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The Messiah (Moshiach) Comes
The 2300 Years (Daniel 8 and 9)

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Sanctuary Destroyed Babylon Medo-Persia Greece Rome Christ Sanctuary Destroyed Rome Papal Rome Europe Papacy Falls Sanctuary Restored Europe Rock Christ
Sanctuary Trampled Unealed 490 Days Sealed 1810 Days Sanctuary Restored
- 457 BC 2300 Days 1844 Sealed Time of the End

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Background
This is the most important prophecy you will ever study because it tells when the Messiah would appear.
Daniel is in distress according to Daniel 8: 26-27. Although the vision was explained, he did not understand. He did not understand the significance and time of the 2300 year prophecy.
His failure to understand the full vision was is conflict with the charge that was given to the Angel Gabriel to "...make this man understand the vision" (Daniel 8: 16). Gabriel had started revealing the vision to Daniel, but Daniel could not handle its impact. He fainted and was greatly troubled concerning its meaning (Daniel 8: 27).

As we demonstrated in the last lesson, the only part of the vision that was not explained was the time prophecy. In Chapter 9, we see Gabriel returning and completing the explanation of the 2300 year prophecy.

The Big Question. How Long?
Then I heard one holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, "How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, while the transgression causes horror, so as to allow the holy place and the host to be trampled?" (Daniel 8: 13).
This a picture of the two holy ones standing before God at the Ark of the covenant in the Most Holy Place. They see the people in the outer court and in the Holy Place being trampled. If it were possible, the destructive forces would go after the Most Holy Place in heaven, where they were.
Question: Heaven asks a profound question. "How long would Satan be allowed to continue his rampage?"
Answer: And he said to me, "For two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary shall be cleansed. (Daniel 8: 14).
They would be allowed to work for 2300 years! No wonder Daniel fainted!

The Symbols Of Daniel 8 And 9
Before we study the interpretation, let us look at the symbols.

1. Prophetic Time Symbols
One of the most important concepts to understand is prophetic time. God uses one day to be equal to one year of real time. (Numbers 14: 34 and Ezekiel 4: 6) This is discussed in more detail on this page.
The prophecies introduce a period of two thousand three hundred years for the trampled sanctuary to be restored.

DanielSymbols
2Pagan metal ages
4Tree of Life cut down
7Unclean Animals
8Sanctuary Animals
9Prince of the Covenant

2. Sanctuary Symbols
Chapter nine must be studied with chapter eight. In chapter eight, the symbols use sanctuary images and depict the destruction and trampling of the sanctuary during this period. Chapter 9 shows the details of the trampling and destruction of the Commander who is the Prince of the Covenant. The covenant is symbolized and memorialized in the sanctuary.

Daniel 8 - The Sanctuary and Feasts. The symbols are the destruction of the sanctuary and the people by the renegade scapegoat on the day of atonement.

Daniel 9 - The Covenant
This chapter is less symbolic than the previous. But the subject in Daniel 9 is based on the covenant. Since the sanctuary system was instituted to fulfill the covenant, it makes sense that the visions in both chapters is steeped in the covenant and its sanctuary. We left chapter 8 with the sanctuary in distress. The enemies of God were attempting to destroy the sanctuary, the people and their Messiah Lamb. And we find that God allowed it because of transgression in the people. But what does this say about the covenant? In it God promises to protect His people, make them righteous and make them triumph over their enemies. The answer comes in chapter 9 when God sets a time when He will send the permanent answer to the question of sin among His people. The answer is the Prince of the Covenant, the Messiah.

3. Symbols: The Trampling Of The Sanctuary And The People.
Historically, the trampling of the physical sanctuary, services and the people of God has occurred with each successive kingdom. The pagan empires destroyed the physical building and enslaved the nation of Israel. At His death, Christ became the high priest of a sanctuary in heaven that could not be destroyed. Papal Rome removed the knowledge of God and the ministry of Christ from the church and martyred the church.

The prophecy symbolized the destruction of the sanctuary by these powers. Each one escalates the level of the assault on the sanctuary. It is not meant to be a description of what was done historically. It is meant to simply show that each power contributed to the destruction of the sanctuary or the service of God in some manner.

Kingdom Symbol Year Sanctuary Destructive Actions
Babylon - 609-539First templeDestroyed the first temple (586). Exiled the people
Medo-Persia Ram 539-331Second temple-Enslaved Israel and tried to change their worship
Greece Goat 331-168 -Defiled the temple, forbid worship, occupied Israel, corrupted priests, sold the office of the high priest and replaced the true rulers with the Hasmonean dynasty
Pagan Rome Little Horn 31-70 ChristDestroyed the second temple and the Christ temple
70-132The Place of the SanctuaryJews exiled from Jerusalem. A mosque has been built on the temple mount since 715
Papal Rome 538-1798Christ (High Priest)Assumed the ministry of Christ as our only intercessor
538-End> Ark (Throne)Sits in the temple as God
538-End> Ark (Laws)Changed the laws (Sabbath, Passover)
600> Altar of IncenseMinistry of Christ as our high priest replaced with a human priesthood
1014> Table of Shewbread
(Drink Offering)
Blood is spilled. People martyred in the crusades and inquisition
1504> MenorahReformation. The Age of Enlightenment ends the dark ages
Europe Ten Horns 1844HeavenSanctuary Restored. The day of atonement began
After Christ returned to the permanent, indestructible sanctuary in heaven, the forces of evil concentrated on destroying the people, their connection to the High Priest and their respect for the laws.

Chazon (2300 Years)
Mar'eh
(490 Years)
Christ Sanctuary Destroyed Chazon
(1810 Years Remain)
Unsealed Explain Sealed Keep Secret

4. Symbols: The Vision
In Daniel two different Hebrew words are used to refer to this vision. The words are used in several chapters. When they are used, it is important to understand what section of the vision is being explained.

  1. Mar'eh (מראה) or Mar'ah (feminine). Means: View, appearance, the thing seen, pattern, mirror, shape or vision.
    It refers to the vision of the 490 days, part of the chazon. It is the vision about a man which ends with Christ.
    The Mar'eh was what was explained. The chazon was not explained. Gabriel explained the events from the Greek conquest of Persia to the attack on Christ by the Romans. But Mare'eh also means pattern and it is a pattern of what would occur in the chazon as the little horn attacked the people and the sanctuary in the same way it attacked the Messiah. Revelation 12 and 13 also shows this sequence of events. Unable to further persecute the child who escaped from the dragon, it attacked the woman and her other children. Unsealed Explain. The Jews were supposed to understand the prophecy that was fulfilled while they had the covenant. By the days of Jesus the Mar'eh was being fulfilled. Although Jesus tried to tell them that He was going to die they did not believe Him. However, Jesus explained some of the chazon in Matthew 24 and advised us to understand Daniel, yet He still kept some details hidden about how long it would take.
  2. Chazon (הזוך). Means: Mental sight, dream, revelation, oracle or vision.
    It refers to the long vision of 2300 days which starts with the Persian empire and concludes at the time of the end. Sealed Keep Secret. The prophecies that were fulfilled after they lost the covenant to the Gentiles were to be kept secret. The next temple, that has not been built yet, will also be destroyed and they will be exiled again.

The Babylonian Captivity
This event set in motion a time table which led to the first coming of the Messiah. Since prophecy is full of signs and repetitions, this may also be a template of the Second Coming of the Messiah to rescue us from captivity under Babylon the Great and resolve the problem of sin.
(70 Periods of Time) Unknown Time (490 Periods of Time)
Babylonian Captivity FreedomDelays Decree Decree End Sin Cross Messiah Comes
Control Slaves in Babylon Exodus Rebuild Jerusalem 483 Days3.5 DaysAlive3.5 Days
Slaves in Babylon the GreatAngel 1 Evangelism Holy Spirit Angel 2 130 DaysAngel 3 360 Days (Seven Last Plagues)
In the final exodus from Babylon, the decree to rebuild Jerusalem will be issued by God and it must be related to the latter rain and the declaration at the beginning of the seven last plagues that all the righteous at that point will be accounted righteous forever. It took three decrees to reach the point to count down the 490 years. It takes three proclamations to restore, rebuild and finish the city. This is what is called the three angel's message.

  1. First Angel (Restore). Turn to God as the creator. Restore His laws and truths.
  2. Second Angel (Rebuild). Get out of Babylon. A final urgent call to the people who are the temple to come out.
  3. Third Angel (Finish). It is finished! The plagues will fall on those with the mark of the beast.

Law: Land Sabbaths The Seventy Year Prophecy Of Jeremiah (Daniel 9: 1-2)
... When seventy years have completed for Babylon, I will visit you and fulfill my good Word to you, to bring you back to this place ... (Jeremiah 29: 10-15)

» Land Sabbaths Violated. This punishment was given because they violated the covenant to keep the Sabbaths.
to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths, all the days of its desolation it kept Sabbath until seventy years were complete. Verse 21. (2 Chronicles 36: 14-21)
According to Leviticus 25: 3-4, the land must rest every seven years. For 420 years they did not observe the Sabbaths of the land so, during the captivity, God gave back the land all the Sabbaths that it should have rested, seventy years. The dates show that the apostasy started around the time the temple was built and the covenant was read to the people.
12 Disobedient Tribes Assyrian Captivity Captive and Scattered in Babylon Persia
1025 BC Temple Built 985 Kingdom Divided 721 10 Tribes 609 2 Tribes 586 Temple Destroyed 539 BC
Apostasy (420 Years)Desolate Land Enjoys Sabbath (70 Years)

Daniel's Prayer of Repentance For Israel (Daniel 9: 3-19)
Daniel's prayer is structured according to the covenant curses. He recognizes that the people are in captivity because they had repeatedly violated the terms of the covenant and were now suffering the condemnation of the final curse, which is the wrath of God. Daniel acknowledged their sin and the right of God to give them this punishment under the legal terms of the covenant.

490 Year Prophecy Of The Messiah
Jewish Period Ending. "Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place.
The Messiah Comes. "So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress.
Cut Off. "Then after the sixty two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
Final Week. "And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate."
(Daniel 9: 24-27)

490 Years. Seventy Weeks. (Daniel 9: 24)
Remember that the angel came specifically to explain the 2300 days that were not explained in the previous vision.
seventy weeks are determined. (Daniel 9: 24)
2300 days (Daniel 8: 14)
Daniel 9: 25, 26 (70 Weeks Cut Off) Daniel 9: 27 1810 days
69 Prophetic Weeks 1 Prophetic Week
7 Weeks 62 Weeks 3½ days 31 AD - Crucifixion 3½ days 1810 years
49 years 434 years 3½ years 3½ years
483 Years 7 Years
457 BC decree to restore Jerusalem 27 AD Baptism 31
AD
Gospel to the Jews 34
AD
Stephen is stoned 1844 AD

The word "determined" is translated from the Hebrew word 'chathak' which means 'cut off'.
So, the seventy weeks are 'cut off' from the time 2300 year prophecy that Gabriel is explaining for Daniel.

Seventy weeks were given to the Jewish nation. They had just suffered the wrath of God for one series of disobedience when God allowed them to go into captivity under the Babylonians. Their final probationary period would last from the time they paid the penalty for disobedience until they once again filled up the cup of the wrath of God. This would happen when they rejected the Messiah who was to appear at the end of this time period.

Little Wheel 490 Years. Time seems to resolve events in chunks of 490 to 500 years, jubilee time. In fact, the famous 1260 year period is half of five of these periods. This makes it related to the five cycles of curses and half way between the time of freedom. Our prophecy is concerned with the period after the Babylonian captivity was over.
490 Years 490 Years 490 Years 490 Years -Wheel 490 Years -490 Years
After Babel 430 40 370 120 420 70 Years 483 7 Years34 AD Gentiles Called 538 AD
Abraham EgyptExodus JudgesKings RebellionBabylon The EndMessiah Christians Captivity

The First 483 Years (Sixty Nine Weeks). The Decree of 457 BC (Daniel 9: 25)
So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. (Daniel 9: 25)
The decree to 'restore and rebuild' Jerusalem. There were three decrees for restoring Jerusalem and the temple:

Kings of Persia
KingReignDecree
Cyrus II the Great559-530Decree538 BCEzra 1: 1-4
Darius the Mede539-536None
Cambyses II529-522
Bardiya (Smerdis)522
Darius 1522-486Decree519 BCEzra 6: 7-12
Xerxes 1 (Ahasuerus)486-465Married Esther
Artaxerxes 1 (Longimanus)465-425Decree457 BC Ezra 7: 11-12
444 BC Nehemiah 2: 1
Xerxes 2 424None
Sogdianus424
Darius 2 423-405
Artaxerxes 2 404-359
Artaxerxes 3 358-338
Arses 337-336
Darius 3 335-330
Alexander the Great330-323Greek Empire
Cyrus left Darius the Mede in charge as governor
Achaemenes, Teispes, Cyrus 1 and Cambyses ruled before the conquest of Babylon

The final decree in 457 BC restored the government of Israel to full authority and it is the starting point of the prophecy. The first two had dealt only with rebuilding the temple. It was not until the decrees of Artaxerxes in 457 BC that full restoration of the city occurred (Ezra 7: 21-28).

Three Decrees. Ezra recognized that the combination of the three decrees of Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes were required.
And they builded it and finished it according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus and Darius and Artaxerxes king of Persia. (Ezra 6: 14)

» The Seventh Year of Artaxerxes. How do we know that the third decree was in 457 BC? The key is determining the seventh year of the reign of Artaxerxes.
The Timing. He came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king. For on the first of the first month he began to go up from Babylon; and on the first of the fifth month he came to Jerusalem, because the good hand of his God was upon him. For Ezra has set his heart to study the law of the Lord and to practise it, and to teach His statutes and ordinances in Israel.
The Decree of Artaxerxes. Now this is a copy of the decree which king Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest, the scribe, learned in the words of the commandments of the Lord and His statutes to Israel. Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of of the law of God in heaven, perfect peace. And now I have issued a decree that any of the people of Israel and their priests and the Levites in my kingdom who are willing to go to Jerusalem may go with you. I, even I, king Artaxerxes, issue a decree to all the treasurers who are beyond the river, that whatever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, may require of you, it shall be done diligently.
(Ezra 7: 8-13, 21)
Ezra went to Jerusalem in this year. Artaxerxes ruled from 465 to 425 BC. We can calculate this from the following historical documents.

  1. Ptolemy's Canon. Documents the reigns of kings as far back as the seventh century BC and through the Roman empire. It lists the king, number of years he reigned and the number of years since the reign of Nabonassar.
    Evidence Artaxerxes ruled for 41 years, between 283-324 years after the rule of Nabonassar. Since the list continues through the Roman empire we can work backward from known dates of the reign of the Roman emperors. His reign ended 437 years before the end of Augustus Caesar's reign (27 BC to August 14 AD).
  2. Olympiad Dates. Classical historians accurately preserved Olympiad dates for Artaxerxes. These were transmitted from Xenophon and Thucydides through Plutarch to the Christian chronographer Julius Africanus.
    Evidence Artaxerxes started ruling in the fourth year of the seventy eighth olympiad (78.4) which is 465 BC.
  3. Cuneiform Text. (Compiled by Parker and Duberstein), Archeological findings of Babylonian Cuneiform texts providing a relatively complete catalog of dates for kings who ruled there from 626 BC to 75 AD.
    Evidence Counting backwards from the relative dates shows that be began to rule in 465 BC.
  4. Elephantine Papyri. Records written by Jews who lived on the island of Elephantine, in southern Egypt, during the Persian period. The dates were recorded with both the Persian-Babylonian lunar calendar and the Egyptian solar calendar dates. So this helps to fix the time of reign of Artaxerxes to our dating system. The records include sales and loans and other business transactions which are dated in the day, month, and year of the ruling king.
    Evidence Several papyri show that his seventh year was between 458-457 BC.

The Rebuilding
The prophecy starts with the giving of the commandment and reaches to the Messiah 69 years later. This is the seven and sixty two weeks. Some have speculated about why the prophecy divides the time into two sections and what happened in the seven weeks (49 real years). The answer could simply be their way of expression just as the old English expression of "three score and two years" means sixty two years. Whatever the reason that period of time is not necessary for understanding the starting point of the prophecy.

Most people believe that this time was related to the building of the temple. The prophecy makes no claims about what would be done during the seven years. John adds to the mystery by giving a time period that is almost equal to this time.
Then the Jews said, forty and six years was the temple in building, and will you rear it up in three days? (John 2: 20)

However, the answer to the riddle is not important. The start of the 69 weeks is dated from the commandment to rebuild, not the successful completion of the building project. And it clearly states the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem not just the temple.

» What Is The Correct Decree? Some interpreters place the important decree with Nehemiah, not Ezra, since that decree specifically addressed building the city and they date the decree to rebuild from this year (445/444 BC).
Times of Distress. it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. (Daniel 9: 25)
The prophecy states that the rebuilding will be done under distress. Historically, this is what happened.
Cyrus II Darius I Artaxerxes I
Decree
Year 1
Sanctuary Work Stops Decree
Year 2-6
Sanctuary Decree
Year 7
City Sanctuary ? Decree
Year 20
Walls Rebuilt
(538/7) Decree 1(519) Decree 2(458/7) (City, walls, temple)(445/4) Finishes walls in 52 days
Zerubabbel: Foundation and Temple EzraNehemiah
Ezra 6: 3-4; 5: 16 Ezra 4:21-24 Ezra 4: 24; 6: 15Ezra 4:12; 7: 8-13, 21 Nehemiah 2: 1-6; 6: 15
Sporadic RebuildingTimes of Distress
Jesus is Destroyed and Raised UpDisciples WaitPentecost (52 Days)
Jesus Lays the Foundation and Opens Temple Church is Built at the End of TimePlagues (52 Weeks)

Jesus as Nehemiah
» 52 Days of Building the Church. There are 52 days from the crucifixion to Pentecost.

Nehemiah 4: 16-17 says that they had to rebuild the walls with half the people as armed guards. Ezra also records the attempts to stop the building. Their enemies succeeded in convincing Xerxes that the Jews would cause trouble. Consequently, two previous commandments to rebuild were not obeyed because of the delaying tactics of the enemy.
Then the people of the land discouraged the people of Judah, and frightened them from building. And hired counselors against them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia. (Ezra 4: 4-5)

483 Years 7 Years
7 Weeks 62 Weeks 1 Week
69 Weeks Messiah

The Last Seven Years (The Seventieth Week)
Sixty nine of the seventy weeks elapsed from the decree to rebuild until the Messiah. The Messiah appears during the final week. This is represented by the seven day feast of unleavened bread. The Jews had seven years to remove sin. The Gospel commission was only given to the Christians after they rejected the disciples. Then they had forty years of wandering before the wrath of God fell again on their temple in 70 AD.

The Six Major Points of Daniel 9: 24. The Work of the Messiah
The Gap Theory Error
69 Weeks 2000+ Year Gap1 Week
The Gap Theory claims that Jesus did not accomplish all these six points. Some groups claim none were completed others say only some were. Therefore the prophetic clock stopped and the last seven years is ripped from the preceding 69 years and placed at the end of time. Jesus and the Jews will fulfill this prophecy during the last seven years on earth.

The period between is called the Gap.

The problem is that this is illogical. 69 + 2000 + 1 is not equal to seventy. God could just have easily said 69 weeks. This theory makes it seem that God did not expect Jesus to fail at doing all the works. So being surprised by the failure, He had to postpone the remaining time until the end.
The creative minds have begun to speculate that God counts time by covenants. In this way they ignore huge gaps in time.
Gabriel made six major points in Daniel 9: 24. Seventy weeks (490 years) are given to Israel and Jerusalem to confirm the covenant with these specific actions. Jesus fulfilled them as the only faithful Jew.

  1. arrow Finish The Transgression (to end lawlessness).
    Fill up the measure of the guilt of your fathers. (Matthew 23: 32)
    They were about to tip the scale of disobedience and the final curse would be applied. But one righteous Jew would remain faithful.
  2. arrow To Make An End Of Sins. This was the period up to the end of the Jewish probation. They had this long to cease being lawless, and to follow God as He intended. See Hebrews 9: 11-14; 10: 9-14.
    ... but now once in the end of the world He has appeared in the world to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. (Hebrews 9: 26)
    See Hebrews 5: 9. One righteous man can be exchanged for many and end all sin. This is fair because one disobedient man brought this punishment on the world.
  3. arrow To Make Reconciliation For Iniquity. Jesus did this at the cross.
    For if, when we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of His son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. (Romans 5: 8-11 (Verse 10))
    And all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself by Jesus Christ. (2 Corinthians 5: 17-20) See Colossians 1: 20-21
  4. arrow To bring in everlasting righteousness. Jesus did this at the Cross when He introduced righteousness by faith.
    See Romans 3: 21-26; 4: 13; 5: 17-19.
    For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Romans 5: 19
  5. arrow To Seal Up The Vision And Prophecy. By clearly demonstrating the fulfillment of the 490 years (70 weeks) prophecy, Jesus "sealed" or confirmed the accuracy of the overall prophecy of Daniel 8 and 9. So He "sealed" or authenticated and validated the vision and the prophecy for us. Since the 70 week portion of the 2300 years was confirmed on earth with such startling accuracy, we should have equal confidence to unearth the fulfillment for the end of the 2300 years.
  6. arrow To Anoint The Most Holy. and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of Heaven. "You are My beloved Son, in You I am well pleased". (Luke 3: 22)
    The Hebrew can read Most Holy One or Most Holy. As we learned Jesus was the Holy one of God that was anointed 27 AD. at His baptism when the Holy Spirit descended on Him.
    Christ went up to heaven after His resurrection to inaugurate the real sanctuary in heaven and begin His ministry as the high priest, when he presented Himself as the wavesheaf at His resurrection. So it is possible that this prophecy means that He anointed the sanctuary in heaven. The Most Holy One anointed the Most Holy Place.
    Just as the prophecy indicated, Christ's anointing occurred and the beginning of the sanctuary ministry in heaven occurred within the 70 weeks.

1844: The Cleansing Of The Sanctuary
Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said to that certain saint which spoke, How long shall be the vision about the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said to me, to two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed [restored to its rightful state]. (Daniel 8: 13-14)
The cleansing of the sanctuary occurred on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16: 29-31, 33, 34). On this day, the high priest entered the Most Holy Place, symbolically transferred the accumulated sins from the sanctuary (the temple) to the scapegoat, and he then banished the scapegoat to the desert. (Leviticus 16: 10, 29, 30) In the Hebrew tradition it was the last day in which they could be sealed and have their names kept in the book of life!
Covenant Israel Era Christian Era
Captivity in Babylon 2300 Days (Daniel 8: 14) (Chazon) Time Of The End
Daniel 9: 25, 26 Daniel 9: 27 Daniel 8: 14 Sanctuary Cleansed or Restored Second Coming Scape goat
Scapegoat
(Mar'eh) 70 Weeks (490 Years) Cut Off Revenge -
69 Weeks (483 Years) 1 week (7 Years) 1810 Years
7 Weeks
(49 years)
62 Weeks
(434 Years)
Christ
(3½ Years)
Cross
Lord's Goat
Ministry To Jews
(3½ Years)
Sanctuary Destroyed City Destroyed -
70 Years 483 Years 3½ Years 40 Years - -Wrath1000 Years
70 Years457 BC 27 AD31AD 34 AD 70 AD 136 1844NowAzazel Banished
- Passover Day of Atonement
The 2300 years and the 490 years both start at the same time. Therefore, 490 years are "cut out" from the 2300.
2300 - 490 = 1810 years.   34 AD + 1810 = 1844 AD.
Seventy weeks were cut off of the longer time prophecy of 2300 days. This time was given to the Jews. It began with the release from Babylonian captivity when the commandment to build and restore Jerusalem was given. The seventy weeks would end with the Messiah.
  1. 457 BC Decree to restore and build Jerusalem after Babylon. The final decree provided the money to rebuild.
  2. 27 AD Baptism of Jesus. He was anointed by the Holy Spirit and formally became the Messiah at that time.
  3. 31 AD The crucifixion of Jesus
  4. 34 AD The stoning of Stephen. The gospel formally goes out to the Gentiles who will produce the fruits.
  5. 1844 AD The 2300 day time prophecy ends with the formal beginning of the judgment.

Sprinkling the Blood
The blood was sprinkled on the ark eight times. Once up and then seven times down.
Blood Given to God. In the Garden of Gethsemane, He first offered His own blood. This is the blood cast up.
Blood Taken by Man. Then the people made seven wounds that shed His blood. This is the blood cast down.
Blood
Up
1Gethsemane. Blood from His pores that He gave
Down
Blood
2 Beaten. Flagellum tore skin
3Crown of Thorns. Tore head
4-52 Nails. Pierced hands
6-72 Nails. Pierced feet
8Sword in His side. Blood and water poured out

The events of the day of of atonement began to be fulfilled at the crucifixion. They will end at the millennium. Passover, Yom Kippur and Tabernacles were being merged like they were at the first exodus. This causes the perfect sacrifice to be killed only once for all time. During this day, the High Priest is ministering in the sanctuary as He removes the sin of the penitent people and cleanses the sanctuary. The day had several important events.

The Merging Of The Feasts And Sacrifices
How do we know that the sacrifices for all the feasts happened during the Passover death?
The Events of Christ's Exodus at the Beginning of the "Day of the Lord"
Palm Branches Trials Beaten Lord's Goat Carrying the Cross Strong Man Killed Eaten 2000
Years
Wave Sheaf
Waving Palm BranchesWaving Lamb Wine Broken Bread Goat Wine Donkey Bull Wine Strong Man Simon Crucifixion Dead Raised Heaven
Tabernacles Passover Bread Yom Kippur for the Righteous Feast 10-15 Tabernacles
Tishri 15 Nissan 14 Nissan 15 Tishri 21

The Events of Israel's Exodus at the End of the "Day of the Lord"
Elijah's Cup Strong Man ScapeGoat Killed Fourth Cup No Sin Wave Sheaf Judgment
Broken Bread Wine White Horse Bull Strong Man Chained Goat Dead Wine Unleavened
Bread
Waving Palm BranchesWaving Raised Raised Goat
Passover Wrath Yom Kippur for the Wicked Passover Tabernacles Life Death
Repent Plagues Second Coming Millennium (Heaven) Book of Life
Passover (Nissan 14) Sabbath (Nissan 15)

The Restoration Of The Sanctuary
Three times Gabriel declares in Daniel 8 that the vision of the 2300 day / years reaches to the time of the end. (Daniel 8: 17,19,26). Therefore, any interpretation that concludes that this was fulfilled before Christ is wrong.

  1. So he came near where I stood; and when he came, I was frightened and fell upon my face. But he said to me, "Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end."
  2. He said, "then, I will make known to you what shall be at the latter end of the indignation; for it pertains to the appointed time of the end.
  3. The vision of the evenings and the mornings which has been told is true; but seal up the vision, for it pertains to many days hence." (Daniel 8: 17,19,26).

The 2300 years of Daniel 8: 14 stretches from the time of the ram symbolizing Medo-Persia all the way down to the nineteenth century. At the end of the 2300 years of Daniel 8: 14, Jesus reverses the effects of Satan's control over the church. Heaven has all the testimony and the witnesses that they need to convict Satan in the judgment. (Daniel 8: 14; Daniel 7: 13,14; Daniel 8: 25)

The Objects Restored
At the perfect time God reveals what has been hidden and He restores what has been broken.

Law Disassembling and Reassembling the Sanctuary
Angel Ark of the Covenant
Ark
Scapegoat Attacks The Little Horn Attacks Holy Objects Arrive Cloud Fire
Moses
Aaron
Shofar Judah Sanctuary Taken Down Fabric and roof
Gershon
Sanctuary building
Merari
Shofar Reuben Sanctuary Restored Kohath: Holy Objects
Kohath
Joseph Dan
Dragon
Arrow Left Led by Christ (Priest and King) Sanctuary Destroyed Affliction Sanctuary
Restored
People
Blessed
People
Cursed
Christ Killed Cock Peter's Denial
Covenant in Gethsemane Tried by Priests Trial, Beaten CalvaryAbandonedResurrectedReunion Revenge
Arrested by Rome31 AD Crucifixion 1260 Years1844Laws RestoredPlagues
This prophecy follows the law on disassembling and reassembling the sanctuary (Numbers 10). According to the rules, we can also see the restoration of the sanctuary as meaning not just that it was being cleansed on the Day of Atonement, but it was "rebuilt". This law also demonstrates that part of the restoration of the sanctuary is a restoration of its objects, including the furniture, commandments and uncorrupted feasts before the arrival of a special generation of people.
The Ministry of the Southern Priests. Then the Kohathites set out, carrying the holy objects; and the tabernacle was set up before their arrival. (Numbers 10: 21)
The Kohathites were Levites who camped in the south. It suggests that this ministry of the southern priests will occur when the church flees from Babylon the Great in the north to the south.
So before the world is faced with the other truths about the sanctuary, it must be rebuilt and cleansed. Then we will learn about the laws, the ceremonies and how they prophesy about Christ and our future by some special people who lead the tribes of Joseph, Manasseh and Benjamin. This future includes persecution by a serpent, wrath, death, resurrection and a pillar of fire.

Rebuild And Restore The Sanctuary
Many Christians are looking for a rebuilt temple in Jerusalem where animal sacrifices will restart. This is incorrect. For many reasons God cannot rebuild a temple and go back to any symbol of the old sacrificial system where the sacrifices could not forgive sin, the priests were mortal and corrupt and the temple could be trampled on and desecrated by the enemy.

Law Law of Vengeance: The Punishment Of The Enemies Of Christ.
I will also bring upon you a sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant; and when you gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you, so that you will be delivered into your enemies' hands. (Leviticus 26: 25)
The temple was destroyed 40 years after Christ was killed. Rome was plagued with destruction 49 years after the crucifixion and Israel was exiled from Jerusalem 105 years (3.5 prophetic months) after the crucifixion. All seem to develop over a three to four year period. However, these events do not appear within the 490 year time period, yet we recognize that all these events are somehow connected to it in some sort of definite time table.
How are they related and why did God wait so long? They are a result of the curse and the vengeance of God.

Iniquity Complete Days Of Vengeance For The Covenant
Messiah Destroyed Sanctuary DestroyedLand Taken
Christ (31 AD)Judas(34 AD)Israel (66-70 AD)Rome (79-81 AD)Exiled (136)455
Crucifixion Sanctuary Dead Judas Stephen
Stephen
Jerusalem Priest Sanhedrin Menorah Sanctuary Soldiers Volcano Fire Plague Rome Exodus Crucifixion Rome
BrokenDeadHungStonedSiegeSanhedrinTreasuresTempleVesuviusDisastersJerusalemRome
Darkness -Blood FireSmoke Fire Failed Messiah
Messianic Judaism (1850)Sanctuary Restored (1844 AD) Zionism (1882-1948)Israel (1948)
Restoration of Israel Since 1844 Restore
These events must not be confused with the real fulfillment, neither must they be dismissed as irrelevant. Any similarity to the prophecy by other individuals or powers or events is as a result of the law of vengeance on those who are directly connected to the events of the crucifixion. Prophecy is like the main trunk of a tree or the vine. These events are significant branches that are legal repercussions directly related to the fulfillment of prophecy.
At the end of the 2300 day prophecy in 1844, the restoration of Israel seems to follow this same schedule.
Sanctuary studies among Christians began in the 1840's. Messianic Judaism started in 1850. Zionism restored the language and the hope in the people until a permanent homeland was established in 1948 and the exiles returned. This will climax in the restoration of their Messiah.

Type The Desolations Of Israel: The Destruction Of Jerusalem And The Temple
... and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood. Even to the end there will be war. Desolations are determined. (Daniel 9: 26)

Desolation of The City
The people and the city suffered just like Jesus. From the Bible and the account of Josephus these are the details.
Item Judas the Traitor
He was disemboweled and hung in the garbage dump.
(Matthew 27: 5. Acts 1: 18-19)
Item Pilate Killed Himself in Italy
In 36 AD Pilate was fired for cruelty and died in 37 AD
Item King Eaten by Worms
In 44, Herod Agrippa 1 was eaten by worms immediately after the people called him a god (Acts 12: 23)
Item Siege in 66 AD
Jerusalem was surrounded
Item Famine and Cannibalism
Women ate their own children
Item Mass Crucifixions
People who tried to find food at night were beaten, tortured and crucified until there was no more wood to make crosses
Item Temple Burned (70 AD)
The temple was destroyed
Item Trees Destroyed
The trees were cut down and the land salted in 71 AD
Item City Destroyed (136 AD)
Jerusalem was destroyed and renamed by Hadrian
Item Failed Messiah (132-136 AD)
Shimon Bar Kochbah
Item People Exiled
The people were exiled in 136 AD for over 100 years
» The Desolation Of The Temple In 70 AD.
Beginning on Passover (April 14, 70 AD or Nisan 17) Titus besieged the temple from April to September. On Tisha B'av (9th Av or August 10), the temple began to burn. Titus finally had control by September 7 around Yom Kippur. The city and the temple were destroyed by the flood that was the Roman army.
Records indicate that for forty Passovers and Yom Kippurs until the destruction of the temple in 70 AD, God signified that He had rejected the earthly temple services through several miracles. If the miracles began at Passover in the year of the crucifixion (31 AD) then the fortieth Passover and Yom Kippur would be in 70 AD. This is thirty nine years and eight months later, or about forty years.

Forty years before the destruction of the Temple, the western light went out, the crimson thread remained crimson, and the lot for the Lord always came up in the left hand. They would close the gates of the Temple by night and get up in the morning and find them wide open.
Jerusalem Talmud (Jacob Neusner, The Yerushalmi, page 156-157)

"Our rabbis taught: During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple the lot ['For the Lord'] did not come up in the right hand; nor did the crimson-colored strap become white; nor did the western most light shine; and the doors of the Hekel [Temple] would open by themselves".
Babylonian Talmud (Soncino version, Yoma 39b)

» The Desolation Of The Priesthood.
After the nation of Israel rejected Christ, they had three and a half years of ministry from the disciples. After they stoned Stephen, and the Gospel legally went to the Gentiles, they had another forty years before the temple was destroyed by the Romans, fulfilling the prophecy of Daniel.
... and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. (Daniel 9: 26)
Destruction also came to the high priest Matthias, the grandson of Annas, in the third and fourth generation as the third commandment required.
... visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me. (Deuteronomy 5: 9)
Caiaphas belonged to the Saducees, when the temple was destroyed they were out of a job. The Pharisees survived as Rabbinic Judaism because they were based on allowing the common person to serve the Lord.

» The Desolation Of The Sanhedrin (The Malicious Court)
Desolation of The Sanhedrin
The priests suffered just like Jesus.
Item High Priest Wrongly Accused
The high priest Matthias, the third generation and the grandson of Annas, was wrongly accused of treason by his own people
Item Sanhedrin Massacred
Three of Matthias' sons were killed before him. Then he and 16 other members of the Sanhedrin were executed
Item Temple Burned (70 AD)
The temple was destroyed
Item Saducees (Priests)
Exiled when temple fell. Rabbinic Judaism (Pharisees) survived
Item House of Herod (70 AD)
Exiled when people revolted
Technically, the Jews did not sin when they caused the Messiah to die. According to the law the Lord's goat must die and the Jewish priests were asked to kill the goat. So God could not punish them because He died. However, they were punished for injustice.
Malicious Witness Punished. The judge shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness and he has accused his brother falsely, then you shall do to him just as he had intended to do to his brother. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you. (Deuteronomy 19 : 18-19)
They used false witnesses to bring the charge which caused His death, therefore, they suffered the same pattern of punishments as Christ experienced. The punishment for perjury in court is the same as the "eye for eye" justice. Except for His body being eaten by worms, the people and leaders suffered like Jesus.

» Passover Torah Readings. Exodus 22: 24-23:19 is one of the readings scheduled during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. If this custom existed during that time then God made a special effort to warn them not to commit injustice by using bribes and false witnesses during Passover.

» The Desolation of Jerusalem (Bar Kochba Revolt).
The two desolations occurred in time periods that mimicked the wanderings of Israel in the exodus and the Babylonian captivity. Forty years after the Messiah was killed, the temple was destroyed. Seventy years after the siege of Jerusalem, the city was destroyed.

The culture and leadership of the Roman empire was full of homosexuals and pedophiles so that at that time it seemed like Sodom and Gomorrah ruled the holy nation. Emperor Hadrian's favorite was a twelve year old Greek youth named Antinous. In March 130, around Passover, Hadrian and a group of his favorite male companions came to Jerusalem. Between April and July, Hadrian outlawed circumcision as a part of a strategy to reform the Jewish religion so that it complied with Rome. He may have begun plans to build the Temple of Capitoline Jupiter on the Temple mount. On 28 October 130, near the fall feasts, Antinous drowned mysteriously in the Nile and Hadrian had him deified by March 131. By October 134 coins struck with his image as god and statues are distributed to spread the worship of Antinous.
Between 132 and 135, the people revolted and accepted a false Messiah, Shimon Bar Kochba. It ended with the desolation of Jerusalem and the exile of the people. The city was dug up, its name was blotted out by Hadrian. The city was renamed Aelia Capitolina after himself (Publius Aelius Hadrianus) and the chief Roman god (Jupiter Capitolinus). The land was renamed Syria Palaestina (Palestine) after the Philistines.
So legally, any punishment that the Jews had for rejecting the Messiah was completed in 136 AD.

Law The Law Of Curses And The Division Of Israel.
Political and religious pressure splits the two branches of the church when the Christians did not want to be associated with anything Jewish after 135 AD. The hostilities between the two communities seem to take on the pattern of events that occurred after the ten northern tribes were split from the southern tribes about 120 years apart. Both were eventually taken away into captivity and scattered.
Nation Second Curse Third Curse Fourth Curse Fifth Curse
Division Two Nations Captivity and Exile Occupation Wrath
Physical
Israel
922 BC 110 Northern Tribes722 BC Assyria Persia, Greece, Rome, Islam? GatheredCrucifixion
22 Southern Tribes609 BC Babylon 539 BCPersia - Rome 31 AD Wrath
Spiritual
Israel
34 AD 1Jews136 AD Rome638 AD Islam 1948 Gathered Second Coming
2Christians538 AD Papal Rome 1798 ADCommunism1991 Called
Pagan
Rome
330 AD 1Byzantine Rome638 AD Islam 1918 ADColonial
Europe
1945 Babylon
the Great
Scapegoat
2Western Rome476 AD Barbarians 1798 AD 1945
Papal
Rome
1054 AD 1Eastern Orthodox638 AD Islam 1798 ADFrench
Revolution
1991 Image to
the Beast
Scapegoat
2Catholic1517 Protestant 1798 AD 1929

  1. Terror (Raids). The first curse on the nation of Israel was the constant incursions during the time of the judges.
  2. Land Divided (922 BC). The nation was split between the ten tribes in the north and the two in the south.
  3. Children Taken (722 BC and 609 BC). Assyria took the northern tribes in 722 BC and Babylon took Judea.
  4. War and Vengeance For The Covenant (539 BC to 31 AD). They were ruled by Medo-Persia, Greece and Rome. Jesus Christ came to fulfill the covenant and suffer the vengeance for the covenant in our place.
  5. Wrath on the Sanctuary (31-136 AD). The second sanctuary and Jesus Christ were destroyed by Rome and the people were exiled.

    Little Wheel Vengeance on Spiritual Israel. The nation of Israel was scattered after the crucifixion as the vengeance for the covenant consumed them until the fifth curse was exhausted.
    After this period, the spiritual nation of Israel repeated the pattern of five curses. They were split in two, held captive by a series of powers and they are now being called and gathered at the end of time to flee so that they can escape the wrath on Babylon the Great and the wicked.
    Little Wheel Vengeance on Pagan Rome. Rome was also split in two and suffers the same fate as they are scheduled for destruction at the end of time. The destruction of Rome is a part of the series of punishments sent on Babylon because they are the working arm of Satan. In another lesson we show how Babylon suffered their five series of curses.

    » Scattered. The period ends with the destruction of the sanctuary and the exile of the wicked and with the gathering of the righteous remnant.
    » God Appears. It ends with the appearance of their god, either the Lord (Lord's goat) or the Scapegoat (Satan).

Jesus The Parables of Jesus: Invitation to The Wedding Feast of God is Rejected. This parable prophesies about the fate of the nation. Invitations were sent to the wedding of the king's son. However, the guests refused the invitation and killed the servants and the son. God responded by burning their city and extending the invitation to everyone.
City Burned Down. But the king was enraged and, and he sent his armies and destroyed those murderers and set their city on fire. (Matthew 22: 7)

Type Worshipping the Beast and His Image. The experience of the Jews between 66 and 136 AD reflect the issues that will be faced by the final generation. The events that occurred in seventy years could occur in 7 years or less.

Type The Desolations of Rome: The Destruction of the Roman Army in 79 AD
... and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood. Even to the end there will be war. Desolations are determined. (Daniel 9: 26)
Everyone who killed Christ was desolated according to this same pattern when their end came.

» The Future Destruction of Rome. After studying the repetitive phenomenon in prophecy, it is my opinion that at the end, when the Antichrist from Rome comes in like a flood to destroy Israel and Jerusalem, Mount Vesuvius and the super volcano at the Campi Flegrei Caldera in Naples will destroy Rome. They may even be above an undiscovered volcano!
In addition, I have come to the conclusion that vengeance for the Nazi holocaust in world war 2 is not over. When random signs of the destruction from the skies affects a large city, it may occur in Germany and its allies such as Italy and Japan.
The signs give some insight into the events that fulfill this prophecy on the day of vengeance.
I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth. Blood, fire and columns of smoke. The sun will be turned into darkness and the moon into blood before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes. (Joel 2: 30-32)

Type The Desolations Of The Earth: The Destruction Of Satan
Verse 26 is about the crucifixion of Christ. But notice at the end it hints that there will be similar wars and desolations up to the end. The crucifixion was just one crucial battle in the war on sin that caused the desolation of Christ. But until the final end, there will be more wars and more desolations. Sometimes the good are the victims, but ultimately evil loses the war.
With every desolation, a way of escape is made through a place or in the sleep of death. For the righteous, death is temporary. For the wicked, death will ultimately be permanent. All the battles in this war followed the same pattern of desolation.
War in Heaven > War of the Angels War of the Dragon War of the Bridegroom
Elapsed Time > Unknown 6000 Years 1000 Years
Battle > Satan Rebels Wicked Christ 70 (AD) Little hornSecond Coming Armageddon
Desolation People Bad angels Adam Noah Christ Israel ChurchGood Wicked Satan All Wicked
City Heaven Earth Earth Disciples Jerusalem ChurchBabylon the Great Gog, Magog
Sanctuary Throne Eden Earth His Body Temple Truth False religion Earth
The End Exile Exile Death CrucifixionDestroyed Martyred Seven Last Plagues Second death
The Flood Michael Satan Flood Roman Army Europe Army of Christ Lake of fire
The Great Escape > Sick Earth Ark Heaven Christians America HeavenDeath Abyss No Escape

Wheel Multiple Desolations in The Great War. The desolations began in Heaven when Satan, one of the covering cherubs at the throne of God rebelled. He was thrown out of heaven by Michael and His army (Revelation 12: 7). Satan and his angels were banished to the earth. They literally escaped to earth. They exported the rebellion to earth and destroyed Eden so Adam was also banished to the earth, outside of Eden.
Almost two thousand years later, God had to destroy the earth with a flood because the rebellion had become extensive.
Two thousand years later Israel was exiled when Jerusalem fell, but the Christians escaped when the Romans temporarily abandoned the siege. The church would later be martyred for another thousand years before it escaped to the new world.
At the end the Antichrist will be desolated when his false religion and the city of Babylon the Great fall.
At the third coming Satan will experience the final desolation when God and Magog fall in hell fire.

Chatak: Cut Off
The question is asked where on the 2300 year continuum is the 490 years? How can we know which portion of the 2300 days is cut off or cut out? The prophecy identifies when the 490 years begins, but it may not necessarily be the beginning of the 2300 years.
The one constant we have is the location of the 490 years (the Mar'eh). It is about the Messiah being cut off. So there is no scenario where it ends with the Messiah's triumphant return. So we can pinpoint this portion of the prophecy.
The Rampaging GoatThe Ram Broken The Rampaging Little HornHorn Broken
Sanctuary, People, City Trampled490 YearsSanctuary, People, City TrampledSanctuary
Restored
Temple
1 Sanctuary Trampled457 BC486.5
Years
Cross34 AD 1810 Years 1844
2 Sanctuary
Trampled
Start"?" Years 34 AD "?" YearsEnd
3 2267 BC1810 Years 31 AD 34 ADThe Sanctuary Was Not Restored
Heaven and Earth (Church) TrampledHeaven Restored The People TrampledPeople Restored
There are only three possibilities.

  1. Beginning (457 BC). Our lesson supports this view. The rampaging satanic goat kills the Ram which existed before him. Then a little horn (a mirror image) springs up to repeat its work.
  2. Middle (Cut Out). It is almost impossible to tell where to place these events. There are 2300 possibilities. We can only go back to Daniel 8: 14 to begin to look at several possibilities. The start of the 2300 days begins with the career of the horror that tramples the people. There are only three in the narrative but since Babylon fits some of the description we will add them. Since the prophecy can start with some significant event within the reign of these transgressors I will look for events of historical significance around the end of the time period that relates to a restoration of the property of God, either His people, city or sanctuary. Invalid Not Valid. The prophecy includes the Persian empire. So any timeline that begins after their fall is invalid. In a spiritual interpretation one could say that the people are the sanctuary and city. The people were being restored but not to the Promised Land. The physical city and the heavenly sanctuary were not restored until after 1844.
  3. End (34 AD). This ends with the Holy Place being restored around the crucifixion. The heavenly sanctuary was restored when Christ became the High Priest and the official sacrifice had been made and the types and symbols ceased.
    If this view has merit then the 2300 days began in 2267 BC. What happened around this time? Fortunately I researched time lines and developed my own before comparing it to others. I found a 215 year discrepancy and traced it to an assumption made about Abraham's call. So I kept the two lines as equally valid and will now show you what happened near that time. Invalid Spiritual Restoration Incomplete. The destruction of the second temple did not happen within the time period. However, those looking at a purely spiritual interpretation could identify the body of Jesus as the sanctuary which was torn down at the cross and the heavenly temple as the sanctuary being restored with the inauguration of the High Priest. The church was restored in heaven as Satan was cast out as the terrible high priest who was our accuser, not our representative. All heaven acknowledged the forgiveness of sin and the reunion of their brethren at this time (Revelation 12: 7-10).
    If we include the temple destruction and the destruction of the city then we will have the following starting points using my chronology. Invalid Not Valid. The objection I have is that this goes too far back into the past and the sanctuary, city and people were still being trampled beyond 1798. So the prophecy did not end by the second century AD.

Although I still support one position as the exact fulfillment, I do not want the incredible time coincidence to be lost. God acts at specific times and timetables according to His own laws. Every despot, persecutor and loyal follower is subject to these guaranteed times. In the lesson on Matthew 24 I show the incredible unity of long time events surrounding 1260 years that speaks to the fact that the 2300 year patterns are also not a coincidence.
It is 1260 years between the time the ten northern tribes were given over to Assyria to the time the church was given over for apostasy (722 BC to 538 AD). Then it was another 1260 years for the rise and fall of the papacy (538 AD to 1798 AD). This is a total of 7 prophetic years from the Assyrian captivity to the fall of the papacy, ending in a time when all branches of the church will be free. It was 2520 years (2 x 1260) from the fall of ancient Babylon to the rise of Babylon the great (539 BC to 1981 AD). So Babylon loses power seven times and the people of God lose autonomy seven times.

The Evidence For Jesus Christ As The Messiah
In our next lesson we will show all the evidence from the law and the prophets that Jesus is the Messiah. Some of it is new and even more convincing and more comprehensive than the traditionally accepted evidence.
Here we will deal with the evidence that is related to time and candidates.
First Temple Second Temple Period Heavenly Temple
- The First Decree by Cyrus Messiah Too late
- 1 The Second Decree by Darius Messiah Too late
2 The Third Decree by Artaxerxes   Messiah Too late
34 Too early Messiah Messianic Period Jews Gentiles Called Messiah Too late
First Temple destroyed Decree 1 - Cyrus Decree 2 - Darius Decree 3 - Artaxerxes Decree 3b - Nehemiah Messiah Candidate   Decree 1 ends Decree 2 ends Decree 3 ends Messiah Candidate - - Decree 3b - Nehemiah Second Temple destroyed   Messiah Candidate Messiah Candidate
586
BC
538
BC
519
BC
457
BC
444
BC
Judas Maccabee
160 BC
125
BC
55 BC 36 BC 27
AD
Jesus
Christ
31
AD
34
AD
40
AD
Temple
Destroyed
70 AD
110
AD
Shimon Bar Kokhba
132-135 AD
Sabbatai Zvi
1665 AD
 Messiah   Messiah  Messiah   Messiah   Too early 125 BC > Only Possible Messianic Period > 110 AD Too Late
  Real Time   Prophetic Time 2300 Days Continue
Judah Gentiles Hasmonean 168-37 House of Herod 37BC-70AD Gentiles
Babylon Sanhedrin-
We know that the Messiah will appear at the end of the 69 weeks after one of these decrees (55 BC to 31 AD). If we assume that we did not know what age He will be at that point, it will be reasonable to give a range of forty years to seventy years on either side of the date of the end of all three decrees for Him to be possibly alive.

Messiah Messianic Period. By law, the priest can only serve between thirty and fifty years old (Numbers 4: 3, 49).
However, if we allow a maximum range of seventy years, the only possible Messianic period in prophetic time is 125 BC to 110 AD. Only Jesus appeared in this period or within 100 years of the outer limits.

Messiah Jewish Objections. Critics claim that with four decrees to choose from and a flexible number of years and our manufactured "prophetic time", of course we would identify Jesus. Yet, as I clearly demonstrate, ONLY Jesus satisfies any of the scenarios. God cleared a wide path in historical time so that the Messiah stands out.
The prophecy says that the Messiah should appear sixty nine weeks after a decree to rebuild Jerusalem. There were three decrees. Assuming any of the three decrees could be correct, we must look at what evidence there is for another possible candidate.

The Timing Of The Three Decrees.
These are the times during which the Messiah could possibly appear. The Messiah should appear during week sixty nine. We do not know what age he will be, therefore we will assume that he could be any age up to about seventy years. Assuming that we also do not know which of the three decrees is the one prophesied, and assuming that the time could be real time (one day is one day) or prophetic time (one day is one year), then we can establish the range of years in which the Messiah must appear.
If any of the three decrees are correct then the Messiah must appear within a reasonable time, sixty nine weeks of real time or (483 prophetic years) after the decrees were issued. And He must die three and a half years later.
There are six to eight possible time periods, four real times and four prophetic times if you also count the decree of Artaxerxes in 445/444 BC.

The Candidates. These are the best possible candidates throughout history.

  1. Zerubabbel. Using real time, Zerubabbel (521 BCE-485), a descendant of David, was a type of Christ who would rebuild the house of God. His partial fulfillment of the attributes serve only as a sign of the Messiah on the day God overthrew kingdoms, principalities and powers at the crucifixion.
    Messianic Sign. On that day, says the Lord of hosts, I will take you, O Zerubbabel my servant, the son of Shealtiel, says the Lord, and make you like a signet ring; for I have chosen you, says the Lord of hosts. (Haggai 2: 23)
  2. Judas Maccabee. A leader in the Maccabean revolt in 167 BC when the Greeks desecrated the temple under Antiochus Epiphenes. He was killed in 160 BC in the battle of Elasa. No movement survives him. He did not claim to be the Messiah.
    » Hasmonean Dynasty (False Priest-Kings). Alexander Balas the Greek ruler, awarded his brother Jonathan the office of priest and later king in the Hasmonean dynasty. His father Mattathias was a lesser priest of the line of Jehoiarib, but not from the line of Zadok who should be priests. Jesus was also a Priest-King from the line of David. They were not from the line of David. A false dynasty with fake credentials rules when the Messiah came.
  3. Jesus Christ. He said that He was the Messiah. He even said that He is God. He was crucified after a three and a half year ministry in 31. AD, but a worldwide movement survives Him. Thirty percent of the world is Christian.
  4. Jewish Messiahs (30-100 AD). These messiahs are on time but no movement survives them and they do not meet other requirements.
    • Theudas (44-46). He led an unsuccessful revolt with about 400 people.
    It came to pass, while Cuspius Fadus was procurator of Judea, that a certain charlatan, whose name was Theudas, persuaded a great part of the people to take their effects with them, and follow him to the Jordan river; for he told them he was a prophet, and that he would, by his own command, divide the river, and afford them an easy passage over it. Many were deluded by his words. However, Fadus did not permit them to make any advantage of his wild attempt, but sent a troop of horsemen out against them. After falling upon them unexpectedly, they slew many of them, and took many of them alive. They also took Theudas alive, cut off his head, and carried it to Jerusalem. Josephus (Jewish Antiquities 20.97-98)
    • Judas the Galilean. He is mentioned in the bible along with Theudas as unsuccessful movements.
    For some time ago Theudas rose up claiming to be somebody, and a group of about four hundred men joined up with him. But he was killed and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing. After this man Judas of Galilee rose up in the days of the census and drew away some people after him. He too perished and all those who followed him were scattered. (Acts 5: 36-38)
    • Menahem ben Judah (70). A zealot who led a revolt at Masada. He was killed as a result of a conspiracy by another zealot.
  5. Shimon Bar Kochba (132-135). The high priest, Rabbi Akiva, renames Bar Kosiba to Bar Kochba ("Son of the Star") said that he was the long awaited Messiah. He started a three and a half year revolt against the Roman occupation. He was killed and the Jews were exiled from Israel and the land renamed Palestine. No movement survives him. A failed Messiah appears at the close of the wrath poured out on Israel.
  6. Other Jewish Messiahs. These messiahs are too late and no movement survives them.
    133-135 440 684-705 720-723 Crusades 1160 1240
    Bar Kokhba Moses of Crete Abu 'Isa Serene Several Messiahs David Alroy (Alrui) Abraham Abulafia
    • Moses of Crete. The Messiah was expected in 440 because of a computation found in the Talmud and the problems of the declining Roman empire pointed to signs of the times. A man appeared in Crete who promised to lead the people through the sea back to Palestine. On the day of their exodus they threw themselves into the sea and they either drowned or had to be rescued.
    • David Alroy (1171). He was born in Kurdistan in 1160 and appeared in Yemen claiming to be the Messiah during a time when the Muslims were determined to convert the Jews. He was arrested and beheaded in only one year and believed that he would come back to life as proof of his claim.
  7. Shabbatai Zvi (Zevi). In 1665, a Turkish Jew who thought that he could get the Muslims to return Palestine to the Jews. He converted to Islam after he was threatened with death or conversion. This was a very important global movement that led to several claims by subsequent followers to be the Messiah or the reincarnation of Zevi.
    1295 1413 1502 1524-1532 1534-1572 1665-1755 1980's-1994
    Nissim ben
    Abraham
    Moses Botarel
    of Cisneros
    Asher
    Lemmlein
    David Reuveni
    and Solomon Molko
    Isaac
    Luria
    Zevi and his
    followers
    Menachem Mendel
    Schneerson
    1626-1676 Followers of Zevi 1678-1683 1726-1755
    Sabbatai Zevi Barukhia Russo, Miguel (Abraham) Cardoso (1630-1706),
    Jacob Querido, Löbele Prossnitz
    Mordecai Mokia Jacob Frank

The Deadline. Many prophecies indicate that the Messiah must come before the destruction of the second temple in 70 AD and the city of Jerusalem in 136 AD.

The Works Of The Messiah. The Messiah is associated with certain works, some of which appear to conflict. He also has an established lineage.

The Rambam: Jewish Messianic Requirements
Moses Maimonides (Rabbai Mosheh ben Maimon), the RaMBaM, is a Jewish sage, a rabbi, physician and philosopher who lived in the Middle Ages 1135-1204. He was born in Spain (Almoravid Empire) and became the head of the Jewish community in Egypt where he died. He wrote the 14 volume Mishneh Torah and was an expert in the Oral Torah and Talmudic law.
He claimed that the requirements for the Messiah have not been met, so all messianic claims to date have been proven false. His list of criteria on the identity of the Moshiach serve as the guide to current Jewish objections and are in the book, Mishneh Torah, Sefer Shoftim, Hilchot Melachim U'Milchamoteihem, Chapter 11.
If we assume that Jesus Christ existed and that the reports about His life in the Gospels and the New Testament are true then this is my response.

Problems In The Gap
A discussion of this prophecy would not be complete without a discussion of a very popular interpretation of this time prophecy called the Gap Theory. It states that the last week is split off from the seventy weeks and moved to the future because Christ did not fulfill everything required.
Summary of The Gap Theory
69 Weeks
483 Years
Messiah 2000+ Year Gap1 Week
7 Years
  • Messiah. The first 69 weeks is interpreted about the same as we do. But they say that Christ did not complete His mission in Daniel 9: 24.
  • Seven Years. The last week is split off and thrown into the future when Christ will complete His mission.
  • Antichrist. The Antichrist will appear and he will fulfill Daniel 9: 27.
  • Rebuilt Temple. A temple is built in Jerusalem before the Antichrist comes
  • Animal Sacrifices. They begin again.

Repeat Repetition and Enlargement
All Hebrew men were required to attend three feasts. This prophecy tells us how God would fulfill the first two of the three feasts required to keep His part of the covenant.

  1. Passover. Nisan 14, 31 AD. The Messiah would die on the Passover.
  2. Yom Kippur. October 22, 1844. He would judge and vindicate His people on this day.
  3. Tabernacles. This is future. He would make His people perfect and take them to live with Him.

Daniel 9 gives the details of a part of the vision of Daniel 8: 14. It specifically tells the details about the first 490 years.
Daniel 11 will give the details about the entire period. Other prophecies discuss the judgment.
ProphecyTopic Repetition Comment
Daniel 2: 34, 44 Messiah Rock Christ replaces earthly kingdom
Daniel 7: 13-14 Son of Man Christ is given the kingdom
Daniel 8: 11 Commander of the Host The continual was removed from Him by the little horn
Daniel 9 Messiah The arrival and work of the Messiah during the Mar'eh
Daniel 11: 22 Prince of the Covenant Places the Messiah in the Roman period during the reign of a vile person. Tiberius Caesar the pedophile.
Revelation 19: 11 Faithful and True Jesus returns to conquer His enemies
Daniel 2: 34, 44 Judgment Rock smashes idol God sets up a kingdom
Daniel 7: 9-10, 13, 22 Thrones set up Christ takes the kingdom and judgment was passed in favor of the saints and against the "Little Horn"
Daniel 8: 14 Sanctuary cleansed Feast of Yom Kippur - the day of atonement would occur in 2300 years
Ezekiel 40 Measurement The sanctuary was measured
Revelation 11: 1 Measurement The sanctuary, altar and people of God were measured

Nearly 500 years in advance, prophecy predicted

  1. The exact dates of the rebuilding and restoration of the Temple and Jerusalem.
  2. The date of the "Anointing" of Jesus as the Messiah Prince.
  3. The exact date (year, day, time) of His crucifixion (31 AD, during Passover, at the evening sacrifice).
  4. The end of the Jewish probationary period.

Through Prophecy we have unequivocal proof of Jesus' claim to be the Messiah. And by Jesus' fulfillment of the prophecy we see that He sealed the prophecy and the vision proving its reliability. Seeing the accuracy of the 70 week prophecy we can depend upon God to have fulfilled the second part with equal accuracy in the year 1844.
So, in 1844, we see Jesus entering the final stage of His ministry. As Our High Priest he entered the Holy of Holies to begin the judgment and restore the church and knowledge about God and to remove all traces of evil.

Study to show yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.   2 Timothy 2: 15 Time: 200 minutes
Print: 44 pages
Copyright     Updated : June 2012
Credits:
Author: Laverna Patterson. Editor: Patterson (January 2008)
Many other concepts were revealed by the Holy Spirit because of a gift. e.g. The cross, evidence, abominations and desolations, Christ as the curse. The symbolic attack on the sanctuary.
All images were created by Laverna Patterson and are the property of teachinghearts.
Other Messiahs. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_messiah_claimants
I did my best to recognize the Hebrew alphabets but I know some are incorrect.