morning is true, but keep the vision [chazon] secret ...
- Daniel 8: 27.
And I Daniel fainted and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business;
and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.
It seems incredible that after the angel gives a detailed explanation of the vision that Daniel made this statement.
So what was not explained?
|Prophecy||Mar'eh Explained in Daniel 8||Destruction||Mar'eh Patterns|
|Ram ||Medo-Persian empire||Sanctuary trampled ||Lamb with 2 Horns ||Jesus (Lamb of God) |
|Two Horns||Kings of Media and Persia|
|Goat||Greek empire||Dragon from the sea||Satan |
|Great Horn||First king (Alexander the Great)|
|Four Horns||Breaks into four kingdoms|
|Little Horn||Fierce king ||Pope ||Eighth head|
|Sanctuary Trampled||Rome destroyed the sanctuary in 70 AD ||When Satan appears as the scapegoat in the false Second Coming, he may follow this pattern of the angry goat in his final attack |
|Great to heaven||Mighty but not by his own power|
|Magnified to Prince of Princes||Stands up against Jesus Christ. Makes himself a human god ||Host (Jews and Christians) trampled|
|Cast down stars||Destroys the mighty and holy people|
|The host was given to it with the daily ||Host. Destroys the mighty and holy people|
| ||Daily. Papal Rome assumed the role of priest and intercessor of the continual ||Times, laws and signs trampled ||Breaks first four commandments. |
» Sabbath changed
» Passover changed
» Day, month, year changed
|Removed the continual from the Commander||His policy causes craft and deceit to succeed. Sacrifices stopped in the sanctuary |
|Magnifies Himself ||Removes laws, changes times and laws|
|Sanctuary restored||He is broken without hand (human agency) ||Defeated by God ||Second Coming|
|2300 days||Not Explained ||Sanctuary Restored|
- Daniel 10: 1. but he understood the message and had an understanding of the vision.
| Type of Vision |
| Chapter || Type |
| Daniel 8: 1-2 || Chazon |
| Daniel 8: 13 || Chazon |
| Daniel 8: 15 || Chazon |
| Daniel 8: 16 || Mar'eh |
| Daniel 8: 17 || Mar'eh |
| Daniel 8: 26 || Mar'eh |
| Chazon |
| Daniel 8: 27 || Mar'eh |
| Daniel 9: 21 || Chazon |
| Daniel 9: 23 || Chazon |
| Daniel 9: 24 || Chazon |
| Daniel 10: 1 || Mar'eh |
| Daniel 10: 7,8|| Mar'ah |
| Daniel 10: 16 || Mar'eh |
| Daniel 10: 14 || Chazon |
| Daniel 11 || Chazon |
- Daniel 10: 7-8, 16. Now I Daniel alone saw the vision, while the men who were with me did not see the vision; nevertheless a great dread fell on them, and they ran away to hide themselves.
So I was left alone and saw this great vision; yet no strength was left in me, for my natural color turned to a deathly pallor and I retained no strength.
- Chazon (הזוך). Means: Mental sight, dream, revelation, oracle or vision.
It refers to the long vision of 2300 days which starts with the Persian empire and concludes at the time of the end.
The prophecies that were fulfilled after they lost the covenant to the Gentiles were to be kept secret. The next temple, that has not been built yet, will also be destroyed and they will be exiled again.
- Daniel 8: 1-2. A vision appeared to me. I looked in the vision.
- Daniel 8: 13. How long will the vision about the continual [tamid] apply.
- Daniel 8: 15. When I, Daniel had seen the vision, I sought to understand it.
- Daniel 8: 26. The vision [mar'eh] of the evening and morning is true, but keep the vision [chazon] secret for it pertains to many days in the future.
He did not explain the Messiah.
Daniel explained the political events of the mar'eh without reference to the time division, or the religious aspects of the work of the Messiah during this period.
This vision included the Persians and the Greeks. But it also appears to give some of the highlights of the chazon.
But he gave no information about the details at the end of the chazon as Daniel 11.
- Daniel 9: 23. I have come to tell you, for you are highly esteemed; so give heed to the message and gain understanding of the vision.
Although some of the vision was interpreted, according to Daniel 8: 27, Daniel did not understand some of the vision. Which part?
The only unexplained part was the previous vision of the 2300 days and the cleansing of the sanctuary in Daniel 8.
Gabriel had already explained the meaning of the ram, goat, horns and the little horn. Only the time prophecy was not explained.
As further proof that it is the 2300 day time prophecy that was not explained, we find Gabriel beginning his explanation in chapter 9
with a reference to a time prophecy.
Gabriel now explains how the time prophecy is related to the mar'eh of the 2300 days and what happens to the Jewish people.
- Daniel 10: 14. Now I have come to give you understanding of what will happen to your people in the latter days, for the vision pertains to the future days.
Then chapter 11 gives the details of the vision of the 2300 days.
- Daniel 11. According to chapter 10: 14, the angel came to explain the "chazon". All of chapter 11 to 12 is the detail about the 2300 days.
The Babylonian Captivity
This event set in motion a time table which led to the first coming of the Messiah.
Since prophecy is full of signs and repetitions, this may also be a template of the Second Coming of the Messiah to rescue us from captivity under Babylon the Great and resolve the problem of sin.
In the final exodus from Babylon, the decree to rebuild Jerusalem will be issued by God and it must be related to the latter rain and the declaration at the beginning of the seven last plagues that all the righteous at that point will be accounted righteous forever.
It took three decrees to reach the point to count down the 490 years.
It takes three proclamations to restore, rebuild and finish the city. This is what is called the three angel's message.
|(70 Periods of Time) ||Unknown Time ||(490 Periods of Time) |
|Babylonian Captivity ||Freedom||Delays || Decree ||End Sin || ||Messiah Comes |
|Control ||Slaves in Babylon || Exodus ||Rebuild Jerusalem ||483 Days||3.5 Days||3.5 Days |
|Slaves in Babylon the Great|| Evangelism || 130 Days|| 360 Days (Seven Last Plagues)|
- First Angel (Restore). Turn to God as the creator. Restore His laws and truths.
- Second Angel (Rebuild). Get out of Babylon. A final urgent call to the people who are the temple to come out.
- Third Angel (Finish). It is finished! The plagues will fall on those with the mark of the beast.
The Seventy Year Prophecy Of Jeremiah (Daniel 9: 1-2)
... When seventy years have completed for Babylon, I will visit you and fulfill my good Word to you, to bring you back to this place ...
(Jeremiah 29: 10-15)
» Land Sabbaths Violated. This punishment was given because they violated the covenant to keep the Sabbaths.
to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, until
the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths, all the days of its desolation it kept Sabbath until seventy years were complete. Verse 21.
(2 Chronicles 36: 14-21)
According to Leviticus 25: 3-4, the land must rest every seven years. For 420 years they did not observe the Sabbaths of the land
so, during the captivity, God gave back the land all the Sabbaths that it should have rested, seventy years.
The dates show that the apostasy started around the time the temple was built and the covenant was read to the people.
|12 Disobedient Tribes ||Assyrian Captivity ||Captive and Scattered in Babylon ||Persia |
| 1025 BC || Temple Built || 985 ||Kingdom Divided || 721 ||10 Tribes || 609 ||2 Tribes || 586 || Temple Destroyed || 539 BC |
| Apostasy (420 Years)||Desolate Land Enjoys Sabbath (70 Years) |
Daniel's Prayer of Repentance For Israel (Daniel 9: 3-19)
Daniel's prayer is structured according to the covenant curses.
He recognizes that the people are in captivity because they had repeatedly violated the terms of the covenant
and were now suffering the condemnation of the final curse, which is the wrath of God.
Daniel acknowledged their sin and the right of God to give them this punishment under the legal terms of the covenant.
And if you will not listen to Me after all this, but walk against Me, then I will walk against you with fury [wrath].
... and I will make your cities waste and bring your sanctuaries to desolation.
... And I will scatter you among the heathen.
... Then shall the land enjoy her Sabbaths as long as it lies desolate and you are in your enemies' land.
(Leviticus 26: 27-35)
- Covenant. God keeps covenant and mercy to them that keep His Commandments. (verse 4)
- Disobedience. Israel had not obeyed God, nor kept His laws. (verse 10)
- Righteousness of God. He acknowledges the righteousness of God in His works. God was not unfaithful, Israel was. (verse 14)
|The Wrath of God
|Seventy Year Domination|
|609||Battle of Megiddo|
|606||Babylon invades Judah|
|597||Ruling class exiled|
|539||Conquered by Persia|
|536||Zerubbabel sent to Jerusalem|
|516||New temple dedicated|
|Event ||Fulfillment |
|Cities Wasted ||Jerusalem destroyed |
|Sanctuary Destroyed ||Temple destroyed in 586-516BC |
|People Scattered ||Exiled to Babylon |
|Land Keeps Sabbath ||70 Years (609-539) |
- Wrath. Daniel acknowledges the people's sins and the right of God to send His wrath. (verse 11, 15- 16)
- Forgiveness. He pleads for forgiveness and the restoration of the sanctuary and Jerusalem. (verse 17-19)
490 Year Prophecy Of The Messiah
Jewish Period Ending.
"Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place.
The Messiah Comes.
"So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress.
"Then after the sixty two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
"And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate."
(Daniel 9: 24-27)
490 Years. Seventy Weeks. (Daniel 9: 24)
Remember that the angel came specifically to explain the 2300 days that were not explained in the previous vision.
seventy weeks are determined. (Daniel 9: 24)
| 2300 days (Daniel 8: 14) |
| Daniel 9: 25, 26 (70 Weeks Cut Off) Daniel 9: 27
|| 1810 days |
| 69 Prophetic Weeks
|| 1 Prophetic Week |
|| 1810 years
| 483 Years
|| 7 Years |
|457 BC decree to restore Jerusalem
||27 AD Baptism
|Gospel to the Jews
|Stephen is stoned
The word "determined" is translated from the Hebrew word 'chathak' which means 'cut off'.
So, the seventy weeks are 'cut off' from the time 2300 year prophecy that Gabriel is explaining for Daniel.
Seventy weeks were given to the Jewish nation.
They had just suffered the wrath of God for one series of disobedience when God allowed them to go into captivity under the Babylonians.
Their final probationary period would last from the time they paid the penalty for disobedience until
they once again filled up the cup of the wrath of God.
This would happen when they rejected the Messiah who was to appear at the end of this time period.
Time seems to resolve events in chunks of 490 to 500 years, jubilee time. In fact, the famous 1260 year period is half of five of these periods. This makes it related to the five cycles of curses and half way between the time of freedom.
Our prophecy is concerned with the period after the Babylonian captivity was over.
|490 Years ||490 Years ||490 Years ||490 Years ||-|| 490 Years ||-||490 Years
|After Babel ||430 ||40 ||370 ||120 ||420 ||70 Years ||483 ||7 Years||34 AD ||Gentiles Called ||538 AD
|Abraham ||Egypt||Exodus ||Judges||Kings ||Rebellion||Babylon ||The End||Messiah ||Christians ||Captivity
- Adam to Noah (1656 Years). Sin occurred before the year 130, the birth of Seth. Noah preached for 120 years.
So for about 1500 years after sin or 1500 years before God began warning about judgment, the world experienced three sets of this time period.
- Abraham to Israel (500 Years). Jacob (Israel) was born and it was about 500 years since the flood.
- Israel in Egypt (430 + 40 Years). It was about 500 years from Jacob to the Promised Land (Genesis 15: 13).
- Judges and Kings (500 Years). They ruled an undivided land for about 500 years (1 Kings 6: 1).
- Divided Land (500 Years). The land was divided and then the people were carried off to captivity.
- Before Messiah (500 Years). They were to wait for the Messiah while under occupation.
- After Messiah (500 Years). The two branches descended into apostasy until 538 AD when they were captured.
- Papal Rome (1260 Years). For 2.5 sets of 500 years, the church was under occupation.
- Modern Time (? Years). How long do we have?
- Millennium (1000 Years). There are two sets of this time period after the Second Coming.
The First 483 Years (Sixty Nine Weeks). The Decree of 457 BC (Daniel 9: 25)
So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty two weeks;
it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. (Daniel 9: 25)
The decree to 'restore and rebuild' Jerusalem. There were three decrees for restoring Jerusalem and the temple:
- Rebuild The Temple.
- Ezra 1: 1-4. First decree by Cyrus in 538-537 BC.
- Ezra 6: 7-12. Second decree by Darius (519 BC).
- Restore The Temple Treasures And Rebuild The City And Walls.
- Ezra 7: 11-12. Final decree by Artaxerxes in 457 BC provided the finances to do whatever they wanted. It restored the stolen furnishings and treasures.
This provided money for the sacrifices, the vessels taken from the sanctuary and allowed people to go back to Jerusalem.
Ezra also used his authority to rebuild the city (Ezra 4: 12, 21).
As part of this effort to rebuild Jerusalem and its temple, Artaxerxes also allowed Nehemiah to go and rebuild the walls in his twentieth year (Nehemiah 2: 1).
|Kings of Persia|
|Cyrus II the Great||559-530||538 BC||Ezra 1: 1-4 |
|Darius the Mede||539-536||None|
|Cambyses II||529-522 |
|Bardiya (Smerdis)||522 |
|Darius 1||522-486||519 BC||Ezra 6: 7-12 |
|Xerxes 1 (Ahasuerus)||486-465||Married Esther|
|Artaxerxes 1 (Longimanus)||465-425||457 BC ||Ezra 7: 11-12 |
|444 BC ||Nehemiah 2: 1|
|Xerxes 2 ||424||None|
|Darius 2 ||423-405 |
|Artaxerxes 2 ||404-359|
|Artaxerxes 3 ||358-338 |
|Arses ||337-336 |
|Darius 3 ||335-330 |
|Alexander the Great||330-323||Greek Empire|
|Cyrus left Darius the Mede in charge as governor|
|Achaemenes, Teispes, Cyrus 1 and Cambyses ruled before the conquest of Babylon|
The final decree in 457 BC restored the government of Israel to full authority and it is the starting point of the prophecy.
The first two had dealt only with rebuilding the temple.
It was not until the decrees of Artaxerxes in 457 BC that full restoration of the city occurred
(Ezra 7: 21-28).
Ezra recognized that the combination of the three decrees of Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes were required.
And they builded it and finished it according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus and Darius and Artaxerxes king of Persia.
(Ezra 6: 14)
» The Seventh Year of Artaxerxes. How do we know that the third decree was in 457 BC?
The key is determining the seventh year of the reign of Artaxerxes.
The Timing. He came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king.
For on the first of the first month he began to go up from Babylon; and on the first of the fifth month he came to Jerusalem, because the good hand of his God was upon him.
For Ezra has set his heart to study the law of the Lord and to practise it, and to teach His statutes and ordinances in Israel.
The Decree of Artaxerxes.
Now this is a copy of the decree which king Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest, the scribe, learned in the words of the commandments of the Lord and His statutes to Israel.
Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of God in heaven, perfect peace.
And now I have issued a decree that any of the people of Israel and their priests and the Levites in my kingdom who are willing to go to Jerusalem may go with you.
I, even I, king Artaxerxes, issue a decree to all the treasurers who are beyond the river, that whatever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, may require of you, it shall be done diligently.
(Ezra 7: 8-13, 21)
Ezra went to Jerusalem in this year. Artaxerxes ruled from 465 to 425 BC.
We can calculate this from the following historical documents.
- Ptolemy's Canon. Documents the reigns of kings as far back as the seventh century BC and through the Roman empire. It lists the king, number of years he reigned and the number of years since the reign of Nabonassar.
Artaxerxes ruled for 41 years, between 283-324 years after the rule of Nabonassar. Since the list continues through the Roman empire we can work backward from known dates of the reign of the Roman emperors. His reign ended 437 years before the end of Augustus Caesar's reign (27 BC to August 14 AD).
- Olympiad Dates. Classical historians accurately preserved Olympiad dates for Artaxerxes. These were transmitted from Xenophon and Thucydides through Plutarch to the Christian chronographer Julius Africanus.
Artaxerxes started ruling in the fourth year of the seventy eighth olympiad (78.4) which is 465 BC.
- Cuneiform Text. (Compiled by Parker and Duberstein), Archeological findings of Babylonian Cuneiform texts providing a relatively complete catalog of dates for kings who ruled there from 626 BC to 75 AD.
Counting backwards from the relative dates shows that be began to rule in 465 BC.
- Elephantine Papyri. Records written by Jews who lived on the island of Elephantine, in southern Egypt, during the Persian period. The dates were recorded with both the Persian-Babylonian lunar calendar and the Egyptian solar calendar dates. So this helps to fix the time of reign of Artaxerxes to our dating system.
The records include sales and loans and other business transactions which are dated in the day, month, and year of the ruling king.
Several papyri show that his seventh year was between 458-457 BC.
The prophecy starts with the giving of the commandment and reaches to the Messiah 69 years later.
This is the seven and sixty two weeks.
Some have speculated about why the prophecy divides the time into two sections and what happened in the seven weeks (49 real years).
The answer could simply be their way of expression just as the old English expression of "three score and two years" means sixty two years.
Whatever the reason that period of time is not necessary for understanding the starting point of the prophecy.
Most people believe that this time was related to the building of the temple.
The prophecy makes no claims about what would be done during the seven years.
John adds to the mystery by giving a time period that is almost equal to this time.
Then the Jews said, forty and six years was the temple in building, and will you rear it up in three days?
(John 2: 20)
- Zerubabbel's Temple.
It is impossible to tell when this forty six years started and ended.
If we count back from the sixth year of Darius when the temple was finished, we actually
arrive at the year 561 BC This is before their captivity ended.
It was actually 23 years from Cyrus' command to the completion of the temple in the sixth year of Darius.
It was 93 years until the wall was rebuilt and even then the houses were not rebuilt.
- Herod's Temple.
It was in existence at the time of Christ and is not the same temple that was built after the Babylonian captivity.
A bigger temple was built around the existing structure and this took forty six years to build at the time they made that statement.
History claims that the remodeling occurred between 20 BC and 63 AD.
So, the most likely explanation was that John referred to the restoration efforts by Herod that improved the original structure.
However, the answer to the riddle is not important.
The start of the 69 weeks is dated from the commandment to rebuild, not the successful completion of the building project.
And it clearly states the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem not just the temple.
» What Is The Correct Decree?
Some interpreters place the important decree with Nehemiah, not Ezra, since that decree specifically addressed building the city and they date the decree to rebuild from this year (445/444 BC).
Times of Distress. it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. (Daniel 9: 25)
The prophecy states that the rebuilding will be done under distress. Historically, this is what happened.
|Cyrus II ||Darius I ||Artaxerxes I|
| ||Work Stops
|(538/7) Decree 1||(519) Decree 2||(458/7) City, walls, temple||(445/4) Finishes walls in 52 days|
|Zerubabbel: Foundation and Temple ||Ezra||Nehemiah|
|Ezra 6: 3-4; 5: 16 ||Ezra 4:21-24 ||Ezra 4: 24; 6: 15||Ezra 4:12; 7: 8-13, 21 ||Nehemiah 2: 1-6; 6: 15|
|Sporadic Rebuilding||Times of Distress|
|Jesus is Destroyed and Raised Up||Disciples Wait||Pentecost (52 Days)|
|Jesus Lays the Foundation and Opens Temple ||Church is Built at the End of Time||Plagues (52 Weeks)|
- Nehemiah's Decree (444/5 BC). He used his authority to rebuild the walls. This decree appears to grant more power to complete the reforms that began with Ezra. The work was being delayed by the surrounding nations.
» Too Late. If this was the decree that began the fulfillment of prophecy, it places the crucifixion in 41-44 AD.
- Ezra's Decree (457 BC). Since the fulfillment begins with the decree to rebuild the city, critics claim that Ezra's decree only authorized the building of the temple, not the city.
| Jesus as Zerubabbel|
The experience of Zerubabbel is a type of Christ. He will lay the foundation of the Temple of God and finish it after His enemies try to stop the work.
» One Year of Building.
The 52 days represent either the 52 weeks when we will be protected from the seven last plagues or the 52 weeks when we will accomplish the great evangelism that will build the final church.
But this decree fulfilled both parts of the prophecy to "restore and rebuild". It restored the treasures of the temple and gave finances to rebuild. Apparently, Ezra also used his authority to rebuild the city until the work was stopped.
Nehemiah's authorization letter gave him permission to resume the work and he built the wall.
Rebuilding the City and Walls. Let it be know to the king that the Jews who came up from you have gone have come to us at Jerusalem; they are rebuilding the rebellious and evil city and are finishing the walls and repairing the foundations.
Stop Work Order. So now issue a decree to make these men stop work, that the city may not be rebuilt until a decree is issued by me.
Unfinished Temple. Then work on the house of God in Jerusalem ceased, and it was stopped until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.
(Ezra 4: 12, 21, 24)
The efforts were stopped because of jealousy (Ezra 4: 19-24). This is not the efforts of Nehemiah because Nehemiah finished the walls. But it shows that the people who went up before Nehemiah, during the reign of Artaxerxes, were building the city, not just the temple.
The temple was finished by the time of Ezra's decree and all that was needed was to restore the temple articles, finish the city and walls and any supporting structures of the temple.
| Jesus as Nehemiah|
» 52 Days of Building the Church.
There are 52 days from the crucifixion to Pentecost.
Nehemiah 4: 16-17 says that they had to rebuild the walls with half the people as armed guards.
Ezra also records the attempts to stop the building. Their enemies succeeded in convincing Xerxes that the Jews
would cause trouble. Consequently, two previous commandments to rebuild were not obeyed because of the delaying tactics of the enemy.
Then the people of the land discouraged the people of Judah, and frightened them from building.
And hired counselors against them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia.
(Ezra 4: 4-5)
The Last Seven Years (The Seventieth Week)
|483 Years ||7 Years |
|7 Weeks ||62 Weeks ||1 Week|
|69 Weeks ||Messiah |
Sixty nine of the seventy weeks elapsed from the decree to rebuild until the Messiah. The Messiah appears during the final week.
This is represented by the seven day feast of unleavened bread. The Jews had seven years to remove sin.
The Gospel commission was only given to the Christians after they rejected the disciples.
Then they had forty years of wandering before the wrath of God fell again on their temple in 70 AD.
- The Anointing (27 AD)
until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty two weeks. (Daniel 9: 25)
The word Messiah means the "anointed one".
Christ did not officially become the Messiah until the anointing which occurred at the baptism.
Anointing is done with oil, which is a symbol of the Holy Spirit.
He was baptized by water and by the Holy Spirit who descended in the form of a dove.
| The Reign of Tiberius Caesar |
(13 or 14 to 37 AD)
Augustus Caesar ruled from 27 BC and died on 19 August 14 AD. His chosen biological heirs were dead by 4 BC. He was succeeded by his stepson, Tiberius. The senate confirmed his position on September 18.
He was adopted in 4 AD and the senate approved him as proconsul and tribune to eliminate the problem of hereditary transfer of power. He became co-emperor with Augustus in 13 AD when his health was failing
Then Jesus arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to John to be baptized by him.
But John tried to prevent Him saying "I have need to be baptized by You, and do You come to me?"
But Jesus answering said to Him, "Permit it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness." Then he permitted Him.
After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and look, the heavens were opened, and he saw the
Spirit of God descending as a dove and coming on Him.
and look, a voice out of the heavens said, "This is my beloved son in whom I am well pleased".
(Matthew 3: 13-17).
The seven prophetic weeks or 49 real years went from 457BC to 408BC.
The 62 weeks or 434 years went from 408 BC to 27 AD.
What happened in 27 AD?
- It was the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar. (Luke 3: 1-3)
- Jesus became the Messiah at His baptism. (John 1: 41)
- The baptism of Jesus. (Luke 3: 21-22)
- God anointed Jesus with the Holy Ghost. (Acts 10: 38)
- "eager expectation." There was messianic hope among the people. (Luke 3: 15). Probably because they believed that the Messiah would come in the seventy seventh generation after Adam.
- Jesus announced the fulfillment of a time prophecy. (Mark 1: 14-15)
But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His son, born of a woman, born under the law. (Galatians 4: 4)
- The first Passover after He began His ministry, the people said that it was 46 years since the temple was being built (John 2: 20).
Herod began the remodeling in 20/19 BC. So 46 years later was 27 AD.
- The Crucifixion (31 AD)
and after the 62 weeks, shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself. (Daniel 9: 26)
|The Evidence for Christ|
|Decree ||Sixty nine weeks after any of the decrees ended during 54-47 BC to 27-34 AD. Only Jesus appeared in this time |
|Other Messiahs ||Other Messiahs appear too late or too early |
|Legacy ||No movement survives all other possible candidates |
|History ||Christianity is the leading religion |
|Talmud ||Messiah must come during the second temple period. (Sanhedrin 99:a) |
Circumcision (Cut off).
The Prince of the Covenant would be cut off in the same way as the sign of the initiation into the covenant.
His human body would be cut off like the foreskin so that He could keep the covenant.
He will die after the sixty two weeks for the sins of others. Later we will learn which year and what day and time.
... "But Not for Himself". Jesus died for the sins of the world.
but not for himself can also be translated as and have nothing.
Sometime after the 62 weeks, after 27 AD, Christ was indeed "cut off" (Hebrew "Karath" - which means "cut off", "kill" ), and he literally had nothing - even his disciples forsook him at that time.
But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
(Matthew 26: 56)
... and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary.
And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
(Daniel 9: 26)
Multiplicity. The word "Prince" refers to these people.
- Jesus: Prince Of The Covenant.
The Messiah is the Prince of the Covenant who would be destroyed with an army like a flood (Daniel 11: 22 and Daniel 9: 25).
With this covenant, He came to make peace between heaven and earth by offering Himself as the permanent sacrifice.
- People Destroyed The Sanctuary.
The Jews are the people of the Prince who destroyed Him. They destroyed His body which He referred to as the sanctuary.
"Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up". ... But He was speaking of the temple of His body. (John 2: 19, 21).
- People Destroyed The City.
The people destroyed the city when they scattered the disciples who are the foundation of the city that Jesus is building.
When the disciples were scattered, it literally caused a breach in the walls so that the attacking forces could destroy the sanctuary within the city.
And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
(Revelation 21: 14)
Titus: Prince Of The Roman Army (Destroyed the Temple in 70 AD).
The total desolation of Jerusalem occurred as predicted.
Water represents people, and a flood represents people coming by force.
The Roman army came like a flood and the war desolated and destroyed the sanctuary building.
Having rejected God's Messiah, the temple was destroyed by the Roman Legions under General Titus in 70 AD. He would become the next emperor.
- Hadrian: Prince of Rome (Destroyed the City in 136 AD). He tore down, ploughed up, renamed the city and then exiled Israel.
Satan: Prince Of This World (Destroyed Jesus). John 16: 11, 1 Corinthians 2: 6-8, Ephesians 2: 2
But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory:
Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
(1 Corinthians 2: 7-8)
This clear fulfillment of prophecy demonstrates that although it takes a series of people who represent the state, prophecy identifies the state as the entity which fulfills the prophecy.
So the "prince of the city" is in fact many princes who may even be described as "the people of the prince".
|Three Days and Nights in the Bowel|
|Thursday ||Friday ||Saturday ||Sunday |
|Night 1 ||Day 1 ||Night 2 ||Day 2 ||Night 3 ||Day 3 |
|Nissan 14 ||Nissan 15 ||Nissan 16 |
|Lamb Killed ||Sabbath ||Wavesheaf |
|Tortured, Killed ||Buried ||Resurrection |
|Boil and Eat ||Swallow ||Vomit |
| Jesus in the Bowels |
| Jonah in the Belly of the Fish |
|Jonah 1: 14-16 ||Jonah 1: 17 ||Jonah 2: 10 |
A high Sabbath is the merging of two Sabbaths when the Sabbath of a feast day occurs on the Weekly Sabbath.
Multiplicity. The "Flood" refers to these forces.
And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.
(Daniel 11: 22)
- Roman Army. Jesus is the Prince of the Covenant who was broken by the Roman army.
Captured by a legion of soldiers in Gethsemane. He was tried and crucified by the Romans that day.
Revenge will be meted out on the armies by a flood.
- Mount Vesuvius. The Roman army was destroyed by lave (79 AD).
- Jesus' Army. Jesus leads an army from heaven to rescue the righteous and destroy the works of Satan (Revelation 19).
- Hell Fire. This is the flood against Satan and the beast after the final judgment.
The End Of The Second Temple Period.
Apparently, the Talmud states the following.
"Messiah must come during second temple period". (Sanhedrin 99:a).
The second temple period ended in 70 AD when the Romans destroyed it.
When was Jesus crucified?
It was the day before a high Sabbath. This means that the Passover Sabbath occurred on the same day as the weekly Sabbath.
Unfortunately, our current Jewish calendars and astronomical calculations cannot confirm a high Sabbath during these years.
Why? It is because the Jews had a calendar reform in 135 AD and we do not know how this change affected previous calendars.
Therefore, anyone who attempts to calculate feast days by counting back from current calendars will be incorrect for any years before 135 AD.
The Jewish day was from sunset to sunset.
Jesus was killed on Nissan 14. This is Thursday night through Friday evening.
Nissan 15 was the second day of Passover. This is a feast Sabbath. It was also the weekly Sabbath.
The Impossible Solar Eclipse of 14 Nisan 31 AD.
Historical records cannot tell us when the crucifixion occurred.
Various religious groups place it somewhere between 28 and 34 AD.
Some try to prove their argument by trying to calculate when a solar eclipse might have been visible over Jerusalem within a ten year period that should cover His death.
But such proof is scientifically impossible.
Because the Jewish calendar was a lunar calendar, we are positive that Jesus died during a full moon. Nisan 14-15 occurs on a full moon every time.
The darkness that occurred during the crucifixion could not have been the result of a normal solar eclipse because solar eclipses only happen during a new moon!
In addition, since a full moon is half way between new moons, the Passover is scientifically the worst possible time for a solar eclipse to occur.
So the dark day was a miracle that was caused by forces we do not understand.
The Ministry Of One Righteous Life - Daniel 9: 27.
Jesus fulfilled this prophecy.
and he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week. (Daniel 9: 27)
The entire Bible is about this covenant. The "Messiah" or "Christ" is the Prince of this covenant and the use of the word Messiah in verse 25 is a clue that this prophecy is about the fulfillment of the eternal covenant.
Verse 27 confirms this.
Therefore, this covenant is God's covenant, not a future peace treaty by Antichrist.
|The Gap Theory Error|
|1||Jesus confirms the covenant for one week |
| The Antichrist makes a seven year peace treaty with Israel |
|2||Jesus causes animal sacrifices to stop |
| The Antichrist stops all sacrifices when he breaks the treaty after three and a half years. |
|3||Jesus and the temple were desolated |
| The Antichrist persecutes. |
|4||Jesus is the temple and the sacrifice |
| The temple must be rebuilt and sacrifices restarted |
|The Gap Theory assigns this prophecy to the Antichrist and interprets the three points of verse 27 as we describe above.
» The Final Week: (A Global Fulfillment).
This week is the final seven years of the 490 year prophecy.
Jesus confirmed the covenant with "many" of the Jewish people for the period of his ministry (3½ years) and then after his crucifixion and resurrection, through the early Church for another 3½ years until the stoning of Stephen after which time the gospel was taken to the Gentiles.
Jesus Confirms For The First 3.5 Years. Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made to the fathers. (Romans 15: 8)
Disciples Confirm For The Last 3.5 Years. How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by them that heard him. (Hebrews 2: 3)
» The Final Week (A Local Fulfillment).
This week is the final week of His life.
His ministry lasted 3.5 years of seven years. But when He came to Jerusalem on the donkey for the final Passover the events lasted one week and He was "in the bowels of the earth" in the middle of the week.
The events mimicked the seven year period.
|Monday ||3.5 Days Teaching||Thursday Night ||3.5 Days in the Bowels ||Resurrection||Sunday Evening|
|27 AD ||3.5 Years Jesus Preaches to the Jews ||3.5 Years Disciples Preach to the Jews ||34 AD |
|Seed ||Fruit Tree Grows for 3 Years||Fruit Tree Grows for Three Years || |
Wheel Within A Wheel.
This is an example of a long prophecy that is partially copied locally when a major event occurs that is a part of its fulfillment.
The remarkable events of that final week and final seven years mimic each other because they are based on the law.
The first fruits must be offered to God after the third year.
|457 BC ||490 Years||1810 Years ||1844 AD |
|Covenant with the Jews||Covenant with the Gentiles|
Plant Fruit. When you enter the land and plant all kinds of trees for food, then you shall count their fruit as forbidden.
Three years it shall be forbidden to you; it shall not be eaten.
First Fruits. But in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, an offering of praise to the Lord.
Harvest Belongs to the People. In the fifth year you are to eat of its fruit, that its yield may increase for you, I am the Lord your God.
(Leviticus 19: 23-25)
Ministers Exclusively to Israel.
These twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them: "Do not go in the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter any city of the Samaritans;
but rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
And as you go, preach, saying, 'The kingdom of heaven is at hand.'
(Matthew 10: 5-7)
The last week of His life mimicked the last seven years of the covenant with Israel.
When God came to examine the fruit there was only one righteous seed that the people had already eaten for themselves and planted in the ground.
All the major events that pointed to the end of the covenant with the Jews followed an important 3.5 year period.
- Crucifixion (31 AD). Messiah destroyed after 3.5 years of ministry.
- Covenant Lost (34 AD). Gospel officially goes to the Gentiles after 3.5 years.
- Temple Destroyed (70 AD). This followed the first Jewish revolt and a 3.5 year siege (66-70 AD).
- Exile and Destruction of Jerusalem (136 AD). This followed the second Jewish revolt for 3.5 years by Bar Kokabah, the failed Messiah accepted by the Jews (132-135 AD).
Three and a Half Years.
How do we know that Christ worked for three and a half years?
First, this prophecy sets the time between His anointing and "cutting off" as half a week.
Secondly, the gospels also verify some of this.
- Beginning of Ministry.
Jesus started His ministry at His baptism and His anointing at the age of thirty. In another lesson we prove that He was born during the Feast of Tabernacles.
When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age.
(Luke 3: 23).
- End Of Ministry. His ministry ended during the Passover when He was crucified.
- Duration Of Ministry. He worked as the Good Shepherd for about three Passovers.
|6 Months || Year 1 ||Year 2 ||Year 3|
|30 Years Old (Luke 3: 23) ||31 Years Old ||32 Years Old ||33 Years Old|
|Tabernacles ||Passover ||Passover? ||Passover ||Passover|
|Baptism ||Cleansed the temple |
(John 2: 13-15)
|Heals on the Sabbath |
(John 5: 1,9)
|Five loaves, two fishes |
(John 6: 4,9)
(John 11: 55-57)
|Good Shepherd ||Drove Away Wolves ||Heals The Sheep ||Feeds The Sheep ||Died For Us|
- Age At Death. He died at about the age of 33 as required by the prophecy of the unclean woman.
and in the middle of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and grain offering to cease. (Daniel 9: 27)
Christ paid the ultimate sacrifice. He was killed in the middle of this seven year period in 31 AD.
By doing so, he did away with the need for animal sacrifices and sin offerings.
He caused the Temple veil to be torn from top to bottom (Matthew 27: 51) symbolizing that man now could have access directly to God without priests through the atoning blood of his sacrifice.
No more was God shielded from man by the temple veil. Christ had paid the ultimate sacrifice for our sins. As a result he had fulfilled the shadow of the Mosaic sacrificial law.
Above when he said, sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin you would not, neither have pleasure in them; which are offered by the law: Then said he, Lo, I come to do your will, O God. He takes away the first, that he may establish the second. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
(Hebrews 10: 8-10)
Christ had "done away with" or "fulfilled" the sacrificial law, and had established His eternal covenant of "Grace". He paid the penalty for all of our sins and satisfied God's justice of requiring a blood sacrifice for sins.
» The Year, Date and Time He Died.
This prophecy tells us what year He would die. But another prophecy tells us what day and time.
This was the prophecy told by the Passover feast.
In the Passover, the lamb would die and the blood would cover all who trusted in it and they would be passed over by death.
So this is when the Messiah would die.
- Year. 31 AD 483 + 3½ years after the commandment to rebuild Jerusalem.
- Day. Nisan 14. On a Passover which occurred on a Friday that year.
- Time. 3 to 6 P.M. The time the Passover lamb was killed.
The sacrificial system also designated when the lamb would die.
It was "between the evening", after the sun started going down from its highest point at midday to sunset.
Curse and Abominations.
and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.
(Daniel 9: 27)
- Wing of Abominations. When abominations have spread over the land, vengeance will come.
- One Who Makes Desolate. A force that executes revenge will desolate the place of abominations.
- Decreed Destructions. These desolations are decreed by law. The curses promise a sword of vengeance and the destruction of the abominable thing.
- Complete Destruction. However, the destruction is not complete until all the guilty are destroyed.
- Desolator is Desolated. So the evil desolator will also be destroyed.
God brought about or allowed desolation's because of the unfaithfulness of Israel (Daniel 9: 11,18).
Just like the desolations that occurred when the Babylonians destroyed the city and the sanctuary;
this punishment would occur because of the covenant curse. They were hostile to God when they rejected the Messiah.
In fact, the greatest hostility to God is this killing of God.
So the desolations of the curse came.
The Romans destroyed the city and the sanctuary and killed over one million people in 70 AD (Matthew 24: 15).
This also prophetically applies as a type or foretaste of the coming desolation of the church at the hands of Papal Rome.
The Cross: (כנף) The Wings of Abomination (Abomination on Soaring Heights)
What does the phrase "wings of abomination" mean? Let us look at a Jewish translation of this verse in the book
"Daniel. Translation and Commentary by Rabbi Hersh Goldwurm. Page 265-267".
It states that the Hebrew word for wing is a metaphor for a "high place" just as a winged bird flies. (כנף)
|See how Christ Suffered the Curses for Us|
... and upon soaring heights will the mute abominations be.
Until exterminations as decreed will pour down on the abomination.
(Daniel 9: 27)
The abomination on soaring heights is the death of God on the cross. Even the cross looks like wings spread out.
If you look at the words of Jesus Christ in John 12: 32 you get the same image.
His death, lifted high on the cross is the abomination (the murder of God) that occurred on "soaring heights".
And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.
(John 12: 32)
However, it was this abominable death of an innocent that atoned for our sins and allows Him to draw us back to God.
How did Jesus become an abomination?
- He Became Sin.
He made Him who knew no sin to become sin for us ...
(2 Corinthians 5: 21)
- He Became the Abominable Serpent.
As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, so that whoever believes in Him will have eternal life.
(John 3: 14-15)
He became a symbol of Satan because He became sin. Salvation came from what seemed to be cursed.
- He Became A Curse.
Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us - for it is written, "cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree".
(Galatians 3: 13)
- He Became the Demon Goat. This was another symbol of Satan that was the sin offering.
- The Mute Abomination. He was silent. Normally, this refers to a dumb, lifeless idol that cannot talk.
Jesus also remained silent even when He was being oppressed and because they said He was guilty of blasphemy and lifted up immobile on the cross like a pedestal, He became the mute abomination.
... He was led as a sheep to slaughter; as a lamb before its shearer is silent; so He does not open His mouth.
(Acts 8: 32; Isaiah 53: 7)
The Final Curse: Desolations (The Decreed Exterminations)
Until exterminations as decreed will pour down on the abomination.
(Daniel 9: 27)
|The Abominations and Desolations|
|# ||Abomination ||Desolation |
|1 ||Jesus ||Became sin ||Body crucified, 31 AD |
|2 ||Jews ||Reject Christ ||Temple destroyed (70 AD) |
|Both Jesus and the Jews became abominations that were desolated.|
|3 ||Rome ||Destroy temple ||Mt. Vesuvius 79 AD |
|4 ||Wicked ||Destroy church ||Seven last plagues |
|See the lesson on the Blessings and Curses |
It is the covenant curse that decrees desolations and exterminations for abominations.
and I will make your cities as well as make your sanctuaries
desolate, and I will not smell your soothing aromas.
I will make the land desolate so that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled over it.
(Leviticus 26: 31-32)
This legal extermination for becoming an abomination occurred on two levels.
- Jesus. He was exterminated for becoming sin.
- Israel. The destruction of Jerusalem and the temple occurred because of their hostility to God.
Jesus interpreted their desolation as occurring when the sanctuary was destroyed.
They had an additional 3.5 years to fulfill the covenant.
After the last Passover the generation had an additional forty years to consider the events. Just as their ancestors wandered in the desert for forty years after the first Passover, they had forty years to accept their God after the last Passover (the crucifixion).
This final desolation happened when the Romans destroyed the temple in 70 AD.
It is not a future event over 2000 years later. It would be an event seen by that generation.
Therefore when you see the abomination of desolation which was spoken through Daniel the prophet standing in the Holy Place [let the reader understand],
then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.
(Matthew 24: 15-16)
But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is near.
(Luke 21: 20)
But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where it should not be [let the reader understand],
then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.
(Mark 13: 14)
Probation Ends - The Stoning of Stephen (34 AD)
At the end of the 490 years, the end of the seventieth week the time for the Jews was over.
The responsibility for teaching the world about the kingdom of God passed to another nation.
Look, your house is being left to you desolate.
(Matthew 23: 38)
At the end of this period, Stephen was stoned and he became the first Christian martyr.
The Jewish people had gotten Rome to kill Christ for them. But here, the Sanhedrin directly did the stoning!
Saul (Paul) was present at the stoning of Stephen and he was later called to go to the Gentiles. (Acts 7: 51-60)
The message was taken from the Jews and given to the Gentiles to become the light to spread the good news to all the earth. Prior to this, it was supposed to be the Jews who God intended to be the light bearers. But they rejected the truth and light given to them once too often, and lost that privilege.
(Acts 13: 46-47)
Therefore, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people producing the fruit of it.
(Matthew 21: 43)
» The Conversion of Paul. Except for the dating of the event by prophecy, we have no other evidence of the exact date that it occurred except that Paul's conversion can be dated around 33-34 AD.
He had been working for about 14 years, according to Galatians 2: 1 when he began his first missionary journey to Cyprus and met Sergius Paulus around 47-48 BC (Acts 13: 7).
A boundary stone listed his appointment as curator in Rome in 47 AD by emperor Claudius.
So he served as proconsul in Cyprus for three years and was then appointed as curator in Rome in 47 AD.
The Six Major Points Of Daniel 9: 24. The Work Of The Messiah
Gabriel made six major points in Daniel 9: 24.
Seventy weeks (490 years) are given to Israel and Jerusalem to confirm the covenant with these specific actions.
Jesus fulfilled them as the only faithful Jew.
|The Gap Theory Error|
The Gap Theory claims that Jesus did not accomplish all these six points.
Some groups claim none were completed others say only some were.
Therefore the prophetic clock stopped and the last seven years is ripped from the preceding 69 years and placed at the end of time.
Jesus and the Jews will fulfill this prophecy during the last seven years on earth.
|69 Weeks ||2000+ Year Gap||1 Week|
The period between is called the Gap.
The problem is that this is illogical. 69 + 2000 + 1 is not equal to seventy.
God could just have easily said 69 weeks. This theory makes it seem that God did not expect Jesus to fail at doing all the works.
So being surprised by the failure, He had to postpone the remaining time until the end.
The creative minds have begun to speculate that God counts time by covenants.
In this way they ignore huge gaps in time.
- Finish The Transgression (to end lawlessness).
Fill up the measure of the guilt of your fathers. (Matthew 23: 32)
They were about to tip the scale of disobedience and the final curse would be applied. But one righteous Jew would remain faithful.
- To Make An End Of Sins.
This was the period up to the end of the Jewish probation. They had this long to cease being lawless, and to follow God as He intended.
See Hebrews 9: 11-14; 10: 9-14.
... but now once in the end of the world He has appeared in the world to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. (Hebrews 9: 26)
See Hebrews 5: 9.
One righteous man can be exchanged for many and end all sin. This is fair because one disobedient man brought this punishment on the world.
- To Make Reconciliation For Iniquity. Jesus did this at the cross.
For if, when we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of His son,
much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.
(Romans 5: 8-11 (Verse 10))
And all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself by Jesus Christ. (2 Corinthians 5: 17-20)
See Colossians 1: 20-21
- To bring in everlasting righteousness. Jesus did this at the Cross when He introduced righteousness by faith.
See Romans 3: 21-26; 4: 13; 5: 17-19.
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Romans 5: 19
- To Seal Up The Vision And Prophecy. By clearly demonstrating the fulfillment of the 490 years (70 weeks) prophecy, Jesus "sealed" or confirmed the accuracy of the overall prophecy of Daniel 8 and 9. So He "sealed" or authenticated and validated the vision and the prophecy for us. Since the 70 week portion of the 2300 years was confirmed on earth with such startling accuracy, we should have equal confidence to unearth the fulfillment for the end of the 2300 years.
- To Anoint The Most Holy.
and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of Heaven.
"You are My beloved Son, in You I am well pleased".
(Luke 3: 22)
The Hebrew can read Most Holy One or Most Holy. As we learned Jesus was the Holy one of God that was anointed 27 AD. at His baptism when the Holy Spirit descended on Him.
Christ went up to heaven after His resurrection to inaugurate the real sanctuary in heaven and begin His ministry as the high priest,
when he presented Himself as the wavesheaf at His resurrection.
So it is possible that this prophecy means that He anointed the sanctuary in heaven. The Most Holy One anointed the Most Holy Place.
Just as the prophecy indicated, Christ's anointing occurred and the beginning of the sanctuary ministry in heaven occurred within the 70 weeks.
1844: The Cleansing Of The Sanctuary
Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said to that certain saint which spoke, How long shall be the vision about the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said to me, to two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed [restored to its rightful state].
(Daniel 8: 13-14)
The cleansing of the sanctuary occurred on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16: 29-31, 33, 34).
On this day, the high priest entered the Most Holy Place, symbolically transferred the accumulated sins from the sanctuary (the temple) to the scapegoat, and he then banished the scapegoat to the desert.
(Leviticus 16: 10, 29, 30)
In the Hebrew tradition it was the last day in which they could be sealed and have their names kept in the book of life!
|Captivity in Babylon
||2300 Days (Daniel 8: 14) (Chazon)
||Time Of The End
| Daniel 9: 25, 26 ||Daniel 9: 27 ||Daniel 8: 14
|| Sanctuary Cleansed or Restored
|| Second Coming
|| Scape goat
| (Mar'eh) 70 Weeks (490 Years) Cut Off ||Revenge ||-
| 69 Weeks (483 Years)
||1 week (7 Years) ||1810 Years
||Ministry To Jews
|70 Years|| 483 Years ||3½ Years
||40 Years || -
|70 Years||457 BC ||27 AD||31AD || 34 AD || 70 AD ||136|| 1844||Now||Azazel Banished |
|- ||Passover ||Day of Atonement|
The 2300 years and the 490 years both start at the same time. Therefore, 490 years are "cut out" from the 2300.
2300 - 490 = 1810 years. 34 AD + 1810 = 1844 AD.
Seventy weeks were cut off of the longer time prophecy of 2300 days. This time was given to the Jews.
It began with the release from Babylonian captivity when the commandment to build and restore Jerusalem was given.
The seventy weeks would end with the Messiah.
- 457 BC Decree to restore and build Jerusalem after Babylon. The final decree provided the money to rebuild.
- 27 AD Baptism of Jesus. He was anointed by the Holy Spirit and formally became the Messiah at that time.
- 31 AD The crucifixion of Jesus
- 34 AD The stoning of Stephen. The gospel formally goes out to the Gentiles who will produce the fruits.
- 1844 AD The 2300 day time prophecy ends with the formal beginning of the judgment.
|Sprinkling the Blood|
The blood was sprinkled on the ark eight times. Once up and then seven times down.
Blood Given to God. In the Garden of Gethsemane, He first offered His own blood. This is the blood cast up.
Blood Taken by Man. Then the people made seven wounds that shed His blood. This is the blood cast down.
||1||Gethsemane. Blood from His pores that He gave|
| ||2 ||Beaten. Flagellum tore skin|
|3||Crown of Thorns. Tore head|
|4-5||2 Nails. Pierced hands|
|6-7||2 Nails. Pierced feet|
|8||Sword in His side. Blood and water poured out|
The events of the day of of atonement began to be fulfilled at the crucifixion. They will end at the millennium.
Passover, Yom Kippur and Tabernacles were being merged like they were at the first exodus. This causes the perfect sacrifice to be killed only once for all time.
During this day, the High Priest is ministering in the sanctuary as He removes the sin of the penitent people and cleanses the sanctuary.
The day had several important events.
- Casting Lots ("31 AD"). The priests and people selected the Lord's goat who was to die for sins. They chose Jesus and released Judas and Barabbas, even casting lots for His clothes.
By these actions the priests did their duties by selecting the Lord's Goat for sacrifice.
When they sent away a regretful Judas, they were also banishing the scapegoat who went outside the city to die by himself in the garbage dump.
- Lord's Goat Killed ("31 AD"). When He died during the Passover the curtain that concealed the Most Holy Place was torn. It is now the Day of Atonement. The only day that the Most Holy Place can be opened.
The temple in heaven was now open and the nation of priests can come boldly to the Throne of Grace, entering by faith into the presence of God.
- Blood Applied to the Most Holy Place ("31 AD to Second Coming"). Jesus ministers as our High Priest in heaven, using His own blood for the removal of our sins.
» Tamid ("Continual"). The regular daily offerings were made.
» Mussaf. The special additional offerings of a bull, ram, seven male lambs and a goat were given.
» Atonement. Jewish tradition says that the High Priest entered the Most Holy Place four times on the Day of atonement. He made three offerings and then he retrieved the vessels that he used on the fourth time.
- Incense. The most important offering was prayer using a pan with incense and hot coals.
- Bull Offering. He made atonement for himself. Jesus became sin. The blood was sprinkled eight times on the ark and then on the curtains.
- Lord's Goat. He made atonement for the sins of the people. The blood of the goat was sprinkled eight times on the ark. Then he sprinkled the bull's blood and then the goat's blood on the curtain eight times.
Then he mixed the blood of the bull and goat and placed it on the four corners of the altar of incense and sprinkled the mixed blood seven times in the center.
- Pan and Spoon. He retrieved the vessels that were used for the incense offering.
|The Sealing of the Righteous|
During this awesome time, the people are being sealed.
They repent as they recognize the significance of the events in heaven.
- Sanctuary Cleansed ("1844").
Finally the high priest entered the Most Holy Place to cleanse the sanctuary.
So, we have the end of the 2300 years and the date for the restoration and cleansing of the sanctuary in the heavenly temple in 1844.
So, what happened in 1844?
1844 was not simply the day of atonement. It was one important phase in several events that must occur on that day.
Jesus went in the Most Holy Place to cleanse the sanctuary by making the atonement offerings.
Jesus also restored knowledge of His tamyid (continual) ministry and His role as the High Priest that were almost wiped out in the dark centuries.
I saw in the night visions, and then, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was presented before him.
And to him was given dominion and glory and kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed.
(Daniel 7: 13,14 RSV)
- Scapegoat Blamed ("Final Ministry").
Before the scapegoat is banished the priest lays his hands on his head and confesses all the sins of Israel over it (Leviticus 16:21).
So part of the final ministry will be to place the blame for sin on Satan as we restore the honor and glory of God when we lay out all the issues before the world.
As the scapegoat Jesus was unjustly blamed for our sins and He took them away.
As the real scapegoat, Satan does not atone for sin or bear them away but he is blamed and banished.
- The Last Trumpet ("Second Coming"). The service ends with a long blast of the shofar as Satan is defeated.
Satan is Defeated by Non-Human Forces. By his cunning he shall make deceit prosper under his hand, and in his own mind he shall magnify himself.
Without warning he shall destroy many; and he shall even rise up against the Prince of princes; but, by no human hand, he shall be broken.
(Daniel 8: 25 RSV)
This last trumpet could be the trumpet that wakes the righteous dead.
» Joyful Greeting. When the high priest leaves the sanctuary, the crowds kissed his hands to show gratitude.
» Ne'ilah ("Locking"). Near sunset the door to the ark that contains the Torah remains open for the entire service. Then it is closed as a signal that the gates of heaven are shut.
» A Feast. When he gets home, he invites his friends and family to a feast.
- Pan and Spoon. The wrath of God will be poured out when He takes the pan of hot coals and incense and answers the prayers of the martyrs. Then He comes to retrieve His golden vessels who have been tried in the fire. We are the vessels, tried in fire, who have been praying for rescue.
- Ne'ilah. Probation will be closed.
- Joyful Greeting. Jesus received His dominion and glory from a grateful heaven and earth. (Daniel 7: 14)
- Feast. The Jews will recognize Him during a Passover feast and we will have a feast in heaven.
- Scapegoat Banished ("Second Coming"). He will be banished to the empty earth for one thousand years in a garbage dump full of rotting corpses. He was also thrown out of heaven at the crucifixion because he no longer represented earth (Revelation 12: 7-10).
- Scapegoat Killed ("Third Coming"). He is thrown off a cliff. Satan will fall from the heights he coveted. He wanted to conquer Mount Zion, the throne of God.
In contrast to heaven, earth is the wilderness to which Satan was banished after the crucifixion.
|Access to Heaven and Earth
||Lord's Goat||Scapegoat Banished to Earth ||Thrown from a Cliff
|Second Coming || Empty Earth
|Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
And the seventy returned with joy saying, "Lord, even the demons are subject to us in Your Name".
And He said to them, "I was watching Satan fall from Heaven like lightning."
(Luke 10: 17-18)
At the Second Coming this banishment will be to harsher conditions on an empty earth.
The Merging Of The Feasts And Sacrifices
How do we know that the sacrifices for all the feasts happened during the Passover death?
|The Events of Christ's Exodus at the Beginning of the "Day of the Lord"
||Carrying the Cross
||Yom Kippur for the Righteous
- Logical. The logical and historical circumstances point to it.
- Died Once. Christ can only die once for all (Hebrews 10: 8-10 and 1 Peter 3: 18).
So the Lord's goat must have been killed on the same day as the Passover lamb and all other sacrifices.
- Succos at Passover.
When the Jews left Egypt, Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles (Succoth or Booths) were celebrated at the same time in the first month.
The first place they camped on the first day of their exodus was a place called Succoth (Booths).
Then the sons of Israel journeyed from Ramses and camped in Succoth.
(Numbers 33: 5)
They were leaving Egypt to live in temporary shelters under the protection of God until they reached the Promised Land.
It was only in the law that God separated these two feasts into the first and seventh month.
- Sacrifices. During the His final week all the animals from all the sacrifices appeared symbolically to be sacrificed and the great feasts were symbolically kept.
- Lamb (Passover). He died on Passover, during the time that the Passover lamb was traditionally offered.
The innocent Lamb was tried in a fiery trial, convicted and sentenced to death.
» Eating The Unleavened Bread. For seven days they listened to the words of life from the sinless man who was the Bread of Life.
» End of Passover. Passover is not complete until Elijah drinks the third cup and wrath is poured out on the wicked.
After this Christ drinks the fourth cup with us in the kingdom.
- Goat (Yom Kippur). The symbols show that at the crucifixion the rituals of the Yom Kippur service were being done.
» End of Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur is not complete until the scapegoat appears live in Jerusalem and Satan is killed.
Then the Strong Man comes on a white horse, instead of a donkey, to imprison the scapegoat.
After Yom Kippur, those who are not written in the book of life will be killed.
- Two Hands in the Bowl.
When the Lord's Goat and the scapegoat are selected, the priests placed two hands in the bowl to retrieve the lots.
At the Passover supper, both Jesus and Judas dipped their hands in the bowl. This was supposed to be a sign that identified the traitor.
- Scapegoat Chosen. The people were asked to choose between Jesus and Barabbas.
- Strongman. In the Yom Kippur ritual, the strongman led the scapegoat away to the wilderness.
At the beginning of the Millennium, the Strongman leads Satan to the Abyss to be punished. In this case, the strongman helped the Lord's Goat to bear His burdens.
Simon of Cyrene was the strongman who helped Him and Jesus was the strong man Who bore the burdens of our sins.
» The Identity of the Strongman.
God the Father must be the Strongman at the Crucifixion because the Seder ritual shows that the Father stayed close to Him throughout the entire ordeal.
- Veil Opened. The Most Holy Place is only opened on Yom Kippur. The veil between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place was torn in two, exposing the room and the Ark of the Covenant (Hebrews 10: 20 and Matthew 27: 51).
» Between Yom Kippur and Tabernacles.
The Jews build their sukkah and gather their lulav. God does not begin to record their sins again until the fifteenth.
This corresponds to the 2000 years after the crucifixion as Christ is building a home for us and our sins are not being counted against us because He is our advocate.
- Bull (Tabernacles).
When He rode into Jerusalem on a donkey, they greeted Him with palm branches in a welcome that copied the rituals of the Feast of Tabernacles.
» The Wavesheaf. After His resurrection He went to heaven for seven days to present the wavesheaf offering in a celebration that resembles the Feast of Tabernacles.
» The Bull With the Yoke. He was the bull who was tied to a yoke when He carried the cross to Golgotha and was slaughtered.
This act reminds us of the Philistines sending young calves with the ark of the covenant and the sin offerings on a cart back to Israel. Then these animals were slaughtered using the wood from the cart.
» Celebration. For seven days earth celebrated and feasted as the Lord saved them. Then heaven celebrated for another seven days as the first fruits and the offerings were displayed.
» End of Tabernacles. Tabernacles is not complete until we receive our inheritance and settle into our permanet homes in the Promised Land.
- Grain and Bread. His body was beaten up and punched as if it were being kneaded. He was broken, torn, lifted up, stretched out like dough as if waving and displayed like the grain offering. The breast, shoulder, thigh and wave offering were also displayed in this way.
- Donkey. This is not a sacrificed animal, but Christ was treated as an unclean slave. So the lowly donkey was given the priviledge of representing Him.
The donkey and the ox came to bear the burdens of our sins on His shoulders and back like a yoke. The patibulum (crossbar) was on His shoulders and the stipes (upright) was on His back.
|The Events Of Israel's Exodus At The End Of The "Day Of The Lord"
||Yom Kippur for the Wicked
||Book of Life
|Passover (Nissan 14)
||Sabbath (Nissan 15)
The Restoration Of The Sanctuary
Three times Gabriel declares in Daniel 8 that the vision of the 2300 day / years reaches to the time of the end.
(Daniel 8: 17,19,26).
Therefore, any interpretation that concludes that this was fulfilled before Christ is wrong.
- So he came near where I stood; and when he came, I was frightened and fell upon my face. But he said to me,
"Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end."
- He said, "then, I will make known to you what shall be at the latter end of the indignation; for it pertains to the appointed time of the end.
- The vision of the evenings and the mornings which has been told is true; but seal up the vision, for it pertains to many days hence."
(Daniel 8: 17,19,26).
The 2300 years of Daniel 8: 14 stretches from the time of the ram symbolizing Medo-Persia all the way down to the nineteenth century.
At the end of the 2300 years of Daniel 8: 14, Jesus reverses the effects of Satan's control over the church.
Heaven has all the testimony and the witnesses that they need to convict Satan in the judgment.
(Daniel 8: 14; Daniel 7: 13,14; Daniel 8: 25)
The Objects Restored
At the perfect time God reveals what has been hidden and He restores what has been broken.
- Sanctuary Restored. The sanctuary was destroyed by Babylon, physically corrupted by Antiochus Epiphanes of Greece and then by Rome in 70 AD.
Remarkably, God has used the Seventh-Day Adventist church to restore this incredible knowledge.
» A Paradigm Shift.
So the sanctuary is being used to restore the glory of God to the Jews and the scientists.
I believe it is meant to cause a paradigm shift as a wake up call to those who live as if God does not exist.
Since they are not persuaded or influenced by books with "myths" they must respond to the science of the shepherds.
- The Sanctuary In Heaven.
The importance of the sanctuary, its laws and services are restored after the disappointment of 1844. We recognized that there is an indestructible temple in heaven in which Jesus is ministering as High Priest.
- The High Priest Prophecies.
The Christian church has claimed that there are between 300-360 Messianic prophecies in the Bible.
Beginning in the fall of 2000 when God asked me to build a model of Moses' sanctuary and for over ten years of bitter testing and remarkable revelation, God has revealed to me over 400 new Messianic prophecies, many of which I have come to believe are meant to convince the Jews that He is their Messiah.
So there is a body of evidence that will restore the High Priest to His ancient people.
This evidence has been obscured for thousands of years because its significance was not understood.
Now at the end of time, after the dragon has tried to destroy knowledge, after the skeptics have denied that Jesus Christ even existed, after the skeptics have claimed that the disciples wrote lies and made fanciful and arbitrary connection to prove their Messiah,
we find a body of cohesive evidence taken out of the laws, prophets and sanctuary and kept by the Jews which prove that Jesus is the Messiah that even the disciples did not write about.
- Shepherd Science: The Modern Science in The Sanctuary.
For the first generation, the restoration of the sanctuary was the unexpected revelation of Jesus Christ (Yeshua) as God in the flesh.
For the final generation, the restoration of the sanctuary also involves glorious things we did not expect.
In December 2008 God also revealed to me the structure of the Mishkan (portable sanctuary) built by Moses as a model of modern physics, chemistry and biology and shows exactly what occurred chemically during the seven days of creation.
The Mishkan is a three dimension model of the Periodic Table of chemistry, showing not only its structure but also its properties.
It is also an accurate three dimensional model of particle physics, showing the quarks, leptons and the bosons and other particles not yet discovered or symbolized by the Standard Model of particle physics.
It is such an accurate model that is displays the Grand Unified Theory and the Higgs Boson ("God particle"), the holy grail of modern physics.
» A Hanukkah Revelation.
The remarkable story about the revelation of this knowledge that makes it pertinent to this lesson is that it was first given during the eight days of Hanukkah of 2008, between December 21-29.
Hanukkah is the festival of lights which celebrated the cleansing and restoration of the sanctuary after the Greeks attempted to defile it as a prelude to forcing the Jews to worship the Pagan gods.
During this festival that celebrates the rededication and restoration of the temple through a miracle of light, God was dedicating the temple that was been restored since 1844.
He was giving knowledge that had never been known before at the perfect time when atheistic science has thoroughly captured the world and have openly begun mocking and ridiculing God and faith, dancing over our dead bodies.
|Sanctuary Creation Science Restored|
God first explained the rainbow, then chemistry and then DNA replication during those eight days.
In the following months He explained physics.
I can only conclude that He is preparing a body of evidence for the scientists and skeptics who claim that the Bible is a book of myths and fables and is not a book of science.
He is proving to an increasingly skeptical, scientific world that in fact, the Bible is a book of science, superior to their own understanding, recording microscopic scientific knowledge 3500 years before modern man began these discoveries in 1869.
- Furniture and Holy Objects Restored. The knowledge about the objects in the sanctuary will be restored.
The one atoning sacrifice, true baptism, the light of the word of God, the seder, the importance of personal prayer, the covenant and the Ten Commandments and our role as a nation of priests.
We must restore the truths that have been thrown down and trampled by the little horn.
- Altar Of Sacrifice (Lamb Of God Sacrificed Once For All).
In the old covenant the priests and the offering were continually being replaced.
The mortal priests were sinners and millions of animals had to be sacrificed.
The essence of the New Covenant is that it offers better things. There is one perfect High Priest who was immortal and incorruptible and one sacrifice that was sufficient for all time (Hebrews 10: 10-11, 14).
One Perfect Sacrifice Forever.
By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death:
But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood.
Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.
For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
No Daily Sacrifice. Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.
For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.
(Hebrews 7: 22-28)
There is no need for the sacrifice to be offered daily again because the one sacrifice is sufficient continually.
- One Sacrifice Not Many. The New Covenant gave us one permanent, perfect sacrifice.
By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
(Hebrews 10: 10-12)
» Transubstantiation And The Sacrifice Of The Mass (Eucharist Sacrifice).
In Catholic theology the Eucharist is a true sacrifice, not just a commemorative meal.
It is the conversion of the bread and wine to the actual body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist when it is blessed by the Catholic priest.
The word was first used around 1133 and the doctrine was officially stated by the Fourth Lateran Council (1215) and the Council of Trent (1551).
In the doctrine, Jesus is virtually sacrificed over and over again in the Sacrifice of the Mass.
- Passover. The Passover Lamb was sacrificed, but Jesus asked us to remember this death until He comes with the Passover meal.
Unfortunately, it has been replaced with an abbreviated service and with the pagan trappings of Easter.
- Laver (Baptism By Immersion Not Sprinkling).
Immersion in the Mikvah was used by the Jews for ritual cleansing and for Gentile believers who joined the Jewish community.
In 1311 the Council of Ravenna officially allowed baptism by sprinkling and pouring.
The Anabaptists (re-baptizers) arose around 1525, advocating adult baptism by complete immersion.
- Pentecost (Shavu'ot).
The Holy Spirit writing the law in our hearts is the life-giving Spirit and refining fire who will purge us and wash away our sins.
Unfortunately, we have salvation by works and a concept of the ministry of the Spirit that is not different from Santa Claus loaded with gifts for self-indulgent children.
- Table Of Shewbread (Bread And Wine).
These are the symbols that commemorate the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
He was sacrificed once in the Outer Court. Now we eat these symbols to remember His death until He returns for us.
For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.
(1 Corinthians 11: 26)
Just as the Sabbath is our reminder that God is the creator who made the world in seven days, this is our reminder that He is our redeemer who purchased us with His blood and His broken body.
» An Act Of Disrespect And Shame Of God.
Any symbol of crucifying Christ again is an act that exposes Him to open shame and humiliation again.
It was Satan who demanded that Jesus Christ be crucified on the cross as a ransom for sin. It was not God's plan.
God was not responsible for this cruel act of shame and torture.
Exposing God To Open Shame.
If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.
(Hebrews 6: 6)
Moses made a similar mistake in anger and it prevented him from leading Israel into the Promised Land.
He humiliated God by striking the rock twice, treating Him as unholy.
Treating God As Unholy.
And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.
And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
(Numbers 20: 11-12)
The Lord must only be struck once in history either in reality or symbols, otherwise it is an insult.
- Menorah (The Word Of God).
In the Dark Ages, the common people were forbidden from reading the Word of God in 1229.
In 1384 John Wycliffe finished the the first translation of the Bible in English.
Then the moveable type and printing press was invented in 1450 and the Guttenberg Bible was printed.
Other translations appeared after this, William Tyndale (1525), Myles Coverdale (1535), Matthew's Bible (1537), Geneva Bible (1560) was based on the original Hebrew and Greek,
Bishop's Bible (1568), Rheims-Douay (1609) the first English Catholic Bible and the King James version (1611).
In 1947 the Dead Sea scrolls were discovered, authenticating the Old Testament with the oldest scripts.
In 1991 the Internet became available as a commercial tool and common people could publish knowledge about God.
- Altar Of Incense (Prayers And Intercession).
In 1215 the Fourth Council of the Lateran made it canon law that every Catholic Christian goes to confession in his parish at least once a year (Canon 21).
Through the intercessory prayers of priests and dead saints a wall of separation that was removed by Jesus Christ was erected between God and His church.
» The Protestant Reformation (1517).
The history of our access to God is a shameful one. We were taught to be afraid and hopeless, buying our access to God and believing that we can never be good enough.
Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation in 1517 when He was disgusted at the priests selling indulgences.
Through the doctrine of indulgence which began between 817-882 we can essentially buy salvation.
By 1190 the church was selling indulgences. They were used to guarantee salvation for soldiers who fought in the armies sent by the church.
Forgiveness and heaven were promised to anyone no matter what sin they committed in the past and will commit in the future if they held this "free pass".
By 1476, indulgences were opened up to the poor souls in purgatory so that the living can pay for them to have their time reduced.
Since there was no formula or guarantee of how long a loved one would remain in purgatory, one could purchase indulgences to shorten the time spent in suffering.
In 2000 the church reestablished indulgences which fell out of favor during the reformation.
- Ark Of The Covenant ().
Around 1831, God began a movement to restore knowledge of the Most Holy Place because He was about to begin a most important work there in preparation for His return.
The Seventh Day Adventist Church plays a critical role in restoring this section of the sanctuary.
- Covering Cherubs (Holy, Holy, Holy).
The Holy Name and reputation of God must be restored.
Moses did not treat God as holy when he struck the rock twice. It was considered to be an unholy act that brought shame to God.
Associating God with torture is a lie that puts Him to shame and make His name unholy in the eyes of all people.
Associating Him with eternal torture is blasphemy.
The Catholic church teaches that while Christ died for the penalty of sin, He did not die for the guilt and punishment. So everyone must be punished in purgatory for an unspecified time.
The doctrines of purgatory, a place of punishment, and an eternally burning hell where people are tortured forever is a stain on the reputation of God.
We are calling people back to the truth about death and hell.
» Calling On The Name Of The Lord.
Satan abdicated his duty as one of the covering cherub. We must fill that role. We must get to know our holy God. We must be His witnesses.
We must become a holy people whose sins have been purged so that we can continuously praise the holy name of our holy God.
A Holy People.
For thou shalt be his witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard.
And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.
(Acts 22: 15-16)
- Mercy Seat.
Many people emphasize the punishment of the wicked, leading people to God through fear.
We know the truth about hell fire, and about the judgment that is occurring and we know the mission of love that God sent through Jesus.
We can testify about the mercy that God is offering.
- Ten Commandments.
In an era when churches are teaching "that Jesus kept the law so that I do not have to keep it"
and that God abolished the law at the cross, we are called to uphold the standards of God and condemn this foolishness.
» One God (YHWH).
All religions do not lead to the same God.
God has provided this church the evidence that will put His name above all the other gods and His scriptures above all other religious writings.
The Hebrew scriptures contain proof that their God has superior scientific knowledge.
This fact can be verified by our current knowledge of subatomic science.
YHWH is not the author of different rules and scriptures in other religions.
He is not the same God known by any other name in other religions.
We must call the world back to the Jewish God YHWH and the Torah.
In 788 idol worship was approved by the church at the second council of Nicaea.
The church allows the "veneration" of icons, cross, images, relics and other sacred objects and dead saints.
As such they idolize blood, hair, finger nail clippings, clothing and all sorts of personal items claimed to be the possession of or touched by a saint.
The faithful kneel before these in prayer, kiss the feet of images, ask for favors but still claim that this is not worship.
Their actions are indistinguishable from the heathen worshipping his idol.
It looks like and acts like idolatry. It is idolatry.
» The Creator (Six Days Not Evolution).
We are restoring the three angel's message which calls the world to acknowledge the creator, to keep the Sabbath and to warn of the judgment that is occurring.
It is a message that strikes at the very heart of evolution.
» The Sabbath (Saturday Not Sunday).
The Sabbath has been continuously kept by Christians since Jesus despite the efforts of the church and the state to replace it. Emperor Constantine passed a Sunday law in 321 AD.
The Celtic and the Ethiopian churches kept the Sabbath.
Saint Patrick of Ireland was a Sabbath worshipper.
We are restoring the Sabbath truth and calling people back to the original Sabbath and away from the false Sunday.
- Jar Of Manna (Bread Of Life).
In an era where many churches ignore the commandments and ignore the old testament we are called to teach men the words of God and to honor and respect all of the Holy Scriptures.
The Old Testament is a witness about Jesus Christ.
- Aaron's Rod That Budded (Resurrection).
The ability of God to resurrect the dead is a cornerstone of our hope for life and a sign that we have forgiveness and have overcome the wages of sin.
New Life In Jesus Christ.
For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:
And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.
Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.
(1 Corinthians 15: 16-18)
- Yom Kippur. We have the message that the great Day of Atonement has begun, to call people to the knowledge that we are being sealed and that the judgment has begun.
- The Sanctuary.
The global Advent Movement spread in the United States with the preaching of William Miller in 1831 and is responsible for bringing interest in the study of the sanctuary to the Christians.
- People (The Nation Of Priests).
The nation of Israel, restored to their ancient land in 1948 aims the spotlight on a people who were tasked to carry the knowledge about the covenant and information about God to the people of earth.
When the church realizes that it is the body of Christ and a nation of holy priest who will be preserved by God, we will look to our High Priest in heaven and our duty to establish the name of God on earth.
We will stop looking to human imposters and intercessors as intermediaries between us and God.
The Priesthood Of Believers.
Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light;
(1 Peter 2: 5, 9)
- People. The people were rejected in 34 AD and the church was split into two groups. The new covenant was made with the Gentiles.
But the people of the old covenant were given another task that would help to reconcile the church, restore their dignity and restore the sanctuary at the end of time.
Ironically, the people who rejected the Messiah were given the task of keeping the best evidence that proved that Jesus is the Messiah!
They have the sanctuary, the feasts and the oral instructions from Moses and the traditions handed down from 3500 years of practice.
So the two branches of the church will be reunited under the High Priest as the people of the old covenant regain their light and lead the people of the new covenant before the Second Coming.
- Priest Restored. The High Priest Who was rejected by the people in 31 AD is now recognized as the High Priest by the entire nation of global Israel (Jews and Gentiles).
Disassembling and Reassembling the Sanctuary
This prophecy follows the law on disassembling and reassembling the sanctuary (Numbers 10).
According to the rules, we can also see the restoration of the sanctuary as meaning not just that it was being cleansed on the Day of Atonement, but it was "rebuilt".
This law also demonstrates that part of the restoration of the sanctuary is a restoration of its objects, including the furniture, commandments and uncorrupted feasts before the arrival of a special generation of people.
Ark of the Covenant
||The Little Horn Attacks
|| Holy Objects Arrive |
|Joseph ||Dan |
| Led by Christ (Priest - King) ||Sanctuary Destroyed ||Affliction ||Sanctuary |
|Christ Killed || Peter's Denial |
|Covenant in Gethsemane ||Tried by Priests ||Trial, Beaten ||Calvary||Abandoned||Resurrected||Reunion ||Revenge|
|Arrested by Rome||31AD ||Crucifixion ||1260 Years||1844||Laws Restored||Plagues |
The Ministry of the Southern Priests.
Then the Kohathites set out, carrying the holy objects; and the tabernacle was set up before their arrival.
(Numbers 10: 21)
The Kohathites were Levites who camped in the south. It suggests that this ministry of the southern priests will occur when the church flees from Babylon the Great in the north to the south.
So before the world is faced with the other truths about the sanctuary, it must be rebuilt and cleansed.
Then we will learn about the laws, the ceremonies and how they prophesy about Christ and our future by some special people who lead the tribes of Joseph, Manasseh and Benjamin.
This future includes persecution by a serpent, wrath, death, resurrection and a pillar of fire.
Rebuild And Restore The Sanctuary
Many Christians are looking for a rebuilt temple in Jerusalem where animal sacrifices will restart.
This is incorrect. For many reasons God cannot rebuild a temple and go back to any symbol of the old sacrificial system where the sacrifices could not forgive sin, the priests were mortal and corrupt and the temple could be trampled on and desecrated by the enemy.
- No Legitimate Temple Or Priesthood.
God allowed the destruction of the sanctuary in 70 AD and the scattering of the legitimate priests to stop this activity that was legally being done in His name and by His laws.
For over 2000 years the rabbinical system of the Pharisees replaced the legitimate Levitical heirs under the Saducees.
It is impossible to reconstitute a legitimate priesthood under the old covenant.
They have no temple, no geneology records and no legitimate priests to handle these offerings.
The new covenant is based on Melchizedek and God made sure the remnants of the old have been rooted out so that there will never be a legitimate contender.
- Laws On Building A Temple.
God built in a law that prevents Jews from even symbolically doing the wrong thing by bringing sacrifices to this abandoned temple.
According to this law, we can only bring offerings in the place God chooses.
So as long as there is no temple they cannot bring animal sacrifices (Deuteronomy 12: 5, 11, 14, 18).
After Christ, the temple God chooses is the reborn heart grieved by the death of the Lamb of God.
Rebuilding The False Physical House.
God is very meticulous with His symbols, for that reason, any attempts to rebuild a physical temple with plans to revive the duties of the old covenant must be doomed to failure.
I will further state that any attempts to build a temple in the name of YHWH on that site using enlightened and correct knowledge of the new covenant must also be doomed to failure.
Why? We already have the perfect temple built without hands and an indestructible High Priest.
Both cannot be touched by the enemies of God and we must bring our offerings to only one place that God has established.
So any temple built on the temple mount for any reason is a competing structure.
When the enemies of God have been destroyed He will bring the new indestructible temple to the place of His sanctuary in Jerusalem (Zechariah 14: 4-11 and Revelation 21: 9-21).
Rebuilding The Temple Of Doom.
Efforts to rebuild a physical temple on the temple mount will follow the same fate as the failed false movements that accompanied the fulfillment of prophecy between 31-363 AD.
Based on those historical antichrist movements, I must conclude that God is actively preventing any efforts to rebuild. While God is in the process of rebuilding His spiritual house there will be a doomed attempt to revive a physical house on the temple mount.
Daniel 11 prophesies about the evil forces "setting up a tabernacle between the sea and the beautiful holy mountain".
2 Thessalonians 2: 3-4 prophecies about the antichrist sitting in the temple of God as if he is God.
Revelation 16 is about the destruction of a doomed temple.
- Priest-King Dynasty (Hasmoneans). This was an illegitimate and failed priest-king dynasty. Only Jesus could combine those offices.
- Usurpers (House Of Herod). Descendants of Esau took over Jacob's inheritance.
The Herods remodeled the second temple between 20 BC and 63 AD only to see it destroyed seven years later.
- Failed Messiah (Shimon Bar Kokabah). He was approved by the priests and led Israel to destruction and loss of the city. Jesus was rejected by the priests but won back the entire planet.
- Temple Rebuilding Plan (Emperor Julius). The Jews planned to rebuild the temple with the help of emperor Julian in 363 until strange natural disasters including an earthquake and balls of fires destroyed their efforts. The emperor tried to nullify the prophecy that no stone would be left.
The rebuilding efforts only succeeded in removing the last foundation stones so that Jesus' prophecy was completely fulfilled.
- Pagan Temple (Jupiter). Rome planned to build a temple to Jupiter on the site to root out Judaism.
- Muslim Mosque (Dome Of The Rock). These politically charged structures are a bone of contention which are preventing the rebuilding of a Jewish temple until God has completed His true temple.
So I must conclude that while a real physical temple is in heaven and God is building His spiritual temple on earth that a false physical temple will be built or attempted as the Antichrist tries to set up his doomed spiritual kingdom over the entire world with Jerusalem as the physical symbol of that power.
As it was in the Roman empire, the Antichrist was restrained and is being restrained to be revealed just before his destruction at the Second Coming.
Restrained. And you know what restrains him now, so that in his time he will be revealed. For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only he who now restrains will do so until he is taken out of the way.
Revealed. Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming.
(2 Thessalonians 2: 6-8)
The fallout of the 2000 year restraints is that two Muslim mosques, built on the temple mount, and the return of Israel to the land now impede the physical construction of a new temple and the plans of the antichrist.
Initially, the Roman power restrained the antichrist until the Romans were taken away and actually gave him power.
After Rome converted to Christianity other tactics were used to restrain it.
A succession of events and powers prevented Christian Rome from seizing power to this day so that they have been unable to occupy Jerusalem or rebuild a temple.
|Restraint || Barbarians || Muslim Powers ||Europe|| ||No Restraint|
|Pagan Rome || Pope ||Plague || || Islam|| || Mamluk||Ottoman||Britain||Israel ||Antichrist|
|230BC-400 AD||382||535-546 || 638|| 688-691 ||1291-1516||1500-1920||1918-1947||1947-? ||Future|
|Roman Army ||-||Crusades ||- ||Diplomacy (U.N.)|
The Barbarians, a global natural disaster (535-546) that caused the fall of many empires and saw the rise of Islam which imposed the restraints for hundreds of years.
The church tried to regain control of Jerusalem with armies. The Roman army fought the Barbarians and the European armies led the disastrous crusades (1095-1258).
In a replay of history it may be given control just as the Romans gave them control in 382AD.
It can be given control under the plan for Jerusalem in the United Nations Resolution 181, Part III.
The total removal of restraints means that Satan can visibly return at the end.
Rebuilding The True Spiritual House.
Numbers 10 says that the sanctuary will be restored.
Zechariah 6: 12-15 says that the Messiah will build the temple. Abraham was looking for a city built by God (Hebrews 11: 8-10). This nullifies any human attempts to build this structure.
So what will be rebuilt?
Our permanent temple is in heaven. In fact we are the building material of the temple (Revelation 22).
The Bible science even proves that our DNA design is modeled in the Mishkan.
When the special generation arrives, knowledge about the temple, its services and its design and importance will be the subject of their intense study.
This knowledge of the temple will lead them to the God of the temple built without human hands.
Law of Vengeance: The Punishment Of The Enemies Of Christ.
I will also bring upon you a sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant; and when you gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you, so that you will be delivered into your enemies' hands.
(Leviticus 26: 25)
The temple was destroyed 40 years after Christ was killed. Rome was plagued with destruction 49 years after the crucifixion and Israel was exiled from Jerusalem 105 years (3.5 prophetic months) after the crucifixion.
All seem to develop over a three to four year period.
However, these events do not appear within the 490 year time period, yet we recognize that all these events are somehow connected to it in some sort of definite time table.
How are they related and why did God wait so long?
They are a result of the curse and the vengeance of God.
- Mother and Child. You are not allowed to kill a mother and child on the same day or take the mother and leave the helpless child to die.
You can take the child and leave the mother.
The Bird in the Field.
If you happen to come upon a bird's nest along the way, in any tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs, and the mother sitting on the young ones or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young.
You shall certainly let the mother go, but the young you may take for yourself, in order that it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days.
(Deuteronomy 22: 6-7)
Doves take only two or three sticks to make a nest. The cross was the nest lifted up on high tree at the crucifixion and it was the two sticks that made the nest when the cross fell on the ground on the road to Calvary.
Israel was the mother sitting on the child, Christ. She was set free while Christ was taken and killed.
» The Sacrificed Animal.
Whether it is an animal in the field or one dedicated for sacrifice, both mother and child cannot be killed on the same day (Leviticus 22: 27-28 and Exodus 34: 26).
- Vengeance for the Covenant. The law promises that vengeance will come and Christ said that it will begin with the siege of Jerusalem.
Days of Vengeance.
But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is near ...
because these are days of vengeance, so that all things which are written will be fulfilled.
(Luke 21: 20, 22)
God still reserves the right of vengeance but He has taken that right away from us.
Judas, the priests, Israel, Rome, Herod, Nero, Titus and Roman soldiers suffered the same fate as the innocent Man whom they condemned and the people they destroyed.
Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, "Vengeance is mine, I will repay" says the Lord.
(Romans 12: 19)
- Cursed By The Slandered Slave. Jesus was the slave who carried our burden of sin. He was slandered before God in an unjust trial and by Satan in an unspeakable act of torture.
This sin brings a curse.
Do not slander a slave to his master, or he will curse you and you will be found guilty.
(Proverbs 30: 10)
- Three Years.
According to the law, iniquity is visited on the third or fourth generation (Deuteronomy 5: 8-10) and vengeance is settled by the third and fourth generation and lasts 3.5 years.
Since vengeance is based on "an eye for an eye", the punishment determined for the enemies of Christ follows the same pattern as the injustice heaped upon Christ.
- Burn the Worthless City (Deuteronomy Verse 12-16). The city was burned in 70 AD and ploughed in 136 AD.
- Punish The Rebellious City. The city shall be punished with a siege and war for spurning God's peace offer. This happened between 66-73AD from the beginning of the siege to the destruction of the last stronghold at Masada.
War With The Rebellious City.
However, if it does not make peace with you, but makes war against you, then you shall besiege it.
When the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall strike all the men in it with the edge of the sword.
(Deuteronomy 20: 12-13)
These events must not be confused with the real fulfillment, neither must they be dismissed as irrelevant.
Any similarity to the prophecy by other individuals or powers or events is as a result of the law of vengeance on those who are directly connected to the events of the crucifixion.
Prophecy is like the main trunk of a tree or the vine. These events are significant branches that are legal repercussions directly related to the fulfillment of prophecy.
|Iniquity Complete ||Days Of Vengeance For The Covenant |
|Messiah Destroyed ||Sanctuary Destroyed||Land Taken |
|Christ (31 AD)||Judas||(34 AD)||Israel (66-70 AD)||Rome (79-81 AD)||Exiled (136)||455 |
|Darkness ||-||Blood ||Fire||Smoke ||Fire ||Failed Messiah |
|Messianic Judaism (1850)||Sanctuary Restored (1844 AD) ||Zionism (1882-1948)||Israel (1948) |
|Restoration of Israel Since 1844 |
At the end of the 2300 day prophecy in 1844, the restoration of Israel seems to follow this same schedule.
Sanctuary studies among Christians began in the 1840's. Messianic Judaism started in 1850. Zionism restored the language and the hope in the people until a permanent homeland was established in 1948 and the exiles returned.
This will climax in the restoration of their Messiah.
The Desolations Of Israel: The Destruction Of Jerusalem And The Temple
... and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.
And its end will come with a flood. Even to the end there will be war. Desolations are determined.
(Daniel 9: 26)
» The Desolation Of The Temple In 70 AD.
|Desolation of The City|
The people and the city suffered just like Jesus. From the Bible and the account of Josephus these are the details.
| ||Judas the Traitor |
|He was disemboweled and hung in the garbage dump. |
(Matthew 27: 5. Acts 1: 18-19)
| ||Pilate Killed Himself in Italy |
|In 36 AD Pilate was fired for cruelty and died in 37 AD|
| ||King Eaten by Worms |
|In 44, Herod Agrippa 1 was eaten by worms immediately after the people called him a god (Acts 12: 23)|
| ||Siege in 66 AD |
|Jerusalem was surrounded|
| ||Famine and Cannibalism |
|Women ate their own children|
| ||Mass Crucifixions |
|People who tried to find food at night were beaten, tortured and crucified until there was no more wood to make crosses|
| ||Temple Burned (70 AD) |
|The temple was destroyed|
| ||Trees Destroyed |
|The trees were cut down and the land salted in 71 AD|
| ||City Destroyed (136 AD) |
|Jerusalem was destroyed and renamed by Hadrian|
| ||Failed Messiah (132-136 AD) |
|Shimon Bar Kochbah|
| ||People Exiled |
|The people were exiled in 136 AD for over 100 years|
Beginning on Passover (April 14, 70 AD or Nisan 17) Titus besieged the temple from April to September.
On Tisha B'av (9th Av or August 10), the temple began to burn. Titus finally had control by September 7 around Yom Kippur.
The city and the temple were destroyed by the flood that was the Roman army.
Records indicate that for forty Passovers and Yom Kippurs until the destruction of the temple in 70 AD, God signified that He had rejected the earthly temple services through
several miracles. If the miracles began at Passover in the year of the crucifixion (31 AD) then the fortieth Passover and Yom Kippur would be in 70 AD.
This is thirty nine years and eight months later, or about forty years.
Forty years before the destruction of the Temple, the western light went out, the crimson thread remained crimson, and the lot for the Lord always came up in the left hand. They would close the gates of the Temple by night and get up in the morning and find them wide open.
Jerusalem Talmud (Jacob Neusner, The Yerushalmi, page 156-157)
"Our rabbis taught: During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple the lot ['For the Lord'] did not come up in the right hand; nor did the crimson-colored strap become white; nor did the western most light shine; and the doors of the Hekel [Temple] would open by themselves".
Babylonian Talmud (Soncino version, Yoma 39b)
- The Temple Lot. On Yom Kippur, a lot was used to determine which of the two goats would be the Lord's goat and which would be Azazel, the scapegoat (Leviticus 16: 8).
The priest placed both hands in a bowl so that the hand which received the lot was just as random as the lot that was selected.
The lot for Azazel was the black stone.
Before the crucifixion, the choice would be governed by chance. The priest would pick a black stone as often as he picked the white stone for either the left or right hand.
But after the crucifixion, the priest always picked the Lord's stone in his left hand for forty years.
- The Red Strip. A red strip of cloth was tied to the Azazel goat at Yom Kippur and a piece was also tied to the temple door.
Every year the red cloth on the door would turn white to signify the acceptance of the atonement.
But it remained red for the last forty years.
- Open Temple Doors. The temple doors would open every night on their own for forty years.
This open door began at the crucifixion when the veil that separated the Most Holy Place was ripped in two from top to bottom (Matthew 27: 51).
- Menorah Light. The eternal flame of the menorah was never to be extinguished.
But every night for forty years the light would go out no matter what the priests did to keep it lit.
» The Desolation Of The Priesthood.
After the nation of Israel rejected Christ, they had three and a half years of ministry from the disciples.
After they stoned Stephen, and the Gospel legally went to the Gentiles, they had another forty years before the temple was destroyed by the Romans, fulfilling the prophecy of Daniel.
... and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.
(Daniel 9: 26)
Destruction also came to the high priest Matthias, the grandson of Annas, in the third and fourth generation as the third commandment required.
... visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me.
(Deuteronomy 5: 9)
Caiaphas belonged to the Saducees, when the temple was destroyed they were out of a job.
The Pharisees survived as Rabbinic Judaism because they were based on allowing the common person to serve the Lord.
» The Desolation Of The Sanhedrin (The Malicious Court)
Technically, the Jews did not sin when they caused the Messiah to die.
According to the law the Lord's goat must die and the Jewish priests were asked to kill the goat.
So God could not punish them because He died.
However, they were punished for injustice.
|Desolation of The Sanhedrin|
The priests suffered just like Jesus.
| ||High Priest Wrongly Accused |
|The high priest Matthias, the third generation and the grandson of Annas, was wrongly accused of treason by his own people|
| ||Sanhedrin Massacred |
|Three of Matthias' sons were killed before him. Then he and 16 other members of the Sanhedrin were executed|
| ||Temple Burned (70 AD) |
|The temple was destroyed|
| ||Saducees (Priests) |
|Exiled when temple fell. Rabbinic Judaism (Pharisees) survived|
| ||House of Herod (70 AD) |
|Exiled when people revolted|
Malicious Witness Punished.
The judge shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness and he has accused his brother falsely,
then you shall do to him just as he had intended to do to his brother. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you.
(Deuteronomy 19 : 18-19)
They used false witnesses to bring the charge which caused His death, therefore, they suffered the same pattern of punishments as Christ experienced.
The punishment for perjury in court is the same as the "eye for eye" justice.
Except for His body being eaten by worms, the people and leaders suffered like Jesus.
» Passover Torah Readings.
Exodus 22: 24-23:19 is one of the readings scheduled during the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
If this custom existed during that time then God made a special effort to warn them not to commit injustice by using bribes and false witnesses during Passover.
» The Desolation of Jerusalem (Bar Kochba Revolt).
The two desolations occurred in time periods that mimicked the wanderings of Israel in the exodus and the Babylonian captivity.
Forty years after the Messiah was killed, the temple was destroyed.
Seventy years after the siege of Jerusalem, the city was destroyed.
The culture and leadership of the Roman empire was full of homosexuals and pedophiles so that at that time it seemed like Sodom and Gomorrah ruled the holy nation.
Emperor Hadrian's favorite was a twelve year old Greek youth named Antinous.
In March 130, around Passover, Hadrian and a group of his favorite male companions came to Jerusalem.
Between April and July, Hadrian outlawed circumcision as a part of a strategy to reform the Jewish religion so that it complied with Rome. He may have begun plans to build the Temple of Capitoline Jupiter on the Temple mount.
On 28 October 130, near the fall feasts, Antinous drowned mysteriously in the Nile and Hadrian had him deified by March 131.
By October 134 coins struck with his image as god and statues are distributed to spread the worship of Antinous.
Between 132 and 135, the people revolted and accepted a false Messiah, Shimon Bar Kochba. It ended with the desolation of Jerusalem and the exile of the people.
The city was dug up, its name was blotted out by Hadrian. The city was renamed Aelia Capitolina after himself (Publius Aelius Hadrianus) and the chief Roman god (Jupiter Capitolinus).
The land was renamed Syria Palaestina (Palestine) after the Philistines.
So legally, any punishment that the Jews had for rejecting the Messiah was completed in 136 AD.
The Law Of Curses And The Division Of Israel.
Political and religious pressure splits the two branches of the church when the Christians did not want to be associated with anything Jewish after 135 AD.
The hostilities between the two communities seem to take on the pattern of events that occurred after the ten northern tribes were split from the southern tribes about 120 years apart.
Both were eventually taken away into captivity and scattered.
|Nation ||Second Curse ||Third Curse ||Fourth Curse ||Fifth Curse |
|Division ||Two Nations ||Captivity and Exile ||Occupation ||Wrath |
|922 BC ||1||10 Northern Tribes||722 BC ||Assyria ||Persia, Greece, Rome, Islam||? ||Gathered|| |
|2||2 Southern Tribes||609 BC ||Babylon ||539 BC||Persia - Rome ||31 AD ||Wrath |
|34 AD ||1||Jews||136 AD ||Rome||638 AD ||Islam ||1948 ||Gathered |
|2||Christians||538 AD ||Papal Rome ||1798 AD||Communism||1991 ||Called|
|330 AD ||1||Byzantine Rome||638 AD ||Islam ||1918 AD||Colonial |
|1945 ||Babylon |
|2||Western Rome||476 AD ||Barbarians ||1798 AD ||1945 |
|1054 AD ||1||Eastern Orthodox||638 AD ||Islam ||1798 AD||French |
|1991 ||Image to |
|2||Catholic||1517 ||Protestant ||1798 AD ||1929 |
- Terror (Raids). The first curse on the nation of Israel was the constant incursions during the time of the judges.
- Land Divided (922 BC). The nation was split between the ten tribes in the north and the two in the south.
- Children Taken (722 BC and 609 BC). Assyria took the northern tribes in 722 BC and Babylon took Judea.
- War and Vengeance For The Covenant (539 BC to 31 AD). They were ruled by Medo-Persia, Greece and Rome.
Jesus Christ came to fulfill the covenant and suffer the vengeance for the covenant in our place.
- Wrath on the Sanctuary (31-136 AD). The second sanctuary and Jesus Christ were destroyed by Rome and the people were exiled.
Vengeance on Spiritual Israel. The nation of Israel was scattered after the crucifixion as the vengeance for the covenant consumed them until the fifth curse was exhausted.
After this period, the spiritual nation of Israel repeated the pattern of five curses. They were split in two, held captive by a series of powers and they are now being called and gathered at the end of time to flee so that they can escape the wrath on Babylon the Great and the wicked.
Vengeance on Pagan Rome. Rome was also split in two and suffers the same fate as they are scheduled for destruction at the end of time.
The destruction of Rome is a part of the series of punishments sent on Babylon because they are the working arm of Satan.
In another lesson we show how Babylon suffered their five series of curses.
» Scattered. The period ends with the destruction of the sanctuary and the exile of the wicked and with the gathering of the righteous remnant.
» God Appears. It ends with the appearance of their god, either the Lord (Lord's goat) or the Scapegoat (Satan).
The Parables of Jesus: Invitation to The Wedding Feast of God is Rejected.
This parable prophesies about the fate of the nation.
Invitations were sent to the wedding of the king's son. However, the guests refused the invitation and killed the servants and the son.
God responded by burning their city and extending the invitation to everyone.
City Burned Down.
But the king was enraged and, and he sent his armies and destroyed those murderers and set their city on fire.
(Matthew 22: 7)
Worshipping The Beast And His Image.
The experience of the Jews between 66 and 136 AD reflect the issues that will be faced by the final generation.
The events that occurred in seventy years could occur in 7 years or less.
- Sodom and Gomorrah. We will be ruled and persecuted by homosexuals who do not respect our beliefs.
- Desecrating the Holy Place. They came to the holy mountain on Passover and changed the religion. Tiberius was also a homosexual pedophile who was hated by the people because of his brutality, yet he never desecrated the religion and the holy place like Hadrian.
- Worship the Image. Beware of coins and statues and other memorabilia for the dead or the living. The process through which the Romans created gods out of humans is the same process by which saints are made for worship in the church.
It also gives us some insight into what the prophecies are describing when it says that the dragon has power to give life to the image of the beast and force us to worship it (Romans 13).
- Jerusalem Besieged. We will be surrounded by the armies of Satan who are trying to destroy us.
- Exiled. Persecution will make us abandon our homes and flee for safety.
The Desolations of Rome: The Destruction of the Roman Army in 79 AD
... and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.
And its end will come with a flood. Even to the end there will be war. Desolations are determined.
(Daniel 9: 26)
Everyone who killed Christ was desolated according to this same pattern when their end came.
- The Prince Who Is To Come ("Titus"). Titus is the prince to come and his people are the Roman legion that destroyed Jerusalem. At that time he was general of the army.
Nine years later, He was emperor of Rome for three years and his reign was cursed with disasters.
- The Flood At Its End (Mount Vesuvius).
The flood that came at its end was a fiery flood of lava and volcanic ash that destroyed the city of Pompeii and Herculeneum where the army of Titus was on vacation.
His short reign was plagued with disasters which prompted the people to speculate that he was cursed because of what he did to Israel.
Destruction Of The Soldiers (Tenth Legion [X Fretensis]).
Forty nine years after the death of Christ, 9 years after they destroyed the temple, on 24 August 79 AD at 1:00 PM, and one month after Titus became emperor on June 24, the Roman legion under then general Titus who were responsible for the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple were on vacation in Pompeii
when a volcanic eruption blew up Mount Vesuvius and buried the city of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae and the soldiers who desecrated the sanctuary! They were stoned to death with hell fire!
The Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre) was funded by the treasures taken from the temple. Beginning in 72 AD, it was built by his father Vespasian, opened in 79 AD and dedicated by Titus in 80 AD with 100 days of festivities.
50 tons of gold and silver treasures were stolen and paraded through the streets of Rome in 71 AD. The event is carved in the arch of Titus in the Colosseum which was built to honor the Roman conquest of Jerusalem.
Destruction of the City of Rome. Rome and its people were destroyed by fire and plague as revenge for the destruction of the city and the people and the burning of the temple.
» Fires. In 80 AD a fire ravaged Rome for three days and nights.
» Plague. In 80-81 AD one of the worst bouts of plague hit Rome. 10,000 were buried in one day.
Destruction of Pompeii. The volcano also destroyed the city named after the man who conquered Jerusalem in 63 BC and put Israel under Roman rule.
Pompey had entered the temple and desecrated it. In a civil war with Julius Caesar, he was beheaded when he fled to Egypt.
So his head and his name were cut off.
|The Eruption Of Mount Vesuvius|
10 billion tons of pumice, rock and ash fell in 18 hours, beginning at 1:00 PM on 24 August 79 AD falling from a column 10 miles high as day turned to night.
The Romans had no idea that this volcano existed. There is no word in Latin for "volcano" and the people did not know what was happening.
An avalanche of super hot gas, mud and ash, pyroclastic flow, five times hotter than boiling water incinerated everything.
70-80 feet (25 meters) of volcanic debris buried Herculaneum that day.
A wind which normally blew towards the sea, blew the ashes east towards the city instead.
100 million tons of pumice and ash were rained on Pompeii by mid afternoon and roof tops began collapsing by 5:00 PM.
By 6:50 AM the next morning pumice and ash and another 100 Kph pyroclastic surge buried Pompeii.
Hot gas and ash caused the lungs to fill with fluid, then the ash thickened to cement and they suffocated.
Jesus suffocated when fluid filled His lungs.
At 7:10 AM, after 18 hours of eruption, the mountain collapses and a black cloud travels across the Bay of Naples to Stabiae, killing thousands who had fled.
Name Blotted Out.
You have rebuked the nations, You have destroyed the wicked, You have blotted out their name for ever and ever. The enemy has come to an end in perpetual ruins, and you have uprooted the cities. The very memory of them is perished.
(Psalm 9: 5-6)
» Divine Justice. According to the law, the strangers who come near to the sanctuary or tear it down will be killed. Only the priests were allowed to tear down Jesus. All the Romans involved in the death of Jesus and the destruction of the sanctuary would be killed by divine retribution.
So when the tabernacle is to set out, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle encamps, the Levites shall set it up.
But the stranger (layman) who comes near shall be put to death.
(Numbers 1: 51)
- Destruction And Fall Of Rome. Within three centuries, the empire would fall under the constant invasion by a flood of Barbarian hordes from Germany and Asia.
Hadrian Dies (138). Hadrian attempted suicide by stabbing himself. However, he later died of heart failure.
Army Desolated (378). The Goths kill the emperor and half the Roman army.
Rome Sacked (410). Visigoths sack Rome.
Rome Burned (455). Gaeseric led the Vandals to burn Rome.
Rome Occupied (476). The Heruli Invade Italy and end the western Roman Empire.
» The Future Destruction of Rome.
After studying the repetitive phenomenon in prophecy, it is my opinion that at the end, when the Antichrist from Rome comes in like a flood to destroy Israel and Jerusalem, Mount Vesuvius and the super volcano at the Campi Flegrei Caldera in Naples will destroy Rome.
They may even be above an undiscovered volcano!
In addition, I have come to the conclusion that vengeance for the Nazi holocaust in world war 2 is not over.
When random signs of the destruction from the skies affects a large city, it may occur in Germany and its allies such as Italy and Japan.
The signs give some insight into the events that fulfill this prophecy on the day of vengeance.
I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth. Blood, fire and columns of smoke.
The sun will be turned into darkness and the moon into blood before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.
(Joel 2: 30-32)
Fire. Volcanic eruption.
Columns of Smoke. Volcanic ash.
Dark Sun and Blood Moon. Effects of ash in the upper atmosphere.
The Desolations Of The Earth: The Destruction Of Satan
Verse 26 is about the crucifixion of Christ. But notice at the end it hints that there will be similar wars and desolations up to the end.
The crucifixion was just one crucial battle in the war on sin that caused the desolation of Christ.
But until the final end, there will be more wars and more desolations.
Sometimes the good are the victims, but ultimately evil loses the war.
With every desolation, a way of escape is made through a place or in the sleep of death. For the righteous, death is temporary. For the wicked, death will ultimately be permanent.
All the battles in this war followed the same pattern of desolation.
|War in Heaven ||War of the Angels || War of the Dragon ||War of the Bridegroom |
|Elapsed Time ||Unknown ||6000 Years ||1000 Years |
|Battle ||Satan Rebels ||Wicked || Christ || 70 (AD) || Little horn||Second Coming ||Armageddon |
||People ||Bad angels ||Adam ||Noah || Christ || Israel || Church||Good ||Wicked ||Satan ||All Wicked |
|City ||Heaven ||Earth ||Earth || Disciples || Jerusalem || Church||Babylon the Great ||Gog, Magog |
|Sanctuary ||Throne ||Eden ||Earth || His Body || Temple || Truth ||False religion ||Earth |
|The End ||Exile ||Exile ||Death ||Crucifixion||Destroyed|| Martyred ||Seven Last Plagues ||Second death |
|The Flood ||Michael ||Satan ||Flood || Roman Army|| Europe ||Army of Christ ||Lake of fire |
|The Great Escape ||Sick Earth ||Ark || Heaven || Christians || America ||Heaven||Death ||Abyss ||No Escape |
Multiple Desolations in The Great War.
The desolations began in Heaven when Satan, one of the covering cherubs at the throne of God rebelled.
He was thrown out of heaven by Michael and His army (Revelation 12: 7).
Satan and his angels were banished to the earth. They literally escaped to earth. They exported the rebellion to earth and destroyed Eden so Adam was also banished to the earth, outside of Eden.
Almost two thousand years later, God had to destroy the earth with a flood because the rebellion had become extensive.
Two thousand years later Israel was exiled when Jerusalem fell, but the Christians escaped when the Romans temporarily abandoned the siege.
The church would later be martyred for another thousand years before it escaped to the new world.
At the end the Antichrist will be desolated when his false religion and the city of Babylon the Great fall.
At the third coming Satan will experience the final desolation when God and Magog fall in hell fire.
Chatak: Cut Off
The question is asked where on the 2300 year continuum is the 490 years? How can we know which portion of the 2300 days is cut off or cut out?
The prophecy identifies when the 490 years begins, but it may not necessarily be the beginning of the 2300 years.
The one constant we have is the location of the 490 years (the Mar'eh). It is about the Messiah being cut off. So there is no scenario where it ends with the Messiah's triumphant return.
So we can pinpoint this portion of the prophecy.
There are only three possibilities.
|The Rampaging Goat||The Ram Broken
||The Rampaging Little Horn||Horn Broken
|Sanctuary, People, City Trampled||490 Years||Sanctuary, People, City Trampled||Sanctuary |
|1 ||Sanctuary Trampled||457 BC||486.5|
|34 AD ||1810 Years ||1844|
|Start||"?" Years ||34 AD ||"?" Years||End|
|3 ||2267 BC||1810 Years ||31 AD ||34 AD||The Sanctuary Was Not Restored|
|Heaven and Earth (Church) Trampled||Heaven Restored
||The People Trampled||People Restored
- Beginning (457 BC). Our lesson supports this view.
The rampaging satanic goat kills the Ram which existed before him. Then a little horn (a mirror image) springs up to repeat its work.
- Future Events (Daniel 8: 17, 19, 26). Daniel says the vision (mar'eh) was for many days in the future.
- Starts With Present Events.
All prophecies are about the future.
Few prophecies go back in the past and when they do it is to explain the roots of the rest of the prophecy in the future.
Revelation 12 begins with the fall of the dragon to explain his future actions and punishment.
Revelation 17 goes back in the past to explain the reason for the punishment of the little horn.
Daniel's prophecies have been consistent so far.
As the years roll by, his new visions start with the present status, not the past.
The starting point of his prophecies changed after the fall of Babylon.
That empire was no longer the subject of prophecy after Daniel 7.
So Daniel 9 starts with the actions of the Persian empire.
- Starts With Medo-Persia. They are included in the list of transgressors who are responsible for trampling on the property of God.
Babylon was no longer mentioned.
- Sanctuary And Host. The prophecy ends with the restoration of the sanctuary and people.
Judah and the second temple were restored before this prophecy ends. So the fulfillment could not be the return from Babylon and the building of the second temple.
In fact the prophecy begins with the restoration of the second temple and indicates that this temple will also be demolished.
It sounds convenient to spiritualize this fulfillment by looking to a sanctuary in heaven. Not so!
- Heavenly Promise. Abraham looked for a city whose builder and maker is God (Hebrews 11: 10).
- Heavenly City (New Jerusalem). Jesus returned to create a place for us in heaven (John 14: 2-3). He will return with a city built in heaven (Revelation 21).
- Heavenly Sanctuary. So what are the odds that this heavenly city has a sanctuary (Hebrews 9:11)?
- Heavenly High Priest. Jesus now ministers in that sanctuary.
- Heavenly People. History is just waiting for the restoration of the people.
|Restoring And Rebuilding The Sanctuary|
|America ||Flee Persecution||Millerites ||World ||Israel ||Jerusalem ||Temple Mount||Mishkan Science|
|Refuge ||People||Doctrine ||Land ||The Place of His Sanctuary||Sanctuary Secrets|
|1492 ||1620-1948||1844 ||1800s ||1948 ||1970||2008|
- Bringing Down Ones From Heaven (Daniel 8: 10). Only Rome did this. They brought down the Messiah and the Satanic horde was thrown out of heaven because of this.
- The Little Horn Tramples. According to Daniel 8: 13-14, the horror of the little horn occurs during the 2300 years, so the destruction of the second temple by Rome must occur within those 2300 years and the people must be persecuted within those years.
We focus on the second temple as the object of destruction because when Daniel received this vision, he had been a casualty of the destruction of the first temple and this vision was about the future. This time it was the little horn who trampled the sanctuary.
- Other Prophecies. It agrees with the events of other prophecies concerning the Messiah and the "Abomination of Desolation". Rome put in power the final abomination of desolation. It's power was not achieved by a military conquest like all the previous powers.
- Middle (Cut Out).
It is almost impossible to tell where to place these events. There are 2300 possibilities. We can only go back to Daniel 8: 14 to begin to look at several possibilities.
The start of the 2300 days begins with the career of the horror that tramples the people. There are only three in the narrative but since Babylon fits some of the description we will add them.
Since the prophecy can start with some significant event within the reign of these transgressors I will look for events of historical significance around the end of the time period that relates to a restoration of the property of God, either His people, city or sanctuary.
The prophecy includes the Persian empire. So any timeline that begins after their fall is invalid.
In a spiritual interpretation one could say that the people are the sanctuary and city.
The people were being restored but not to the Promised Land. The physical city and the heavenly sanctuary were not restored until after 1844.
- Egypt [1500 BC - 801 AD]. The papacy was consolidating power and the Arabs were securing Jerusalem. The property of God was in greater jeopardy.
- Babylon [609 BC - 1692 AD].
The American continent was discovered and was fulfilling its prophetic role as the place where the saints fled to escape the dragon. People were fleeing European persecution at this time.
The first Jewish colony in the New World was established in Recife, Brazil in 1642.
The Jews emigrated to New York in 1694. The people were being restored but the sanctuary was not.
- Ram (Medo-Persia) [539 BC - 1762 AD]. The French Revolution will soon begin and cause the fall of the "little horn", freeing the persecuted people of God.
Persia Frees Israel [457 BC - 1844 AD]. Our solution uses this date. The Millerite movement led to the rediscovery of the importance of the sanctuary and the ministry of Jesus Christ as our great High Priest in heaven and the significance of Yom Kippur was understood.
The land was also being freed in the sense that the era of slavery would come to an end across the globe.
Prior to this, for thousands of years in every culture, the economic system was built on slavery of some form.
The restoration is global.
- Goat (Greece) [331 BC - 1970 AD]. Israel received control of Jerusalem and the temple mount in 1967 after the six day war.
The nation had been restored in 1948 and the Torah in 1947 (Dead Sea Scrolls). Now the city and the place of the sanctuary have been restored.
Since the Islamic temple sits on the temple mount causing a point of contention it is not a complete victory.
The prophecy starts with Persia, not Greece, and the scope is so narrow (physical Israel) it is not the total fulfillment.
The restoration of the sanctuary and people must include the Gentile branch.
Greece seems to fulfill the prophecy because the best parts of the restoration are occurring during their 2300 year maturity.
By 1981 Greece became the tenth nation to join the emerging European Union - a ghost of the new ten horns of the dragon.
However, I acknowledge the validity of this view not because I believe that it is the fulfillment of the prophecy but because the events show a continuous movement to restore the people and sanctuary and religious knowledge since 1798.
Ending at this time shows that the Ram conquered the goat.
The Four Horns [323 BC - 1978 AD]. Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel at Camp David.
Antiochus Epiphanes [168 BC - 2133 AD]. The Greek terror coincided with the Roman rise.
By 2133 Greece may lose "the extension of life" granted to it according to the prophecy (Daniel 7: 11-14).
- Little Horn (Rome) [168 BC - 2133 AD]. The prophecy appears to be about the career of the "little horn".
By 2133 Rome, Persia and Babylon may also lose "the extension of life" granted to them.
- Sanctuary Science Knowledge Restored [293 BC - 2008 AD].
Finally, I had to look at the data to see if this event also fit a pattern. In 2008 the sanctuary was restored as a model of great science which will do much to restore the reproach on God and the Judeo-Christian religion.
Around 300 BC, the documents found in the Dead Sea Scrolls were being stored and the Great Library of Alexandria was built by Ptolemy I with a mission to store "all the knowledge of the world".
It was also a research institute and the home of scholars studying and producing new works in astronomy, physics, mathematics and the natural sciences. It was accidentally burned down by Julius Caesar in 48 BC.
I think the sanctuary knowledge stored in Exodus 26 beats them all.
Knowledge about the world and its origins has been restored.
- End (34 AD). This ends with the Holy Place being restored around the crucifixion.
The heavenly sanctuary was restored when Christ became the High Priest and the official sacrifice had been made and the types and symbols ceased.
If this view has merit then the 2300 days began in 2267 BC. What happened around this time?
Fortunately I researched time lines and developed my own before comparing it to others.
I found a 215 year discrepancy and traced it to an assumption made about Abraham's call.
So I kept the two lines as equally valid and will now show you what happened near that time.
Spiritual Restoration Incomplete.
The destruction of the second temple did not happen within the time period.
However, those looking at a purely spiritual interpretation could identify the body of Jesus as the sanctuary which was torn down at the cross and the heavenly temple as the sanctuary being restored with the inauguration of the High Priest.
The church was restored in heaven as Satan was cast out as the terrible high priest who was our accuser, not our representative.
All heaven acknowledged the forgiveness of sin and the reunion of their brethren at this time (Revelation 12: 7-10).
- Ussher's Chronology (After Noah). The Tower of Babel fell around 2247 BC and the flood happened around 2349 BC.
So this could be seen as a restoration of the sanctuary after the last great judgment and the subsequent trampling down of the movement started by Noah.
- Teachinghearts Chronology (Abraham). He was born when his father was 70 years old. So Abraham was a seed inside His father during this time.
He began the restoration of the sanctuary when He was chosen because of faith. Jesus Christ is the fulfillment, the Seed of Abraham through whom all the promises made to Abraham are fulfilled.
If we include the temple destruction and the destruction of the city then we will have the following starting points using my chronology.
The objection I have is that this goes too far back into the past and the sanctuary, city and people were still being trampled beyond 1798.
So the prophecy did not end by the second century AD.
- Second Temple Destroyed [2231 BC - 70 AD]. This starts around the time of Abraham's birth (2222 BC).
- Exiled From Jerusalem [2166 BC - 135 AD]. Judaism began around 2147 BC when Abraham was called.
Although I still support one position as the exact fulfillment, I do not want the incredible time coincidence to be lost.
God acts at specific times and timetables according to His own laws. Every despot, persecutor and loyal follower is subject to these guaranteed times.
In the lesson on Matthew 24 I show the incredible unity of long time events surrounding 1260 years that speaks to the fact that the 2300 year patterns are also not a coincidence.
It is 1260 years between the time the ten northern tribes were given over to Assyria to the time the church was given over for apostasy (722 BC to 538 AD).
Then it was another 1260 years for the rise and fall of the papacy (538 AD to 1798 AD).
This is a total of 7 prophetic years from the Assyrian captivity to the fall of the papacy, ending in a time when all branches of the church will be free.
It was 2520 years (2 x 1260) from the fall of ancient Babylon to the rise of Babylon the great (539 BC to 1981 AD).
So Babylon loses power seven times and the people of God lose autonomy seven times.
The Evidence For Jesus Christ As The Messiah
In our next lesson we will show all the evidence from the law and the prophets that Jesus is the Messiah.
Some of it is new and even more convincing and more comprehensive than the traditionally accepted evidence.
Here we will deal with the evidence that is related to time and candidates.
The prophecy says that the Messiah should appear sixty nine weeks after a decree to rebuild Jerusalem. There were three decrees.
Assuming any of the three decrees could be correct, we must look at what evidence there is for another possible candidate.
||Second Temple Period
||The First Decree by Cyrus
||The Second Decree by Darius
||Third-Fourth Decree by Artaxerxes
|55 BC ||36 BC
|Shimon Bar Kokhba
|| ||Too early
||125 BC Only Possible Messianic Period 110 AD
||2300 Days Continue
||House of Herod 37BC-70AD
|We know that the Messiah will appear at the end of the 69 weeks after one of these decrees (55 BC to 31 AD).
If we assume that we did not know what age He will be at that point, it will be reasonable to give a range of
forty years to seventy years on either side of the date of the end of all three decrees for Him to be possibly alive.
By law, the priest can only serve between thirty and fifty years old (Numbers 4: 3, 49).
However, if we allow a maximum range of seventy years, the only possible Messianic period in prophetic time is 125 BC to 110 AD.
Only Jesus appeared in this period or within 100 years of the outer limits.
Critics claim that with four decrees to choose from and a flexible number of years and our manufactured "prophetic time", of course we would identify Jesus.
Yet, as I clearly demonstrate, ONLY Jesus satisfies any of the scenarios.
God cleared a wide path in historical time so that the Messiah stands out.
The Timing Of The Three Decrees.
These are the times during which the Messiah could possibly appear.
The Messiah should appear during week sixty nine. We do not know what age he will be, therefore we will assume that he could be any age up to about seventy years.
Assuming that we also do not know which of the three decrees is the one prophesied, and
assuming that the time could be real time (one day is one day) or prophetic time (one day is one year), then we can establish the range of years in which the Messiah must appear.
If any of the three decrees are correct then the Messiah must appear within a reasonable time, sixty nine weeks of real time or (483 prophetic years) after the decrees were issued. And He must die three and a half years later.
There are six to eight possible time periods, four real times and four prophetic times if you also count the decree of Artaxerxes in 445/444 BC.
- Prophetic Time (538 BC - 44 AD).
483 years after the decrees are 55-51 BC, 36-32 BC, 27-31 AD and 40-44.
The point is, no matter which decree is used, only Jesus appeared in this period.
And only Jesus appeared within seventy years before or after any of these dates (125 BC - 110 AD), covering the total possible lifespan.
Judas Maccabee appeared 100 years too early and no one considers him to be the Messiah.
Bar-Kokhba appeared 100 years after but no movement survives him either.
All the other candidates appeared too late and no movement survives them.
They had no visible effect on the future. Only Jesus did.
- Real Time (538 BC - 457 BC and 444 BC).
The Messiah should have appeared within two to six years of one of the decrees. This is 544-532, 525-513, 463-451 and 450-438. He did not appear between 544 BC and 438 BC.
The major Jewish champions in those times were Zerubabbel, Nehemiah and Ezra, but they did not claim to be the Messiah and nobody recognized them as such.
These are the best possible candidates throughout history.
Using real time, Zerubabbel (521 BCE-485), a descendant of David, was a type of Christ who would rebuild the house of God.
His partial fulfillment of the attributes serve only as a sign of the Messiah on the day God overthrew kingdoms, principalities and powers at the crucifixion.
On that day, says the Lord of hosts, I will take you, O Zerubbabel my servant, the son of Shealtiel, says the Lord, and make you like a signet ring; for I have chosen you, says the Lord of hosts.
(Haggai 2: 23)
He was alive during the Persian era but Daniel said that the fourth kingdom would destroy the Messiah (Daniel 11: 22). So Zerubabbel is a type but he is too early.
- Judas Maccabee. A leader in the Maccabean revolt in 167 BC when the Greeks desecrated the temple under Antiochus Epiphenes.
He was killed in 160 BC in the battle of Elasa. No movement survives him. He did not claim to be the Messiah.
» Hasmonean Dynasty (False Priest-Kings). Alexander Balas the Greek ruler, awarded his brother Jonathan the office of priest and later king in the Hasmonean dynasty.
His father Mattathias was a lesser priest of the line of Jehoiarib, but not from the line of Zadok who should be priests.
Jesus was also a Priest-King from the line of David.
They were not from the line of David. A false dynasty with fake credentials rules when the Messiah came.
- Jesus Christ. He said that He was the Messiah. He even said that He is God.
He was crucified after a three and a half year ministry in 31. AD, but a worldwide movement survives Him. Thirty percent of the world is Christian.
- Jewish Messiahs (30-100 AD). These messiahs are on time but no movement survives them and they do not meet other requirements.
Theudas (44-46). He led an unsuccessful revolt with about 400 people.
It came to pass, while Cuspius Fadus was procurator of Judea, that a certain charlatan, whose name was Theudas, persuaded a great part of the people to take their effects with them, and follow him to the Jordan river; for he told them he was a prophet, and that he would, by his own command, divide the river, and afford them an easy passage over it. Many were deluded by his words. However, Fadus did not permit them to make any advantage of his wild attempt, but sent a troop of horsemen out against them. After falling upon them unexpectedly, they slew many of them, and took many of them alive. They also took Theudas alive, cut off his head, and carried it to Jerusalem.
Josephus (Jewish Antiquities 20.97-98)
Judas the Galilean. He is mentioned in the bible along with Theudas as unsuccessful movements.
For some time ago Theudas rose up claiming to be somebody, and a group of about four hundred men joined up with him.
But he was killed and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing.
After this man Judas of Galilee rose up in the days of the census and drew away some people after him.
He too perished and all those who followed him were scattered.
(Acts 5: 36-38)
Menahem ben Judah (70).
A zealot who led a revolt at Masada.
He was killed as a result of a conspiracy by another zealot.
- Shimon Bar Kochba (132-135).
The high priest, Rabbi Akiva, renames Bar Kosiba to Bar Kochba ("Son of the Star") said that he was the long awaited Messiah. He started a three and a half year revolt against the Roman occupation.
He was killed and the Jews were exiled from Israel and the land renamed Palestine.
No movement survives him.
A failed Messiah appears at the close of the wrath poured out on Israel.
- Other Jewish Messiahs. These messiahs are too late and no movement survives them.
Moses of Crete.
The Messiah was expected in 440 because of a computation found in the Talmud and the problems of the declining Roman empire pointed to signs of the times.
A man appeared in Crete who promised to lead the people through the sea back to Palestine.
On the day of their exodus they threw themselves into the sea and they either drowned or had to be rescued.
|133-135 ||440 ||684-705 ||720-723 ||Crusades ||1160 ||1240
|Bar Kokhba ||Moses of Crete
||Abu 'Isa ||Serene ||Several Messiahs ||David Alroy (Alrui) ||Abraham Abulafia
David Alroy (1171). He was born in Kurdistan in 1160 and appeared in Yemen claiming to be the Messiah during a time when the Muslims were determined to convert the Jews.
He was arrested and beheaded in only one year and believed that he would come back to life as proof of his claim.
- Shabbatai Zvi (Zevi). In 1665, a Turkish Jew who thought that he could get the Muslims to return Palestine to the Jews.
He converted to Islam after he was threatened with death or conversion.
This was a very important global movement that led to several claims by subsequent followers to be the Messiah or the reincarnation of Zevi.
|1295 ||1413 ||1502 ||1524-1532 ||1534-1572 ||1665-1755 ||1980's-1994
|Moses Botarel |
|David Reuveni |
and Solomon Molko
| Zevi and his |
|1626-1676 ||Followers of Zevi ||1678-1683 ||1726-1755 |
|Sabbatai Zevi ||Barukhia Russo, Miguel (Abraham) Cardoso (1630-1706), |
Jacob Querido, Löbele Prossnitz
|Mordecai Mokia ||Jacob Frank
Many prophecies indicate that the Messiah must come before the destruction of the second temple in 70 AD and the city of Jerusalem in 136 AD.
- The Destruction of the Temple.
The Messiah must come before the temple and the city are destroyed.
... and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.
(Daniel 9: 26)
When Daniel had this vision he was a slave in Babylon, taken there after the destruction of the first temple.
So the vision must be about a future temple.
- The Second Temple.
The glorious Messiah visits the inferior temple built after the people returned from Babylon.
Inferior Temple. Who is left among you who saw this temple in its former glory? And how do you see it now? Does it not seem to you like nothing in comparison?
Messiah Brings Glory to This Temple. The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former, says the LORD of hosts, and in this place I will give peace, declares the LORD of hosts.
(Haggai 2: 3, 9)
Since this temple was destroyed in 70 AD, the Messiah must have come before then bringing honor, glory and peace.
Herod had just completed an expensive remodeling project so that this also makes the temple glorious in its last days.
This prophecy settles the question of whether the prophecy was referring to a future temple.
Other prophecies state that the Lord will come to the temple.
When Jesus rode through the east gates towards the temple, the people blessed Him from the Temple.
Blessed is He Who comes in the name of the Lord. We have blessed You from the house of the Lord.
(Psalm 118: 26)
... And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to His temple ...
(Malachi 3: 1)
- The Tribe of Judah.
Shiloh (the One sent) must come when Judah was still identifiable as a tribe.
Shiloh Comes. The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a ruler's staff from between his feet until Shiloh comes, and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
(Genesis 49: 10)
When Jacob made this prophecy Judah was not king, yet the blessing recognized the monarchy as belonging to him, the fourth son. In fact Saul, from the tribe of Benjamin was the first king.
In addition, a son of David from the tribe of Judah will be on the throne forever, apparently contradicting this prophecy.
So when did the scepter depart from Judah and what does that phrase mean if Judah will be on the throne for eternity?
- Jewish Kings During The Times of The Gentiles. Israel was ruled by a succession of Gentile oppressors after Babylon.
During the Greek occupation there were other illegitimate kings.
First, the Hasmoneans (Maccabeans) from the tribe of Levi occupied the throne.
Then during the Roman occupation the Herodians (Idumeans or Edomites), descendants of Esau, became the kings and ended with Agrippa II who was exiled around 70 AD.
» The Sanhedrin (The Court).
The tribe of Judah was identifiable during this period even if they were not on the throne.
The Sanhedrin is believed to have been begun by Ezra and was ruled by the house of David.
So the law givers from the house of David existed when Shiloh came and their leadership gave the Jews some autonomy even though the occupiers appointed kings, high priests and local governors.
- The Prophecy Of The Rule Of Edom.
Obadiah and other prophecies predict that the Edomites would rule Israel when the Messiah came and would help the enemies of Israel.
The House of Herod were descended from the Edomites (Esau) and they were placed on the throne of Israel by Rome.
The Herodian kings were responsible for the death of Jesus and some disciples.
- The Tribe of Judah.
Judah became a major tribe after the Assyrian captivity captured ten tribes.
After the destruction of the records in 70 AD, the exile of the nation in 136 AD and 2000 years of obscurity, the ability of an individual to identify with the tribe is gone.
So Shiloh must have come.
- The Scepter of the New Covenant.
Shiloh means "until he comes to whom it belongs". Jesus is the owner of the scepter of Judah.
The blood of Jesus is the blood of the new covenant. The scepter or stick of Judah was now joined with Joseph.
Judah was no longer the exclusive line of the monarchy. In fact, Joseph seems to have preeminence as he claims a double inheritance.
The Scepter. ... Look, I will take the stick of Joseph which is in the hand of Ephraim ... and I will put them with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they will be one in My hand.
(Ezekiel 37: 19)
However, look at the remarkable way in which two seemingly opposing prophecies were fulfilled.
The scepter departed from Judah, but a Son of David from the tribe of Judah is on the throne forever with a new scepter that is partly Judah!
- The Gathering of the Peoples. He will gather the people and they will obey Him.
- The Second Temple Period. Jewish tradition in the Talmud states that the Messiah should appear during the Second Temple Period.
This period lasted from around 515 BC to 70 AD. Only Zerubabbel, Judas Maccabee and Christ meet this requirement, Bar-Kokhba did not.
The Works Of The Messiah.
The Messiah is associated with certain works, some of which appear to conflict.
He also has an established lineage.
- The Line Of David. We know that Jesus was from the line of David through both Mary and His step-father Joseph.
Judah Maccabee is from the tribe of Levi. They were priests who illegally took away the throne from the Davidic line.
Bar-Kokbah and Zvi cannot trace their lineage because the temple records were destroyed.
» Bar-Kokbah. However, since the Jews at that time thought that Bar-Kokbah might be the Messiah, we will assume that he was from the line of David.
» The Temple Records. Since the temple records were destroyed in 70 AD no one can accurately establish their lineage anymore.
Therefore, they cannot prove their ancestry to David as a requirement for being the Messiah.
The gospels of Matthew and Luke establish His lineage to David through Joseph and Mary. Judging by the initial reception that He received, Jesus must have met this qualification.
This historical acknowledgement should also be proof that substitutes for the subsequent loss of the records.
- 3.5 to 7 Year Period. An important period of 3.5 or seven years is associated with His works.
- The Work Of The Messiah. Only Jesus fulfilled all the works that were to be done by the Messiah.
No other candidates had miracles attributed to them except for the miracle of the Hanukkah lights which occurred during the Maccabean revolt. But the miracle was not attributed to Judas or any of his brothers.
|Requirements Fulfilled by The Major Candidates|
|Type of Time →||Real||Prophetic Time||Too Late|
|Year → ||521BC ||167BC ||31 AD ||-||132 AD||- ||1665 ||All Future |
|Candidate ||Zerub ||Judas ||Jesus ||Kokhba ||Zvi |
|Second Temple || || || || || |
|On Time || || || || || |
|Line of David || || || || || |
|Miracles, Works || || || || || |
|3.5 or 7 Years || || || || || |
|Redemption || || || || || |
|Rejected || || || || || |
|Suffer || || || || || |
|Successful || || || || || |
|Conqueror || || || || || |
|Zerubabbel fulfilled some of the signs around 521 BC|
- The Suffering Messiah. Only Jesus appeared to experience a life as the lamb of God.
The Jews objected to this conquered Messiah. But the overwhelming evidence in the laws and feasts are that the Messiah would suffer.
- The Conquering Messiah. No one has fulfilled this yet. Technically, Jesus did conquer death with His death and He dethroned our enemy Satan.
But the prophecies are clear that He must also destroy all enemies.
Jesus says that He will appear as a physical conqueror when He returns.
None of the prophecies disallow Him from fulfilling the prophecies in this manner with separate appearances.
The major Jewish objection to Jesus is that He did not conquer their enemies.
But no other future champion for the Jews can claim to be the Messiah because he would be too late to fulfill the other Messianic duties. The time is over and the temple is gone.
No future Messiah can come to a rebuilt temple, because the Messiah must come to the second temple which is already destroyed.
No other past Messiah candidate has met this criterion either.
Therefore, the Jews must look for their Messiah in the past, before 70 AD And they must reevaluate any objections that they have to the possible candidates as conquering Messiahs.
The Rambam: Jewish Messianic Requirements
Moses Maimonides (Rabbai Mosheh ben Maimon), the RaMBaM, is a Jewish sage, a rabbi, physician and philosopher who lived in the Middle Ages 1135-1204.
He was born in Spain (Almoravid Empire) and became the head of the Jewish community in Egypt where he died.
He wrote the 14 volume Mishneh Torah and was an expert in the Oral Torah and Talmudic law.
He claimed that the requirements for the Messiah have not been met, so all messianic claims to date have been proven false.
His list of criteria on the identity of the Moshiach serve as the guide to current Jewish objections and are in the book, Mishneh Torah, Sefer Shoftim, Hilchot Melachim U'Milchamoteihem, Chapter 11.
If we assume that Jesus Christ existed and that the reports about His life in the Gospels and the New Testament are true then this is my response.
"If a king will arise from the House of David who is learned in Torah and observant of the mitzvot [the Torah's commandments], as prescribed by the written law and the oral law, as David his ancestor was, and will compel all of Israel to walk in [the way of the Torah] and reinforce the breaches [in its observance]; and fight the wars of G-d, we may, with assurance, consider him the Moshiach.
- From The House Of David (Luke 3: 23-38 and Matthew 1: 1-17). Two accounts of His lineage from His Mother and Step-Father's side show that He was from the tribe of David. Since there is no record of any objections against that claim from His enemies then we will assume that this is true.
- Knows The Torah. They called Him Rabbi and He taught in the temple. Even at the age of twelve His knowledge and wisdom were astounding.
A Twelve Year-Old Genius Of The Torah.
And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.
And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.
And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.
(Luke 2: 42, 46-47)
No Formal Education.
Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught.
And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never learned?
(John 7: 14-15)
The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.
(John 3: 2)
- Respects And Obeys The Torah.
Heaven and earth still exist and according to the book of Revelation everything has not been fulfilled, so according to the words of Jesus nothing in the law has changed.
The Law Outlasts The Earth.
For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
(Matthew 5: 18)
The Law Will Not Be Destroyed.
Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
(Matthew 5: 17)
- Admonishes Israel To Obey The Law.
The previous verses establish the fact that Jesus came to uphold the law.
However, how can we explain the exceptions and what does it mean to fulfill the law?
Is this a loophole to nullify the law?
- Jesus Fulfills The Law.
The only law that has been abolished is the law of sacrifices. However, based on Jesus' claim that He is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world, these laws have technically not been abolished because of His fulfillment.
We still obtain atonement from sin because of the blood of an innocent who was sacrificed.
By becoming the perfect sacrifice, He fulfills the covenant that neither mortal priests, bulls nor goats could never accomplish (Hebrews 7-9).
He will bring everlasting righteousness (Daniel 9). We no longer have to sin because the law will be written in our heart.
- Jesus Magnifies The Law.
No matter how much His attitude towards the law seems to reflect the character of God, the claim could still be made that He dishonored parts of the law.
However, even these laws He did not annul.
The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness' sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honourable.
(Isaiah 42: 21)
- Do Not Judge.
One Messianic prophecy says that He will be a righteous judge who sets up a righteous court.
As the judge of a righteous court, He no longer designates humans as the judge and jury in certain matters.
This explains His command to not judge. This is His only way to guarantee righteousness in His name.
Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:
(Luke 6: 37)
- Retaliation. The righteous judge has asked us not to take vengeance. He will.
Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:
But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also
(Matthew 5: 38-39)
God Takes Vengeance.
Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
(Romans 12: 19)
- Hate Enemies.
The Gentiles are no longer enemies but brothers and come under the umbrella of laws that compel us to love each other.
Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.
But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
(Matthew 5: 43-45)
However, Satan and the wicked are outside this realm of protection and at the end of time, Jesus Himself will seek vengeance according to these laws and He will put enmity in our hearts against Satan to fulfill the promise to Eve (Genesis 3: 15).
As far as we can tell, the Jews have never observed the land Sabbaths or the jubilee in regards to the forgiveness of debt and lending in the later years.
Here, Jesus asks us to obey the spirit of these laws every day.
Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.
But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.
(Luke 6: 30, 35)
- Land Sabbaths.
From the sentence of exile in Babylon, we know that the land Sabbaths can be kept in the exile for all the years they were not observed by the people.
In the millennium away from earth, God kept these promises to the earth by giving 6000 years of weekly Sabbaths and 6000 years of land Sabbaths denied.
Both of these are 1000 years of unkept Sabbaths.
- Bridegroom. As the Bridegroom He does not wage war for the first year of His marriage. Therefore, when He rescues the bride (Israel) at the Second Coming, He puts the wicked people to sleep and waits for 1000 years before He judges and destroys them.
- Blood Avenger. As the High Priest He protects us in the New Jerusalem and as our blood avenger, He destroys the wicked.
- Reinforce The Breaches.
Jesus reinforces the breaches by magnifying the law.
He tackles the man-made traditions that have nullified the law and dishonored God.
But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
(Matthew 15: 9)
He honored the Sabbath even in death by resting in the grave.
However, they accused Him of Sabbath breaking because of His works on the Sabbath.
And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out?
How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
(Matthew 12: 11-12)
Jesus exposed their illogical, harsh thinking by showing that it was in the character of God to do good on the Sabbath especially if it involves freeing the living from any chains of circumstances that bind them in slavery.
If you can give rest from bondage on the Sabbath then you have kept the Sabbath.
- Honor Parents.
When they challenged Him about ignoring the tradition about washing, Jesus retorted about their observance of tradition that broke the law.
They were neglecting their duty to take care of their elderly parents by claiming that that money was a gift for God.
But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
(Matthew 15: 3,6)
Even as He was dying on the cross, He honored His mother by arranging for her care.
He honored His Father by submitting to death and alienation and loneliness to accomplish the will of God to save the human race.
- Adultery. He even said that Moses was being lenient, because God's intentions were that the marriage contract can only be broken by infidelity and death.
Their lenient divorce practices were creating an atmosphere of serial adultery.
But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.
(Matthew 5: 32)
Adultery And Lust. He magnified the law by elevating it to spiritual sins.
But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
(Matthew 5: 28)
- Murder, Anger And Hate.
Hating our brother is inexcusable. Satan is our enemy.
Ye have heard that it was said of them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:
But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment:
(Matthew 5: 21-22)
- Tithe and Important Matters.
He upheld the law about tithes but complained that the Pharisees were concentrating on the least important aspects of the law while neglecting the parts of the law that upheld the picture of what God is like - faith, mercy, justice and goodness.
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
(Matthew 23: 23)
- SHEMA. He agreed with the SHEMA about what is the most important principle of the law.
And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.
And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
(Luke 10: 27-28)
Who Is My Neighbor.
However while they had no problem with God, they had a problem with identifying their neighbour.
But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?
Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves?
And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.
(Luke 10: 29, 36-37)
In this parable of a priest and a Levite and a Samaritan (mixed Jew) He showed that our neighbor is any human being in need and the true child of God is anyone who acts like God.
- Fights The Wars Of God.
We need to identify the enemies of God and the wars Jesus has to win.
The enemies of God are far greater than Rome and in order to fulfill the covenant with Adam, Eve, Noah and Abraham He has to defeat all enemies, even by paying a ransom to redeem us.
Jews need to look beyond the narrow scope of the physical land of Israel and look at their mission in the light of the entire story of the earth.
- War On Rome (Broken By Rome). The problem with the Jewish scope is their narrow interpretation that Jesus should have defeated the Romans if He was the real Messiah.
I was happy to see that the Rambam quoted Daniel, because it was Daniel 11: 22 which also predicted that Rome would break the Prince of the Covenant.
So despite Jewish expectations, Jesus must be the Messiah Prince of the Covenant because He did not conquer Rome, He was broken by them.
Prince Of The Covenant Broken.
And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.
(Daniel 11: 22)
How do we know that this refers to Rome?
Daniel 11: 1-5 clearly establishes a sequence of powers from Medo-Persia and Greece to the power that would break the Prince.
Daniel also predicts that the Messiah Prince would be "cut off" 490 years after the order to rebuild the second temple and just before they destroyed this second temple.
And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
(Daniel 9: 26)
Even if you disagreed that this prophecy was about Rome it is still clear that somebody would defeat the Messiah and your claim to a victorious military Messiah goes away.
- War On Satan (Redemption From Sin). At what other time has the Jewish nation been in slavery to another nation on earth so that they need to be redeemed or bought back? Not since Egypt.
So, if the Messiah is to be our redeemer, then it must be at a time when we are in a state of slavery or some kind of debt bondage.
The only other picture of national or global bondage is our slavery to sin and Satan.
The Jews must look further than Abraham to the events of Eden and the promise made to Adam and Eve.
Through Abraham, the redeemer promised to Eve would come.
His job was to put enmity between humans and the serpent.
By becoming the permanent and indestructible sacrifice and ransom for sin when He submitted to the crucifixion, He redeemed us from Satan.
- War On The Nations (A Galactic War). Revelation 12, 19 and 20 describe a conflict that is far greater than the confines of the land of Israel.
The experience of Israel is the model of how that war will be fought and won.
The promises to Israel become the promise to the planet earth for all overcomers.
An Ancient Conflict.
And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,
And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.
And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
(Revelation 12: 7-9)
The Messiah Wages War.
And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.
And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, King Of Kings, And Lord Of Lords.
(Revelation 19: 11, 14-16)
The Enemies Defeated.
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog, and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
(Revelation 20: 7-9)
If the Jews are still waiting for a king from the tribe of Judah they must face the fact that at this time they cannot verify such a claim and since their government is no longer a monarchy they cannot expect the Messiah to come out of the present political climate.
"If he succeeds in the above, builds the Temple in its place, and gathers the dispersed of Israel, he is definitely the Moshiach....
- Succeeds In The Above.
We have definitely shown by the written record of His own actions that He has met all the requirements above.
Even on the requirement of "fighting the wars of God" which to most Jews meant failure to defeat Rome we actually prove that Daniel prophesied that Rome would defeat Him!
- Gathers The Dispersed Of Israel.
How will they measure this fulfillment?
In my estimation this is being supernaturally fulfilled by the actions of the Messiah who is now in heaven as the nation of Israel was formed and the spiritual Israel is being won at the end of time.
- A Jewish State.
If their restoration as a nation is the sign then it has been accomplished without any identifiable charismatic human Jew at the helm.
After almost 2000 years of wandering, the Jewish state became a nation again in 1948 since 136 AD when Hadrian exiled them.
The dispersed have been gathered. Where is the Messiah?
In the 65 years since the state has been established none of these leaders have emerged as the Messiah nor have they claimed this title.
In fact, their top leaders when the nation was established were atheist (David Be- Gurion and Golda Meir), one was female - definitely not the Messiah.
- The 10 Lost Tribes.
If their criteria is the gathering of the ten lost tribes then verifying that would be impossible unless God Himself is revealed to the world.
At the time of Christ these tribes were intermixed with the nations and became the hated Samaritans.
- The 12 Tribes.
We cannot identify the ten lost tribes even though we may have some proof that Africans, Indians and Chinese claim to have Jewish traditional practices.
The two tribes who occupied Israel at the time of Christ cannot even identify themselves by tribe.
Isolated groups across the globe claim to be Jewish and there has been an exodus to Israel since WW2 and after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Most Jews live comfortably outside of Israel and will remain dispersed.
Children of Israel have been gathering but who can verify that the twelve tribes are there?
- Builds The Temple In Jerusalem.
Based on Daniel 9: 27, the evangelical Christians expect a third Jewish temple to be rebuilt that the Antichrist will occupy and animal sacrifices will start again.
This verse and its surrounding verses mention nothing about a temple.
Rambam expects the Messiah to rebuild the temple.
Jesus said that His kingdom is not of this world and there will no longer be a physical temple because the redeemed are the temple.
He also said that His body is a temple that would be destroyed and rebuilt in three days at His resurrection.
|| Glory. King-Priest
- Amos's Temple.
Amos lived in Judah around 750 BC during the time of the division of the kingdom.
Solomon's temple existed and would remain for about another 150 years, but the kingdom of Judah was separated from the ten northern tribes.
So this prophecy is not about a temple but about the house of Judah.
In the day when God raises the tabernacle of David, He will sift Israel among the nations. This was fulfilled after the events of 70 AD and 136 AD.
The Fallen House Of David.
For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth.
In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old:
That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by my name, saith the Lord that doeth this.
(Amos 9: 9, 11-12)
In Acts 15:14-17, the Bible teaches that this is being fulfilled by the spreading of the Gospel to the Gentiles.
Jesus, from the tribe of Judah takes over the house of David and includes the Gentiles.
This agrees with the claim that the church is the royal house and temple that God intends to build.
- Ezekiel's Temple. Ezekiel was taken in the first group of captives to Babylon in 597 BC when he was 30 years old.
He prophesied about the destruction of the first temple which occurred in 586 BC.
When he was 50 years old he had this vision before the second temple was built.
Ezekiel 40-48 describes a future temple and city that is neither the second physical temple nor the division of the land of Israel.
This temple describes the spiritual temple being built by Jesus Christ.
Revelation 11: 2 talks about this temple that would be measured (judged) and trampled upon by the enemies of God.
The outer court will be available for the nations to trample.
In this spiritual temple, the earth is the outer court. The physical temple and its High Priest are in heaven.
The dimensions of the outer court and the land around it showed that the complex measured 600x600 cubits. It had 6 gates, 6 cubits high and 6 guard rooms 6x6 square.
The measurements with its preponderance of the number six point to the Antichrist, with the number 666, who will take over the temple.
- Zechariah's Temple. He lived during the reign of Darius of Persia around the time the first exiles returned from Babylon.
He prophesies that the Messiah would be both king and priest and he would build the temple with those who are "far off".
The Royal Priesthood.
And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD:
Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
Those who are far off will come and build the temple of the Lord. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you. And it will take place if you completely obey the Lord your God.
(Zechariah 6: 12-13, 15)
In his time the returned exiles, those who are "far off", built the second temple.
Then, after the Maccabees the office of king and priest were united under the Hasmoneans, although it was technically through Levi not Judah.
So with this prophecy and the next, the Jews had high hopes that the Messiah must appear during the second temple.
- Haggai And The Second Temple.
Speaking about the temple that was being rebuilt, he prophecied that this temple would be more glorious than Solomon's temple.
At this point we are dealing with the identity of a real building, not just a prophesied temple.
So how could it be more glorious when we have this record about it?
Inferior To Solomon's Temple.
In the seventh month, on the twenty-first of the month, the word of the Lord came by Haggai the prophet, saying: “Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the remnant of the people, saying: "Who is left among you who saw this temple in its former glory? And how do you see it now? In comparison with it, is this not in your eyes as nothing?"
(Haggai 2: 1-3)
It was so inferior that those who knew the first temple wept when they saw this one.
Weeping Over The Inferior Foundations.
But many of the priests and Levites and heads of the fathers’ houses, old men who had seen the first temple, wept with a loud voice when the foundation of this temple was laid before their eyes. Yet many shouted aloud for joy, so that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the people, for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the sound was heard afar off.
(Ezra 3: 12-13)
Yet Haggai said that this particluar structure would be more glorious than the first. How?
For thus says the Lord of hosts: Once more (it is a little while) I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land; and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations, and I will fill this temple with glory, says the Lord of hosts. The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine, says the Lord of hosts. The glory of this latter temple shall be greater than the former,” says the Lord of hosts. And in this place I will give peace, says the Lord of hosts.
(Haggai 2: 6-9)
This never happened, even after Herod remodeled the temple. Then the Romans destroyed it, ending all prophesies about it.
So if it was to be somehow more glorious then the glory must have appeared before 70 AD.
The Glory Of The Temple.
When the previous two temples were inaugurated, the glory of God showed approval by a physical sign of the presence of God called the shekinah glory.
The Glory Of Moses' Mishkan.
He erected the court all around the tabernacle and the altar, and hung up the veil for the gateway of the court. Thus Moses finished the work.
Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.
(Exodus 40: 33-35)
The Glory Of Solomon's Temple.
Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the house.
(2 Chronicles 7: 1)
The Glory Of The Second Temple.
Ezra 6: 15-22 did not record any miraculous response from God when the temple was finished and dedicated.
Herod was a great sinner, an Edomite and enemy of the Jews who enlarged and beautified it, but he was certainly not the Messiah.
He was a foreigner, not from the tribe of Judah.
If this temple is inferior in physical structure, devoid of the Ark of the Covenant and was not inaugurated with fire from heaven and lacked the shekinah glory, then how could this temple doomed, to be destroyed by the Romans, be more glorious than either the Mishkan or Solomon's temple?
What could be more glorious than the visible sign of the presence of God and fire from heaven?
Jesus visited this temple. Only the visible, physical presence of God in person and the Holy Spirit coming down with fire on the disciples could fulfill this prophecy.
Jesus and His followers are the temple built by God.
God used fire to inaugurate His new sanctuary.
And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
(Acts 2: 2-4)
The God Who Answers By Fire.
Besides the inauguration of the temple, God used fire from heaven to signal His approval,
And David built there an altar unto the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the Lord; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering.
(1 Chronicles 21: 26)
Elijah And The Prophets Of Baal.
And call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the Lord: and the God that answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken.
Then the fire of the Lord fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.
(1 Kings 18: 24, 38)
In 2 Kings 1 Elijah kept using fire from heaven to destroy the army sent to arrest him.
When the Antichrist tries to trick the world into believing that he is God, he uses fire from heaven - a work that he either did not know how to do or was not allowed to do in the days of Elijah.
And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men.
(Revelation 13: 13)
And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
(Revelation 20: 9)
So my question to the Jews is, "if both prophecies were about the rebuilding of the temple before the second temple was built, then the second temple fulfills their prophecies". This is why your ancestors expected the Messiah to come to that temple.
They saw the lack of physical glory and they correctly concluded that the Messiah had to be the one to make it glorious.
So, while the second temple, this subject of prophecy, still stands the following must occur.
- Priest-King. The appearance of a King-Priest who brings peace.
Jesus claims to be a Priest-King from the tribe of Judah who brings peace between heaven and earth.
The Hasmoneans were a dynasty of priest-kings from the tribe of Levi who did not bring peace and will not fulfill any more prophecy. They are a false dynasty.
- House Of David Rebuilt. A King from the tribe of Judah will come. Jesus is from this tribe. Herod remodeled this temple but He was not even an Israelite.
He is a false king.
- House Of David Possesses Edom. Herod was an Edomite who ruled Israel. His rule ended with the temple, and the Jews never ruled Herod because they became more outcast.
However, Christianity became popular and conquered Rome and survives 2000 years later.
- House Of David Possesses The Heathens Called By His Name. Three years after His crucifixion, Christianity spread more among the heathen nations to become the largest religion.
- Temple Built By Those "Afar Off".
The Babylonian exiles rebuilt the second temple.
However, it is the Gentile outcasts who have largely built this spiritual temple and it is the scattered Jews at the end of time who will join in to give the needed push to their efforts.
- The Desire Of Nations. The nations flocked to Jesus.
- The Second Temple More Glorious. Jesus visited and taught in this temple and the glory will increase even more when the nations come to Him.
Ezekiel and Zechariah, prophesying in the wake of the destruction of the first temple, testified about the future temple.
Jews have believed, for a very good reason, that the Messiah would come during the time of the second temple.
They cannot ignore these facts now to distance Jesus Christ from any claims of fulfillment.
» A Physical Temple.
So my best evidence will be to point to the miraculous city that will be built by the Messiah and placed on top of the Mount of Olives, according to Zechariah 14: 4-11.
Since the temple is in the city all predictions of a man-made temple are erroneous.
Since Jesus meets all the other tests the question to ask is if Jesus can also meet this test?
The answer is yes.
Since all time has expired and anchoring events have passed or been destroyed no other candidate can possibly arrive to claim this title because history has already disqualified him.
Disqualification. In a statement aimed squarely at Jesus Christ, he dismisses Jesus' claim as follows.
"If he did not succeed to this degree or he was killed, he surely is not [the redeemer] promised by the Torah. [Rather,] he should be considered as all the other proper and complete kings of the Davidic dynasty who died. G-d only caused him to arise in order to test the many, as [Daniel 11:35] states; "and some of the wise men will stumble, to try them, to refine, and to clarify until the appointed time, because the set time is in the future."
- Killed. Daniel said Rome will "cut off" and "break" the Messiah Prince.
And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.
(Daniel 11: 22)
So this is incorrect.
The Messiah will not rescue them from the Romans. He will die at the hands of the Romans!
Since the western Roman empire ended in 476 AD and the eastern Roman empire fell 1000 years later in 1453, then the Messiah should have come before this time.
The Pharisees believed in the resurrection of the body. After the collapse of the Jewish priesthood class (Saducees) with the fall of the temple in 70 AD, it was the Pharisees who became the forefathers of current Rabbinical Judaism.
So it is not surprising that the Rambam believed in the resurrection of the dead based on Daniel 12:2,13. But he also believed that the resurrected will die again.
So the objection that the Messiah cannot be killed is purely subjective.
If He is as great as He claims and He is sent by God who has power over the resurrection, then He could certainly die and be resurrected as long as He fulfills the works of the Messiah.
So the important questions to ask is did Jesus' death curtail His mission or was it part of His mission and was He resurrected?
- Miracle Worker. The Moshiach will usher in an age of miracles, and will come in a miraculous manner.
- Justice. The Moshiach will establish a righteous court.
Problems In The Gap
A discussion of this prophecy would not be complete without a discussion of a very popular interpretation of this
time prophecy called the Gap Theory. It states that the last week is split off from the seventy weeks and moved to the future because Christ did not fulfill everything required.
|Summary of The Gap Theory|
|69 Weeks |
||2000+ Year Gap||1 Week |
- Messiah. The first 69 weeks is interpreted about the same as we do. But they say that Christ did not complete His mission in Daniel 9: 24.
- Seven Years. The last week is split off and thrown into the future when Christ will complete His mission.
- Antichrist. The Antichrist will appear and he will fulfill Daniel 9: 27.
- Rebuilt Temple. A temple is built in Jerusalem before the Antichrist comes
- Animal Sacrifices. They begin again.
- The Assumptions. There are many assumptions made based on the Gap theory.
The prophecy does not explicitly state the following points. But they are assumed because of the interpretation
that "he shall cause sacrifice to cease".
- The Antichrist. Although the text was about Christ, the interpretation says that the "He" at this point is the Antichrist.
They apply all prophesies about the Antichrist to Daniel 9.
But 2 Thessalonians 2: 6-12 is the prophecy from Daniel 7 and 8 not Daniel 9.
- A Peace Treaty. The covenant he makes for one week is a peace treaty that lasts for seven years. He makes a covenant at the beginning of the seven years and then breaks it after 3½ years.
- Sacrifices Restarted. If sacrifice will stop then they must be restarted in a new temple.
Given the perfect sacrifice of Christ, how could anyone think that God would restart useless sacrifices and when there is a promise of no death in the new earth?
- A Rebuilt Temple. If he causes sacrifice to stop and the Jews can only offer sacrifices in a proper temple, then the temple must be rebuilt.
The Real Temple and Lamb.
I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
(Revelation 21: 22)
- Daniel 9: 24 Not Fulfilled. They say that Daniel 9: 24 was not fulfilled by Christ. We show that they were.
- The Second Coming. It occurs after this transplanted seven years.
This is because 2 Thessalonians says that Christ will come after the "man of sin" is revealed.
They assume that this will be immediately after.
- The Antichrist Switch. The wonderful prophecy about the Christ suddenly switches to the Antichrist.
Verse 26 mentions the Messiah and a Prince that would come whose people would cause destruction.
Then the "he" in verse 27 and the entire verse is assigned to an evil "prince who is to come" of verse 26, not the Messiah.
But both verses mention the work of the Messiah and the Romans as we can see below.
|Verse ||Messiah (Prince) ||Jews ||Rome (Desolation)|
|26 ||Then after the sixty two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing
||and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary
||And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
|The Antichrist. He is the prince of the Romans who will come to destroy
||The Antichrist. He will destroy Jerusalem
||And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering.
||and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate|
| The Antichrist.
He will make a peace treaty and stop sacrifices 3.5 years later in a rebuilt temple
|| The Antichrist.
The many are the entire world.
The prince who is to come is the Antichrist.
| Christ. "He" is the Messiah who confirms the covenant
|| Christ. The "many" are the Jews with whom the covenant was confirmed, stopping animal sacrifices
|| God. He desolates Rome
Satan. Satan, the prince of this world, desolates Jesus
Sacrifices Stopped. Messiah stops all temporary animal sacrifices when He is cut off (sacrificed) as the eternal sacrifice 3.5 years after He began His ministry.
Covenant of Peace. He fulfills the covenant and reconciles us to God
|Prince (Jesus or Titus).
» Messiah. He is the Prince of the Covenant Who will come again. His people destroyed His body temple and scattered the disciples (city).
» Titus. He is the prince of the Roman army who destroyed the sanctuary.
» Hadrian. He destroyed the city.
|Rome is allowed to conquer because of the hostility to the Messiah. The curse is applied and the Romans destroy the city and the sanctuary just as Babylon did|
| The Antichrist.
This is the interpretation of those who believe the Antichrist fulfills these prophecies.
- Jesus' Interpretation. Jesus places the abomination of desolation in the future when the temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD.
So if the week was separated, then it must have been fulfilled by 70 AD.
This is the year that the temple was desolated by the Romans.
Therefore, when you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel, stand in the Holy Place (let him who reads understand), then let him who is in Judea flee to the mountains. (Matthew 24: 15-16)
This causes problems for certain interpretations.
- Praetorist. Therefore, those who apply this prophecy to Antiochus Epiphanes are incorrect because Jesus places this fulfillment in His future not in in the past.
- Futurist (Gap Theory). Those who place the interpretation at the end of time after a 2000 year gap are incorrect because Jesus places the fulfillment at the destruction of the temple in 70 AD.
- The Strong And Mighty Covenant.
The language suggests that this is a permanent covenant.
Therefore, the idea that "the end of sacrifice and grain offering in the middle of the week"
means a broken covenant is a false assumption.
| The Strong Covenant|
The Hebrew word gâbar is the word used for "strong".
It also means to prevail, to exceed, to confirm, to be great, mighty, strengthen, be valiant, make certain and steadfast.
Therefore, it carries the idea that this is an unbreakable fulfillment of the covenant.
It was because Jesus confirmed that covenant that we could put an end to temporary sacrifices.
Jesus fulfilled this at His death. This death also meant the ending of the temporary sacrifices and grain offering as
they were replaced with better sacrifices.
The strong and mighty covenant was kept. It was not broken.
- Relationship To The 2300 years. The connection to the 2300 years is ignored.
The seventy years is cut off another time period. It is not simply any random collection of time given to the Jews.
- No Precedent. We have never had an instance of a time prophecy that has been split up and scattered across time.
All time has been continuous, whether or not we have believed that the prophecy has been fulfilled or not.
- 7 years of plenty and 7 years of famine in Egypt.
- 40 years wandering in the desert.
- 70 year captivity in Babylon. The only known problem with this period is that critics charge that the Jews did not spend seventy years in Babylon.
However, if you count the time that the nation was under Babylonian control and occupation in 609 BC when Josiah was defeated in the battle of Meggido until the Medo-Persian invasion and Cyrus
freed them in 539 BC then it is seventy years of submission to Babylon.
- 1260 days, 3½ years, 42 months. The reign of the little horn.
- 1290 and 1335 days. Most people do not understand this time period that is connected to the end of time.
- 2300 days - from the Persians to the restoration of the sanctuary.
- Strange Mathematics. The theory would have us believe that 69 + 1 prophetic weeks = 2000 years + 70 prophetic weeks.
In real time that would be 490 real years = 2490+ real years.
It is illogical. It is unreasonable.
- A God of Confusion. God could have easily said that 69 weeks were given.
The argument that Christ did not fulfill the mission and therefore God had to stop the clock and place the last week into the future is not reasonable.
This would mean that God did not know that Christ would fail so He said seventy weeks.
Repetition and Enlargement
All Hebrew men were required to attend three feasts.
This prophecy tells us how God would fulfill the first two of the three feasts required to keep His part of the covenant.
- Passover. Nisan 14, 31 AD. The Messiah would die on the Passover.
- Yom Kippur. October 22, 1844. He would judge and vindicate His people on this day.
- Tabernacles. This is future. He would make His people perfect and take them to live with Him.
Daniel 9 gives the details of a part of the vision of Daniel 8: 14.
It specifically tells the details about the first 490 years.
Daniel 11 will give the details about the entire period.
Other prophecies discuss the judgment.
|Prophecy||Topic ||Repetition ||Comment|
|Daniel 2: 34, 44 ||Messiah ||Rock ||Christ replaces earthly kingdom |
|Daniel 7: 13-14 ||Son of Man ||Christ is given the kingdom |
|Daniel 8: 11 ||Commander of the Host ||The continual was removed from Him by the little horn |
|Daniel 9 ||Messiah ||The arrival and work of the Messiah during the Mar'eh |
|Daniel 11: 22 ||Prince of the Covenant ||Places the Messiah in the Roman period during the reign of a vile person. Tiberius Caesar the pedophile. |
|Revelation 19: 11 ||Faithful and True ||Jesus returns to conquer His enemies |
|Daniel 2: 34, 44 ||Judgment ||Rock smashes idol ||God sets up a kingdom |
|Daniel 7: 9-10, 13, 22 ||Thrones set up ||Christ takes the kingdom and judgment was passed in favor of the saints and against the "Little Horn" |
|Daniel 8: 14 ||Sanctuary cleansed ||Feast of Yom Kippur - the day of atonement would occur in 2300 years |
|Ezekiel 40 ||Measurement ||The sanctuary was measured |
|Revelation 11: 1 ||Measurement ||The sanctuary, altar and people of God were measured |
Nearly 500 years in advance, prophecy predicted
- The exact dates of the rebuilding and restoration of the Temple and Jerusalem.
- The date of the "Anointing" of Jesus as the Messiah Prince.
- The exact date (year, day, time) of His crucifixion (31 AD, during Passover, at the evening sacrifice).
- The end of the Jewish probationary period.
Through Prophecy we have unequivocal proof of Jesus' claim to be the Messiah. And by Jesus' fulfillment of the prophecy we see that He sealed the prophecy and the vision proving its reliability.
Seeing the accuracy of the 70 week prophecy we can depend upon God to have fulfilled the second part with equal accuracy in the year 1844.
So, in 1844, we see Jesus entering the final stage of His ministry. As Our High Priest he entered the Holy of Holies to begin the judgment and restore the church and knowledge about God and to remove all traces of evil.
Study to show yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.
2 Timothy 2: 15
||Time: 240 minutes
Print: 46 pages
Updated : June 2012
Author: Laverna Patterson. Editor: Patterson (January 2008)
Many other concepts were revealed by the Holy Spirit because of a gift. e.g. The cross, evidence, abominations and desolations, Christ as the curse. The symbolic attack on the sanctuary.
All images were created by Laverna Patterson and are the property of teachinghearts.
Other Messiahs. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_messiah_claimants
I did my best to recognize the Hebrew alphabets but I know some are incorrect.